The models of atom’s nucleus and table of elements.

This is probably the reason of the failure to get to the "island of stability" and seditious idea comes to the mine we build atomic electric power stations without knowing the definite amount of neutrons and protons in the nucleuses of uranium, plutonium

Рубрика Химия
Вид статья
Язык английский
Дата добавления 20.03.2004
Размер файла 6,4 K

Отправить свою хорошую работу в базу знаний просто. Используйте форму, расположенную ниже

Студенты, аспиранты, молодые ученые, использующие базу знаний в своей учебе и работе, будут вам очень благодарны.

Model of atom's nucleus and table of elements.

Every subsequent element of the table of elements differs from the previous one in the amount of protons in its nucleus which is increased by one unit and the amount of neutrons is increased by several units in general. That means , that there are more neutrons in the nucleus than protons (without taking into consideration the lightest nucleuses). The scientific literature doesn't give any explanation of this strange correlation of neutrons' number to the protons' number.

It should be noted that for the construction of the model of atom's nucleus , He nucleuses have the same energies during the alpha-radioactivity. That's why let's place all protons with the same number of neutrons on the nucleus external shell , that means , that on the same energy level only bosons can be found , and they are considered to be alpha-elements found on the nucleus external shell.

Let's place the rest of neutrons inside the nucleus , their task is to weaken the electrostatic field of protons' repulsion. Supposing that the nucleus is spherical and protons and neutrons have the same radiuses , we'll get a model of nucleus for any element , which explains the number of neutrons' ratio to the number of protons , which follows from the existence of nucleons in the atom's nucleus .

Radioactive decay is probably connected with the nucleus compression , because neutrons in the nucleus capacity weaken radial forces of protons' repulsion with the growth of an element's ordinal number.

If nucleuses mass is primary and chemical qualities of an atom are secondary , than in the table of elements atomic weight must change continuously either down on across. Having constructed the table according to these features we have to leave four empty places after Lu and Lr in order to observe chemical qualities of elements . Determination of nucleus charge is probably necessity in discovering elements .

As a matter of fact elements are considered to be discovered based on their chemical qualities .

H

1

He

2

Li

3

Be

4

B

5

C

6

N

7

O

8

F

9

Ne

10

Na

11

Mg12

Al

13

Si

14

P1

5

S

16

Cl

17

Ar

K

19

Ca

20

Sc

21

Ti

22

V

23

Cr

24

Mn

25

Fe

26

Co

27

Ni 28

Cu

29

Zn

30

Ga

31

Ge

32

As

33

Se

34

Br

35

Kr

36

Rb

37

Sr

38

Y

39

Zr

40

Nb

41

Mo

42

Tc

43

Ru

44

Rh

45

Pd

46

Ag

47

Cd

48

In

49

Sn

50

Sb

51

Te

52

I

53

Xe

54

Cs

55

Ba

56

La

57

Ce

58

Pr

59

Nd

60

Pm

61

Sm

62

Eu

63

Gd

64

Tb

65

Dy

66

Ho

67

Er

68

Tu

69

Yb

70

Lu

71

?

72

?

73

?

74

?

75

Hf

76

Ta

77

W

78

Re

79

Os

80

Ir

81

Pt

82

Au

83

Hg

84

Tl

85

Pb

86

Bi

87

Po

88

At

89

Rn

90

Fr

91

Ra

92

Ac

93

Th

94

Pa

95

U

96

Np

97

Pu

98

Am

99

Cm

100

Bk

101

Cf

102

Es

103

Fm

104

Md

105

No

106

Lr

107

In 1891 James Chardwik carried out researches and with the help of Rezerford's formula rated nucleuses charges for platinum-77,4 ; silver-46,3 ; copper-29,3 . These results almost coincided with ordinal numbers of these elements in the periodic table .

But the last lanthanide are radioactive ! According to our model of atom's nucleus radioactivity of the subsequent after lanthanide elements can be reduced , by bringing a shell inside the nucleus which consists of 4 protons or 4 alpha-elements.

But then defining the nucleuses charge of platinum's atom on Chardwik's method , we would get again 77,4 ; because alpha-elements would disperse on the nucleus's external shell of an atom .

That's why the question of more precise definition of nucleus charges of elements following the Hf , is raised .

This is probably the reason of the failure to get to the “ island of stability “ and seditious idea comes to the mine we build atomic electric power stations without knowing the definite amount of neutrons and protons in the nucleuses of uranium and plutonium .

http://www.amazon.com

Henadzi Filipenka , teacher of materials

HTTP:// HOME. URAL.RU/~FILIP

References:

Hehadzi Filipenka “Engineer” Moscow N4 1990 , N4 1991.


Подобные документы

  • Description of the general laws of physical and colloid chemistry of disperse systems and surface phenomena. The doctrine of adsorption, surface forces, stability of disperse systems. Mathematical description. Methods of research. Double electric layer.

    контрольная работа [688,2 K], добавлен 15.11.2014

  • Theory, instrumentation, tips, results. Local surface modification. As it can be seen from this paper, STM can be extremely useful in electrochemical studies. It is capable of providing atomic resolution images of samples in water.

    реферат [6,8 K], добавлен 24.10.2002

  • Description the introductions between man and nature, polluting of the air, oceans. Analyzes problems of cities: the wastes from factories, chemical plants, electric and atomic power stations. Studying the antipollution campaigns of car corporation’s.

    эссе [10,1 K], добавлен 21.03.2012

  • Uranium as one element that has been the raw material for nuclear bombs. Gas centrifuges are the most used technology for enriching uranium. The electromagnetic separation technique and aerodynamic separation as a types of uranium enrichment process.

    реферат [5,0 M], добавлен 26.11.2010

  • The properties of conductors of electricity. The electric field is as the forces in the space around a charged body. Diagrams of the electric field and the lines of force in the neighborhoods of charged bodies, the elements of an electrical condenser.

    презентация [2,0 M], добавлен 13.01.2012

  • The historical development of аrticles, determination, main functions. The cаtegory of definiteness аnd indefiniteness. Rendering of the contextual meаning of the definite аnd indefinite articles. Reаlization of the definite and indefinite аrticle.

    дипломная работа [1023,3 K], добавлен 24.02.2014

  • История развития фирмы INTEL. Развитие и выпуск процессоров INTEL. Обзор технологии ATOM. Обзор процессоров. Материнская плата Gigabyte GC230D. Ноутбуки на базе процессоров INTEL ATOM. Ноутбук MSI Wind U100-024RU, ASUS Eee 1000H, Acer One AOA 150-Bb.

    курсовая работа [233,0 K], добавлен 24.11.2008

Работы в архивах красиво оформлены согласно требованиям ВУЗов и содержат рисунки, диаграммы, формулы и т.д.
PPT, PPTX и PDF-файлы представлены только в архивах.
Рекомендуем скачать работу.