Marxism and womens movement

The theory and practice of Marxism as it relates to womens liberation. In response to feminist criticism, many Marxists have been unnecessarily defensive. Marxism, feminism and the struggle for reform. The real Marxist tradition. The Russian Revolution.

23.06.2010
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Ztkn, supprtd by Kutsky, succdd n scuttlng Brun's prpsl nd wknng hr nflunc. But th wr ws fr frm vr. Th grwng strngth f rfrmsm ncurgd rvsn f th Mrxst pstn n wmn. Rchstg dputy dmund Fschr wrt n rtcl clld Th Wmn Qustn n 1905, n whch h sd tht fml lbur ws unnturl, sclly unhlthy, nd cptlst vl. Th rtcl pprd n th Szlstsch Mntshft, whr ppl wh hld vws tht culd b brdly trmd rvsnst ... culd publsh thr pnns wthut hndrnc. Thnssn, p.98. H wnt n: Th s-clld mncptn f wmn gs gnst th ntur f wmn nd f mnknd s whl. t s unnturl, nd hnc mpssbl t chv nd th frst nd hghst gd n lf fr th wmn, burd dp n hr ntur, [s] t b gd mthr nd lv t duct hr chldrn. Qutrt, Unqul Prtnrs, p.133.

Th fnl vctry f rfrmsm cm wth th utbrk f Wrld Wr , whn mst f th SPD ldrs cptultd t ntnlsm nd supprtd th wr. Th frst t pps t wr Luxmburg nd Ztkn. Fr shrt tm, Ztkn usd D Glchht t gtt gnst th wr, but sh ws frcd t rsgn s dtr n 1915 nd ws xplld n 1917. Sh ltr jnd th Cmmunst Prty. D Glchht hd srry ft. t ncrsngly bcm fmly ppr nd pltcs vrtully dspprd frm ts pgs. n 1922 ts subttl ws chngd t Mgzn fr wmn nd grls f th wrkng ppl. (n Ztkn's dy t hd bn Mgzn fr th ntrsts f wmn wrkrs.) Wth ts crcultn wll blw wht t hd bn wth Ztkn s dtr, D Glchht suspndd publctn shrtly ftr, r-mrgng n 1924 s D Frunwlt (Wmn's Wrld). Thnssn cmmnts: S wll ws ts pltcl tndncy hddn bnth th supplmnt, dfyng strs, pttrns nd fshn llustrtn, tht n-n culd rghtly dscvr t nymr. Thnssn, p.120.

ftr Ztkn's dprtur, wmn's wrk wthn th SPD ws tkn vr by rfrmsts lk Mr Juchcz, wh n th frst spch by wmn dputy t th Grmn Rchstg, nnuncd: Th Wmn Qustn n Grmny n lngr xsts n th ld sns f th trm; t hs bn slvd. Mr Juchcz n hr frst spch n th Rchstg, 1919, qutd n ndrsn nd Znssr, p.397. t th sm tm, th SPD, nw n gvrnmnt, dlt wth th mss unmplymnt tht fllwd dmblstn by dcrng tht wmn shuld b sckd. Th fllwng rdr f prrty ws ssgnd:

1. Wmn whs husbnds hd jb.

2. Sngl wmn nd grls.

3. Wmn nd grls wh hd nly 1-2 ppl t lk ftr.

4. ll thr wmn nd grls. Thnssn, p.91.

Th SPD ws nw n xplctly rfrmst prty whch sw ts jb s th prsrvtn f th cptlst systm. ndd, ts frst tsk n gvrnmnt ws t put dwn th rvlutnry uphvls whch fllwd th wr, nd stbls Grmn scty ( tsk whch ncludd th murdr f Luxmburg nd Krl Lbkncht, ldrs f th nw Cmmunst Prty). t ws t pns t dstnc tslf frm ts mr lft-wng pst, ncludng th fght fr sxul qulty. n 1919, th SPD prty nwsppr nnuncd: Wth Mr Juchcz, w hv nw nd ttlly dffrnt knd f wmn, nd n fr frm subtl swp t Ztkn ddd: Gn s th r whn th ctvsts f th wmn's mvmnt blvd tht thy hd t prv thr qulty by tkng n ml chrctrstcs. Qutd n ndrsn nd Znssr, p.398.

ncrsngly, th SPD's wmn's wrk cncntrtd n scl wlfr, wth th mphss n wmn s wvs nd mthrs rthr thn s wrkrs. Juchcz dvtd mst f hr nrgs t buldng n rgnstn whch fcusd n th spcl nds f wrkng clss chldrn.

Thr ws smlr pttrn n thr urpn sclst r scl dmcrtc prts. Cmmntng n ths phnmnn, ndrsn nd Znssr nt tht wmn ssctd wth rght-wng prts gnrlly sw thmslvs s trdtnl wmn, nd thught t pprprt tht wmn dl nly wth scl wlfr ssus. ndrsn nd Znssr, p.399. But thy r t smthng f lss t xpln why lft-wng wmn shuld ls rtrt nt scl wrk n ths prd. Fr Mrxsts, th xplntn s qut strghtfrwrd. Th cmbntn f Wrld Wr nd th Russn rvlutn hd prfund mpct n th rgnstns f th Scnd ntrntnl. Prvusly, thy hd cmbnd rfrmsts nd rvlutnrs n thr rnks, but nw thy hd t chs btwn rfrm nd rvlutn. Mst splt, wth th rvlutnrs sttng up Cmmunst Prts cnscusly mdlld n succssful rvlutnry prty, th Russn Blshvks. Th rfrmsts' gnrl rtrt frm th ds f Mrxsm ncssrly ntld rtrt n th qustn f wmn's lbrtn. t ws lft t th Grmn Cmmunst Prty t crry n th trdtn stblshd by ngls, Bbl nd Ztkn. nd n fct th Cmmunst Prty wnt much furthr, n prtculr n qustns f sxulty. Wlhlm Rch, wh ws mmbr f th Grmn Cmmunst Prty n th 1920s, hd xtrmly rdcl, f smwht flwd ds nd lrg fllwng, spclly mng yung ppl. Hs wrk ws dnuncd by bth th Nzs nd th Stlnsts, but njyd rvvl durng th sxul rvlutn f th 1960s nd 70s.

Fr lng tm, th Grmn SPD hd th bst rcrd n wmn, prcsly bcus t hd th strngst Mrxst currnt. Th cmprtvly pr rcrd f thr sclst prts rflctd th wknss r cmplt bsnc f gnunly rvlutnry Mrxst currnt wthn thm. Th full sgnfcnc f ths s pprnt whn w xmn th rcrd f th Blshvks.

Th Russn Rvlutn

Russn wmn md nrmus gns s rsult f th ctbr rvlutn: full suffrg, qul py, qul pprtunty n jbs nd ductn, fr brtn nd cntrcptn, sy cvl mrrg nd dvrc, bltn f lws gnst hmsxulty, dultry nd ncst, fr mtrnty hsptl cr nd mtrnty lv, nursng brks, rductn f th wrkng dy, nd prtctv lgsltn fr wmn wrkrs, wth wmn nspctrs t nfrc t. Mst f ths wr nctd by smpl dcr wthn yr f th rvlutn. Ths msurs, n bckwrd nd mpvrshd Russ, wr fr n dvnc f nythng tht xstd nywhr n th wrld t th tm. n ts ttlty, ths bdy f lgsltn stll surpsss nythng n th wrld tdy. t s hrdly th mrk f prty tht dd nt tk th qustn f wmn's lbrtn srusly.

But mprssv s ll ths ws, th Blshvks rcgnsd tht such lws wr nwhr nr nugh t gurnt full lbrtn. Th bckwrd nd ntrnchd tttuds f cnturs culd nt b md t dsppr vrnght. t ws ncssry t crt nsttutns t rplc th functns f th fmly. s Kllnt put t, th sprtn f ktchn frm mrrg ws s mprtnt rfrm fr wmn s th sprtn f Church frm Stt mr gnrlly. Qutd n Clff, Clss Struggl nd Wmn' s Lbrtn, p.140. Lnn ws vn mr frthrght:

Ntwthstndng ll th lws mncptng wmn, sh cntnus t b dmstc slv, bcus ptty huswrk crushs, strngls, stultfs nd dgrds hr, chns hr t th ktchn nd th nursry, nd sh wsts hr lbur n brbrusly unprductv, ptty, nrv-rckng, stultfyng nd crushng drudgry. Th rl mncptn f wmn, rl cmmunsm, wll bgn nly whr nd whn n ll-ut struggl bgns gnst ths ptty huskpng, r rthr, whn ts whlsl trnsfrmtn nt lrg-scl sclst cnmy bgns. Lnn, Grt Bgnnng n n th mncptn f Wmn, pp.65-66.

S prgrm ws bgun t stblsh mtrnty nd nursng hms, crchs, lundrs, mndng cntrs, cmmunl husng nd rsturnts. Th scp f ths prgrm ws brthtkng, but ts chvmnt ws unfrtuntly lmtd by th wknss f n cnmy rvgd by Wrld Wr 1 nd th cvl wr. (Fmnsts lk mmln Pnkhurst, wh supprtd mprlst ntrvntn t crush th rvlutn, thus cntrbutd t hldng bck rfrms tht wuld hv bnftd wmn.)

Th Blshvks wr ls cncrnd t brng wmn nt ldng rls n pltcl lf, s thy stblshd spcl schls nd prgrmms f prctcl nd pltcl trnng fr thm. Ntng tht wmn ftn vtd fr mn t rprsnt thm, th Blshvks clld n th svts nd thr bds t prcts srt f pstv dscrmntn, nd t lct wmn dlgts nd ffcls whrvr pssbl. n 1919, th Zhntdl ws st up t vrs nd ld ths wrk. Ths ws spcl sctn f th Cntrl Cmmtt scrtrt, hdd frst by nss rmnd nd ftr hr dth n 1920 by lxndr Kllnt. Lnn hd lwys ppsd sprt prty rgnstns fr wmn, rgung:

W drv ur rgnstnl ds frm ur dlgcl cncptns. W wnt n sprt rgnstns f Cmmunst wmn! Sh wh s Cmmunst blngs s mmbr f th Prty just s h wh s Cmmunst. Thy hv th sm rghts nd duts. Qutd by Clr Ztkn n My Rcllctns f Lnn, ppndx t Lnn, n th mncptn f Wmn, p.110.

Ths hs ftn bn ntrprtd s dwngrdng f th qustn f wmn's lbrtn, but ths s nt th cs. t s n fct n rgumnt gnst th ghttstn f wmn's wrk, whch shuld b th rspnsblty f th whl rgnstn, nd nt just n xtr burdn fr ts wmn mmbrs. Mr rcnt xprnc cnfrms Lnn's pstn. Hwvr, t tms spcl msurs my b ndd, s Lnn xplnd:

Th Prty must hv rgns - wrkng grups, cmmssns, cmmtts, sctns r whtvr ls thy my b clld - wth th spcfc purps f rusng th brd msss f wmn Ths nturlly rqurs tht w crry n systmtc wrk mng th wmn. W must tch th wknd wmn, wn thm vr fr th prltrn clss struggl nd qup thm fr t. Whn sy ths hv n mnd nt nly prltrn wmn, whthr thy wrk n th mlls r ck th fmly ml [but ls] th psnt wmn nd th wmn f th vrus sctns f th lwr mddl clss. Thy, t r vctms f cptlsm W must hv ur wn grups t wrk mng thm. spcl mthds f gttn, nd spcl frms f rgnstn. Ths s nt burgs fmnsm, t s prctcl rvlutnry xpdncy W cnnt xrcs th dcttrshp f th prltrt wthut hvng mllns f wmn n ur sd. Nr cn w ngg n cmmunst cnstructn wthut thm. W must fnd wy t rch thm. Ztkn, My Rcllctns f Lnn, pp.110-111.

Th Zhntdl ws thrfr nt sprt r utnmus wmn's rgnstn. (n fct, mny prty mn wrkd fr t.) t ws drctly rspnsbl t th ldrshp f th prty, mns f mplmntng prty plcy. Lcl brnchs f th Zhntdl wr ttchd t prty cmmtts t ll lvls. Th Zhntdl prducd nwsppr clld Kmmunstk (Cmmunst Wmn), hlpd rgns th cmmunl ktchns, nursrs nd lundrs, nd stblshd mchnsms t nbl wmn t ply ldng rls n pltcl lf. Ths nvlvd ltrcy prgrms, trnng wmn n th pltcl nd dmnstrtv sklls ncssry t run fctrs, srv n th svts nd unns r s ffcls, nd rgulr dlgts' ssmbls, whch by th md-twnts nvlvd vr hlf mlln wmn.

Nn f ths cm ut f th blu. Frm th bgnnng, th Russn Mrxsts (nd spclly th grup rund Lnn whch ltr bcm th Blshvks) hd pd cnsdrbl ttntn t th qustn f wmn. Thr rdng grups ncludd ngls' nd Bbl's bks s prt f th bsc ltrtur f Mrxsm, nd thr prgrm lwys ncludd scl nd cnmc dmnds md t mprvng th sttus f wmn. n th rly yrs f th twntth cntury, Lnn usd th ppr skr t rgns nd chr th Mrxsts n Russ. Thr pmphlts wr lwys ncludd wth th bundls f skr smuggld nt th cuntry - Ndzhd Krupsky's pmphlt Th Wmn Wrkr ws n f thm.

Lnn's bk n th dvlpmnt f cptlsm n Russ, wrttn n th 1890s, dvtd cnsdrbl spc t n xmntn f th cndtns f wmn, nd hs study ld hm t cnstntly mphss th mprtnc f nvlvng nd rltng t wmn. t ws usully Lnn wh nsrtd r mprvd cluss n wmn n th prty prgrm, fr xmpl ncrsng th lngth f mtrnty lv, shrtnng th wrkng dy fr nursng mthrs nd prvdng thm wth fr mdcl trtmnt. S Mtrls rltng t th Rvsn f th Prty Prgrmm n Lnn, n th mncptn f Wmn, pp.49-53. H ls nttd numbr f cngrsss spcfclly fr wmn. ddrssng th 1,147 dlgts t th Frst Cngrss f Wmn Wrkrs nd Psnts n 1918, Lnn md th fmus prnuncmnt: Rt ut ld hbts, vry ck must lrn t rul th stt. Qutd n ndrsn nd Znssr, p.299. (Th Russn wrd ck rfrs t wmn; mn wh ckd wr chfs.)

Kllnt ftn gts lt f th crdt fr th Blshvks' wrk n wmn, but ths s t bst n-sdd. Fr strt, t vrlks th mny thr wmn n th Blshvk prty wh cntrbutd t th wrk mng wmn. t ls undrrts th nflunc f ldng mn n th prty n th qustn. Th mg f Kllnt bttlng ln gnst th ntrnchd sxsm f th prty mn s grssly xggrtd. nvtbly, sh dd ncuntr sm bckwrd tttuds, but th fct rmns tht sh ws lctd t th Cntrl Cmmtt f th Blshvk Prty yr ftr jnng n 1915, nd sh ws gvn pst s cbnt mnstr ftr th rvlutn - th frst wmn n th wrld t chv such pstn. Kllnt hrslf pd prtculr trbut t Svrdlv, Trtsky nd bv ll Lnn, whs uthrty ws crucl n th frmtn f nd llctn f scrc rsurcs t th Zhntdl. t shuld b rmmbrd t tht th Blshvks wr dng spcl wrk mng wmn bfr Kllnt jnd thm, wth thr ppr Rbtnts (Wrkng Wmn). Krupsky, rmnd, K.N. Smlv, Klvd Nklvn nd nn Ulnv-lzrv wr mng th ldng Blshvk wmn nvlvd n ths wrk, but Lnn ws clsly ssctd wth t. ndd, th nttv fr sprt jurnl fr wmn cm frm Lnn, n 1913. (Russn wmn wrkrs hd bn rdclsd durng th 1905 rvlutn, nd hd bn n th frfrnt f mny struggls, dmndng mtrnty lv, nursrs n th fctrs nd n nd t sxul hrssmnt. Whn th clss struggl rvvd frm 1910 nwrds, wmn wr gn prmnnt. By 1913, th Blshvk ppr Prvd ws rcvng mr crrspndnc frm wrkng wmn thn t culd hndl, hnc Lnn's suggstn t publsh Rbtnts.)

Th Blshvk gvrnmnt md trmndus strt n crtng th pltcl bss fr wmn's lbrtn. Wht thy chvd n fw shrt yrs ws vndctn f ngls' thry nd Mrxsm gnrlly. Thy dd nt nd sprt fmnst thry t ntrduc th mst swpng mprvmnts n wmn's sttus n hstry; nr dd wmn nd n rgnstn sprt frm th prty t prss fr thr rghts. Th ld cm frm wthn th ldrshp f th Blshvk prty - frm th wmn nd mn wh wr th mst dvncd nd cmmttd rvlutnry Mrxsts f thr dy. Thr chvmnts wr lmtd, nt by lck f fmnst thry r lck f cmmtmnt t wmn's lbrtn, but by th pvrty nd bckwrdnss f th Russn cnmy. Gvn th dsprt cnmc cndtns tht prvld, t ws nt surprsng tht th Blshvks fll shrt f thr ms; nr tht mny wmn wr frcd by mtrl crcumstncs t clng t th scurty f th fmly.

Th rvlutn dftd

Th flur f rvlutns n th dvncd cuntrs sld th ft f th wrkrs' stt nd f Russn wmn. n dsprt ttmpt t buy tm, th Nw cnmc Plcy ws ntrducd n 1921, nd ths bdly ffctd wmn, wh wr mnly unsklld wrkrs nd thrfr suffrd mst frm unmplymnt, dspt gvrnmnt ttmpts t prtct thm. By th nd f th 1920s, nw rulng clss hd rsn undr Stln nd cnsldtd frm f burucrtc stt cptlsm. t s frm ths pnt tht w s qulttv chng: th gns md by wmn strt t b rlld bck s mttr f dlbrt gvrnmnt plcy rthr thn undr th frc f crcumstncs. Th prrty f th nw rulng clss ws cptl ccumultn t ctch up wth th wst. Ths mnt mssv ndustrlstn nd th dvrsn f rsurcs wy frm cnsumptn twrds prductn. t ls mnt th supr-xplttn f th wrkng clss. Wmn wr brught bck nt th wrkfrc, but thy lst prtctv lgsltn, mchnsms such s pcwrk rts md t mpssbl fr thm t rn s much s mn, nd mtrnty bnfts wr slshd. Chldcr cntnud t xst, nt t lbrt wmn frm th fmly, but t fcltt thr xplttn. ndd, n ssntl prjct f th Stlnst cuntr-rvlutn ws th strngthnng f th fmly, frcng bck nt wmn th rspnsblty fr huswrk nd chldcr. Thr ws sustnd ttck n Kllnt's ds but sxul frdm, whch vntully ntmdtd hr nt slnc. Kllnt's dvncd ds hd ftn mt wth crtcsm wthn th prty, prtculrly frm ldr mmbrs, ncludng Lnn, whs tttud t sx ws undubtdly purtncl by tdy's stndrds. But t s ncssry t drw dstnctn btwn th prsnl prjudcs f ndvduls nd prty plcy, whch ws unmbguusly fr sxul frdm. s th Blshvk Grgr Bkks wrt n 1923:

Th prsnt sxul lgsltn n th Svt Unn s th wrk f th ctbr rvlutn. Ths rvlutn s mprtnt nt nly s pltcl phnmnn whch scurs th pltcl rl f th wrkng clss. But ls fr th rvlutns whch vlvng frm t rch ut nt ll rs f lf [Svt lgsltn] dclrs th bslut nn-ntrfrnc f th stt nd scty nt sxul mttrs, s lng s nbdy s njurd nd n-n's ntrsts r ncrchd upn - cncrnng hmsxulty, sdmy nd vrus thr frms f sxul grtfctn, whch r st dwn n urpn lgsltn s ffncs gnst mrlty - Svt lgsltn trts ths xctly s s-clld nturl ntrcurs. Qutd n Jhn Lurtsn nd Dvd Thrsd, Th rly Hmsxul Rghts Mvmnt: 1864-1935, Tms Chng Prss, Nw Yrk 1974, p.64.

Th prjct f rstrng th fmly mnt clmpng dwn n sxul frdm. Stln's rgm tghtnd up mrrg nd dvrc lws, r-ntrducd lmny nd lws gnst hmsxulty, nd bnnd brtn. Th nd fr lbur ld t n bscn cult f th fmly nd mthrhd, wth wmn bng rwrdd wth mdls fr brng lts f chldrn nd puntv txs fr sngl ppl nd smll fmls. Th Zhntdl ws dsbndd n 1932 nd wmn wr rmvd frm pstns n th Rd rmy nd ldng pstns n th prty. Stln rgrdd ntllctul wmn n th prty s hrrngs wth ds. Btrc Frnswrth, Blshvsm, th Wmn Qustn nd lksndr Kllnt೔, p.204.

Just s th rlr vctrs fr wmn wr nsprbly td up wth th vctry f th wrkng clss, s th dft f th wrkng clss ls mnt dft fr wmn. Th r-stblshmnt f cptlst rltns f prductn ld nxrbly t th strngthnng f th fmly nd th spcl pprssn f wmn.

Th Russn xprnc ws rflctd n th Cmmunst Prts utsd Russ. Th frst thr cngrsss f th Cmmunst ntrntnl dscussd qustns rltng t wmn nd mphssd th mprtnc f brngng thm nt th prts nd cmbtng prjudc n th prts thmslvs nd n th wrkng clss. S Duncn Hlls, Th Cmntrn, Bkmrks, Lndn 1985, pp.51-53. f w lk t th ustrln Cmmunst Prty's ppr, Wrkrs' Wkly, r ts jurnl Th Cmmunst n th rly 1920s, w fnd rtcls dscussng th pstn f wmn n cptlst scty cmprd wth cmmunsm, rgung gnst ths wh ppsd th ntry f wmn nt ndustry, cmpgnng fr qul py nd cndmnng ths wh nly gv lp-srvc t sxul qulty.

Th CP fund n udnc nd rcrutd mng lft-wng fmnsts wh hd ppsd Wrld Wr . ustrln fmnsts hd splt vr th wr. Sm, lk thr cuntrprts n th Brtsh suffrgtt mvmnt, supprtd t nd hndd ut wht fthrs t cvln mn. Rs Sctt, Prsdnt f th Wmn's Suffrg Lgu nd th Pc Scty f NSW, ws prmnnt pr-wr fmnst. thrs ppsd wr n gnrl, but rfusd t tk stnd n ths prtculr wr. But thrs jnd th Wmn's Pc rmy, whch ppsd th wr nd, tk prt n th nt-cnscrptn cmpgn. S Krus nd Swrwn, Fmnsm nd Pcfsm: `Wmn's Sphr' n Pc nd Wr. Mny f ths wmn wr wn vr t cmmunsm nd plyd sgnfcnt rl n th CP. rprt frm th Mlburn brnch n 1925 ntd tht th nly sctn wth ny fght n thm s th wmn. Thy bt th mn n Mlburn by mls. Qutd n Tm 'Lncln, nt th Mnstrm: Th Dcln f ustrln Cmmunsm, Stnd Wttl Prss, Sydny 1985, p.46. n 1928, th CP st up Mltnt Wmn's Grups whch publshd pmphlts such s Wmn's Rd t Frdm nd mnthly ppr clld Wrkng Wmn. Th CP-ld Mnrty Mvmnt hd n ght-pnt wmn's prgrmm nd hld numbr f wmn's cnfrncs.

But by th md-1930s, th CP hd qut dffrnt fcus. Whl thy cntnud t d sm gd wrk, nd nvr dptd th cult f th fmly n ts grssst frm, Stlnst pltcs hd n mpct, prtculrly durng th prd f th Ppulr Frnts, whn Cmmunst Prts wr tryng t dmpn dwn clss dffrncs. Wrkng Wmn bcm Wmn Tdy nd mdlld tslf n mnstrm wmn's mgzns, cmplt wth fshn dvrtsmnts nd hushld hnts. fw yrs rlr, th ppr hd rfusd t publsh such thngs, xplnng:

Th Wrkng Wmn xsts fr th purps f hlpng ll wrkng wmn t s th ncssty t fght fr th mprvmnt f thr cndtns - nt t hlp th bss t furthr lwr thr stndrds nd ncrs hs prfts. Th wrkrs hv lwys bn frcd t cnms but thr s n nd fr thm t d t vluntrly nd tk prd n t. Qutd n 'Lncln, nt th Mnstrm, p.47.

Th trumph f Stlnsm n th lft ws lmst ttl. Cmmunst Prts rund th wrld bcm ssntlly gnts f th burucrtc stt cptlst rulng clss n Russ, thr plcs n vry qustn dcttd frm Mscw. Th fght fr wmn's lbrtn hd n plc n th Stlnst schm f thngs: vrythng hd t b subrdntd t th dfnc f th Svt Unn. Durng Wrld Wr , th CP jnd th mplyrs n ppsng py strks by wmn bcus thy undrmnd th wr ffrt. t Mlburn muntns fctry, th CP unn scrtry xhrtd th undrpd nd ngry wmn t rmmbr th bys n th trnchs. Th wmn shutd n rply: W knw ll but ur bys n th trnchs thy'r ur husbnds nd sns. Qutd n Jny Stn, Wmn n th Mtl Trds, Frnt Ln (ntrntnl Sclsts) n.5, Mlburn, Dcmbr, 1976. Dfyng thr unn ldrs, th wmn struck nd wn thr dmnds.

Stlnsm burd th Mrxst trdtn fr dcds. Trtsky nd hs tny grups f supprtrs struggld t kp lv th ds f rvlutnry Mrxsm, but ftr Trtsky's dth n 1940, th mvmnt h lft bhnd ncrsngly lst ts wy. sltd nd mrgnlsd, th Trtskysts wr prssurd by Stlnsm n th n hnd nd th mssv shft t th rght whch ccmpnd th pst-wr bm n th thr. Mst ndd up ccmmdtng t n r th thr, r dgnrtng nt sctrn rrlvncy.

Dspt ll ths dstrtns, hwvr, thr rmnd crtn lgcy n th lft f fghtng fr wmn's rghts. Thr wr n substntl wmn's mvmnts fr whl prd, yt wmn cntnud t fght vr ssus such s qul py nd brtn, nd ths cmpgns wr ftn ld by sclsts nsd nd utsd th Cmmunst Prts nd th unns.

Th Stlnst mnlth bgn t dsntgrt n th lt 1960s. Th vrtul rbrth f th rvlutnry lft ntrsctd wth rs f nw mvmnts, ncludng th wmn's lbrtn mvmnt. But th rvlutnry grups wr t smll nd pltclly dsrntd t rpdly r-stblsh th crdblty f gnun Mrxsm. Smtms thy wr sctrn twrds th nw mvmnts, t thr tms thy md t mny cncssns t thm. t hs tkn lng prcss f clrfctn nd dbt t rclm th Mrxst trdtn wth rgrd t wmn's lbrtn nd mk t fully rlvnt t tdy's struggls, nd th dbt s cntnung. But w cn b cnfdnt tdy tht ths trdtn s th nly frm bss n whch t mp ut strtgy fr th lbrtn f wmn, nd f humnty.

Nts


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