A role of the USA in the world politics
It is impossible to discuss a future role of the United States of America in the world without understanding the global processes that have been taken place in the world over the last several years.
|Рубрика||Иностранные языки и языкознание|
|Размер файла||4,0 K|
Отправить свою хорошую работу в базу знаний просто. Используйте форму, расположенную ниже
Студенты, аспиранты, молодые ученые, использующие базу знаний в своей учебе и работе, будут вам очень благодарны.
It is impossible to discuss a future role of the United States of America in the world without understanding the global processes that have been taken place in the world over the last several years. September 11, without doubt, was a break point event in these processes. First, it showed people a danger of an international terrorism. Second, the event brought about a confrontation between two different viewpoints on the development of world politics. On the one hand, politicians from many countries believe that any active actions to preserve world order must be organized only by United Nations. On the other hand, the United States is pushing forward its aggressive unilateral policy that is based only on Washington's (sometimes biased) understanding of the current international situation.
This US strategy was clearly demonstrated in Iraq. Now, after two and a half years of the war, the question must be asked if this policy achieved its goals. Did it bring a peace and stabilization in the post Sadam country? Yes, the military operation itself was a success. Actually, it was difficult to imagine any other result of that war considering that the conflict was between a mighty US and Iraq, a third level military power. Despite the military successes, this strategy did not produce desirable results. The USA cannot stabilize the situation, and the Iraqis continue to organize attacks against the US and coalition forces.
May be the USA had another reason to start the war? Some people (in Russia, anyway) believe that a real goal of US policy in the Middle East is to take under control a so-called the world's hydrocarbon ellipse. It is obvious, that a power controlling that region would become a master of the world in this century. Now, the USA is in much less favorable economical position than some other countries (potential America's enemies). So, the US efforts to extend its influence over that area are an attempt to liquidate this imbalance once and for all.
But this goal could hardly be achieved by military means. If the USA decided to occupy some other states in that area, they would surely face a guerrilla resistance, like in Iraq and Afganistan. History proved that the only way to suppress insurgency is a policy of mass terror, and I doubt that America will ever use it. The attempts to organize puppet democratic governments will fail too. Such regimes will be hated by the general population and overthrown as soon as US army leaves the country.
By the way, why did Bush's administration decide to occupy a sovereign country to fight international terrorism? What is the connection between an organized group of criminals and an independent state? Why not occupy Italy to fight the Italian Mafia?
I think that a Washington's current unilateral policy is useless and even dangerous. It is increased a general instability in the World. Iraq became a place that attracts terrorism from all over the globe. The wave of anti-Americanism grew up in the world, even in Western Europe, a traditional ally of the United States. The danger of a terrorist attack on the territory of the United States is even higher than itwas before the Iraq war. It seems that the only purpose of US actions is to remain the world's single superpower by any means.
I believe that the USA will not be able to continue its unilateral policy anymore because it goes against objective processes in the world economy and international relations. First of these processes is globalization that does make the world more and more interconnected and interdependent place. Another factor is a steady development of a multipolar world. I doubt that China would joint a unipolar structure and be obedient to US decisions. The EU would become another world's center of power. The political regimes in European countries are very close to American, so any military confrontations are very unlikely at this point. But an economical competition would be intense. I would say that the other war, between the euro and the dollar, is already on, and the dollar is loosing so far.
There is another potential threat to the USA. Only a few years ago, a dollar was almost equivalent to gold. People and businesses all over the world tried to keep their savings in dollars. A huge amount of American currency was accumulated in foreign countries. Now, when a dollar is getting cheaper, many try to get rid of it and buy euros. What would happen if all this dollar cash came back to the USA? India, Japan, and Russia will probably also try to make their influence on the world politics comparable with their economical potential.
Also, it is possible that the USA will return to the policy of partial isolationism to concentrate on its own problems. First, US troops should be withdrawn from Iraq. This action will greatly destabilize the situation in the Middle East, and Iraq, probably, will become a new center of Islamic fundamentalism. Islamic radicals will increase their activity and the situation will become very dangerous for many countries, but not for the USA. The terrorists simply could not reach the United States. It will be a real danger for the EU and Russia, American adversaries. In Russia the war could spread from Chechnya to the whole Caucasus region. In European countries the danger of terrorist acts would increase dramatically. Of course it would be terrible act (an immediate withdrawing of the troops) from a moral point of view, but the States have already shown several times that they care only about their own interests.
Money and troops released after the war would be used to protect borders. The threat of terrorist attack using a weapon of mass distraction is real, and the open boarders are the easiest way to get in the States. Boarders should be guarded not by overweight volunteers gathering around an American flag, but by elite troops. Some funds would be used to improve security services; I think they need more informers. The terrorists can strike only from inside of the United States. That is why the only way to fight them is to put everything in order in your own country.
In conclusion, no one can say how the world will look like even in the nearest future; we can only predict. One thing is clear, however, the future of the country directly depends on today's policy.
The profession of an interpreter is one of the most important and indispensable in the present-day business world. The translator - the obligatory participant of business negotiations of the companies. Role of the translator in literature development.
эссе [6,5 K], добавлен 09.09.2008
Oil prices in the world play an important role in each country’s economy, most of the countries with strong economies are less likely to benefit from low oil prices, as they are bringing less profit, causing more extra spending and environmental problems.
реферат [16,5 K], добавлен 16.11.2010
History of the English language, its causes and global distribution. His role in global communication between peoples and as a major business. Comparison of British and American dialects. Proof of the importance of their various teaching for pupils.
курсовая работа [119,7 K], добавлен 26.06.2015
Immigration as the action of foreigners passing or coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence. Important roles of immigration in the development of the United States. Several ways of immigration to the United States of America.
доклад [17,0 K], добавлен 12.01.2012
The relationship between Europe and Israel. Two Types of International Law. Double standards of United States of America at home and abroad, сriticism of it's foreign policy: support of dictatorships, imperialism, excessive militarism, arrogance.
реферат [28,0 K], добавлен 19.05.2010
Politics ukrainization, conducted by the bolsheviks. National and spiritual revival of Ukraine after the First World War. Proofs of regional revitalization movement. Museum of local traffic as a kind of excursion. Preferential tourist activities.
реферат [17,9 K], добавлен 10.05.2011
London is the British capital and one of the biggest cities in the world. He is situated upon both banks of the River Thames. Its population is about 7 million people. It consists of three parts: the City of London, the West End and the East End.
презентация [2,4 M], добавлен 06.12.2012
Congress of the United States the legislature of the United States of America. Congress exercises general legal control over the employment of government personnel. Political Parties and Congress. Senate one of the two houses of the legislature.
реферат [20,9 K], добавлен 02.02.2011
Physical Geography and climate of the USA. The civil and liberation wars in the USA. Causes of The Great depression and industrial revolution of USA. "Cold war" is in the United States: reasons and consequences. Public Holidays and Arts in the USA.
реферат [76,6 K], добавлен 20.06.2011
Spread in the world of English as a native and first spoken. The origins of the English from the invading Germanic tribes in Britain in the 5th century and up today, the change in pronunciation. English-speaking countries of the world; American English.
презентация [7,1 M], добавлен 09.03.2015