Woman as a writer
The biography of English writer Mary Evans. A study of the best pastoral novels in English literature of the nineteenth century. Writing a writer of popular novels, social-critical stories and poems. The success of well-known novels of George Eliot.
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Woman as a writer
From the very beginning of modern civilization, every era has been marked by some new development or energy genius. The eighteenth century was marked by speculation of philosophers and economists, which ends in the revolution. The nineteenth century was marked by scientific discoveries and inventions aimed at the practical and utilitarian purposes, and a beautiful development in the literature. This is the age novelists like the fifteenth century was the age of the artists. Now all read novels - bishops, politicians, judges, academics, as well as young men and women.
And what should I say about women novelists who at this age already made - women who swept the ground with the production of both good and bad; generally weak, penetrating into homes of the poor, rather than the palaces of the rich, and makes the fate of magazines and newspaper vendors, from Maine to California? But there are three women novelists who write in Russian, standing in this group of mediocrity that earned fair and well known - Charlotte Bronty, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Marian Evans, who goes by the name of George Eliot.
Marian Evans was born in Warwickshire. Her father, of Welsh descent, was originally a carpenter.
Miss Evans was sent to school in Nuneaton before she was ten, and then to a school in Coventry, she studied two ladies. Hair Evans had light brown hair wearing; Her figure was small, her head was massive, big mouth, her jaw square, pale complexion, blue-gray eyes, and her voice is rich and musical. She lost her mother at the age of sixteen, when it is most needed maternal advice, and then lived alone with his father until 1841. She was educated in the teachings of the Evangelical Church or lower. In twelve years, she taught Sunday school class; twenty wrote poetry, like most bright girls. The head master of a grammar school in Coventry taught her Greek and Latin, and Signor Brizzi gave her lessons in Italian, French and German; She also played the piano with great skill.
At the age of twenty-one to twenty-five by the time she became remarkably well educated woman, great conversational powers, it is interesting because of its intelligence, brightness and sensuality, but not for her personal beauty. It was even ugly; although many fans saw great beauty in her eyes and expression as her face lit up. literature eliot evans novel
During this period, she translated from the German "Life of Jesus", Strauss, Feuerbach's "The Essence of Christianity," and one of the works of Spinoza. For all its paganism, however, it has retained a sense of duty, and was devoted to her attention to her father until he died in 1849. She then went to the continent from Brays, seeing in most European countries, as well as the study of their language, customs and institutions. She lived the longest in the guest house near Geneva, amid scenes of famous works of Gibbon, Voltaire and Madame de Stall, in the view of the Alps, immersed in the theory of Saint-Simon and Proudhon, - believes it is necessary in the course of the race as a result of evolution, and not revelation or revolution.
Miss Evans returned to England about 1857 - in the year of the Great Exhibition - and shortly thereafter became a sub-editor of the "Westminster Review", at the time edited by John Stuart Mill, but then he meets John Chapman, the owner, whose house, in the Strand, she sat down. There she met with a large number of literary and scientific men of ultra-liberal, radical school, those who viewed themselves as more advanced thinkers of the era, whose goal was to destroy the belief in the supernatural and inspiration; among whom were John Stuart Mill, Francis Newman, Herbert Spencer, James Anthony Froude, GH Lewes,
It was then that the friendly affection Miss Evans and Mr Lewis matured in love and ended in scandal. Mr. Lewis was cozy, like Wilkes, was three years older than Miss Evans. He was her teacher and constant companion, and she went, as his wife; so it is likely that it has strengthened her mind that dreary pessimism that emerged in her later writings.
In addition to the transfers mentioned, the first literary experiments Miss Evans had her article in "Westminster Review" heavy quarterly, created to promote the philosophical radicalism. This review appeared from her pen an article on Carlyle's "Life of Sterling," "Madame de la Sabliire," "Evangelical teachings," "Heine", "Stupid novels novelists Lady," "The Natural History of German life," "Secularism and Unworldliness ", - all badly written, but with veins bitter sarcasm against the teachers of these doctrines, which it seemed to her that she has outgrown. Its connection to the" Browse "closed in 1853, when she left the house of Mr. Chapman and retired to a small house Cambridge Terrace, Hyde Park, at a modest but independent income. In 1854, she was again the continent with Mr. Lewis, spends his time mainly in Germany.
It was in 1857 that the first Miss Evans tales were published in the "Journal of Blackwood," when she was thirty-eight years, in the full maturity of her mind.
To describe the life of the Church was certainly a goal that Miss Evans had in mind in this and two other stories that soon followed.
After the publication of various novels related to agriculture and modest life of England, with which George Eliot was so familiar, in which she entered with sympathy, and she so wonderfully portrayed, she took a new direction, entering the field, with which it was not so familiar, and she could only learn from books. The result was "Romola", the most ambitious and, in some respects, the most remarkable of all its products.
They mislead readers about important issues, and they are not as interesting as the masterpieces of Macaulay and Froude. Nevertheless, they have their uses. They provide a basic knowledge of the great heroes of those who will not read the story. Golf history is too vast for the ordinary people who have no time for extensive reading, even if they have an addiction.
The great historical figure that George Eliot wrote in "Romola» Savonarola is. It makes religion Florentine reformer by agreement with the notions of self-denial. It makes him preach "religion of humanity", which was, of course, were not taught in his time.
But Savonarola only a secondary character in the novel. He might as well have been left completely. This hero and heroine Romola and Tito; and they are identified with the life of the period, which is a Renaissance - a movement more pagan than Christian.
If "Romola" has disadvantages, it has remarkable superiority. In this book, George Eliot strives to be a teacher of ethics and philosophy. It is not humorous, but deeply serious and thoughtful.
Three years passed between the publication of "Romola", and that of the "Felix Holt," which shows what strain of the mind of George Eliot was subjected to in the development of the historical novel. Now it returns to its peculiar area in which it has made great progress, and with which she was familiar, and yet even in its own field we lack the genius of mankind today and unique humor of her earlier novels. In "Felix Holt," it has to do with social and political issues on which there is a big difference opinions.
The most powerful part of the story description of remorse that so often accompanies illicit love, also painted in splendid majestic, stern, unbending, aristocratic Mrs. Transome. None of the novels of George Eliot does not open more beautiful than "Felix Holt," although there are the usual disappointment with the closing of the readers. "Felix Holt" was published in 1866, and it was five years ago, "Middlemarch" It turned out - a very long novel, is considered by some to be the best that George Eliot wrote, read fifteen times, he said, the Prince of Wales. The this novel, the author seems to have been ambitious to maintain its glory. She did not like Trollope, dash off three novels a year, and all the same. She did not write mechanically, like a man grinds at the mill.
The overall impression on the mind when reading "Middlemarch" Sad and disappointing. It displayed a mixed stoicism, humanism, agnosticism, Buddhism and author. She draws a "noble natures fight, trying vainly against the current poor kind of world did not believe in the invisible rock higher than themselves, to whom they might beg to be raised."
In the next five years, George Eliot made "Daniel Deronda" the last and most unsatisfactory of her great novels written in ill health and exhaustion of the nervous energy as it passes through the shadow of the evening of her life. In this work, it is certainly tried to make it better; but it can not always outdo themselves, more than could be Scott or Dickens.
"Theophrastus Such," the latest work of George Eliot, not a novel, and a number of sketches of characters, full of unusual bitterness and withering sarcasm. Thackeray wrote nothing so harsh. This is one of the most cynical of books ever written, man or woman. In 1878, George Eliot companion lost her literary life. Yet two years after the age of fifty-nine, she surprised his friends by marrying John Walter Cross, a man much younger than herself. No one can understand this mystery. But Mrs. Cross for a long time not to use the felicities of marriage. For the six months of her marriage, after a pleasant trip to the continent, she took cold at a concert Sunday in London; and 22 December 1880, she died from the earth to join her "choir invisible", whose thoughts have enriched the world.
The question for us to settle is not that George Eliot, as a writer is immortal, but whether it will provide the services that appreciate her country and humanity. It certainly has enriched English literature. She has a deep interest and instructed her generation. Thousands and hundreds of thousands, owe her a debt of gratitude for it gave them. How many idle hours she beguiled! What felt artistic pleasure she gave them as those who painted beautiful pictures! As already noted, we read the description and nature of rural life as we consider masterpieces of Hogarth and Wilkie.
Thus, as a teacher of morality and philosophy of George Eliot does not use the authority. We doubt any moral wealth of wisdom, which is not in harmony with the truths that the Christian people consider fundamental, and which they believe will save the world. In some ways, she taught important lessons. She illustrated the power of conscience and the sanctity of debt. It was a great preacher of the doctrine that "Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." It showed that those who do not check and control the first release of willpower, in nine cases out of ten, falling hopelessly.
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