, . Opaa po oa-o. eee popaoo eeee oa-oa a epe o. pep ao e. .

,
24.06.2011
655,9 K

. ,

, , , , .

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30

ep p P eep

eepe e p

"eep- pe ee epe"

ep p

p p

e: e ep e

" pe p"

P :

e p - 081

ee epe epee

pep:

. . ., e ..

p, 2011

oepae

  • 1. eopeea a
  • 1.1 Oepaoa ea. Opeeee
  • 1.2 aa O o pae aa poa
  • 1.2.1 Opaa po oa-oa
  • 1.2.2 eee popaoo eeee oa-oa a epe o
  • 1.2 aoa ea
  • 1.3.1 Oa oe aoo e
  • 1.3.2 opeee apep ao e
  • 2. Aaea a
  • 2.1 Oe ee o ap pepa
  • 2.2 poepoae oo ap pepo
  • ae
  • o oe oo

1. eopeea a

1.1 Oepaoa ea. Opeeee

Oepaa a, op. O (a. operating system, OS) - oe pa opaaa popa, oope, oo opo, a aepe e poa eo e pa popaa, a po opo - peaae pae poa, pae e poea, eoo papeee e pepo e e poea opaa a e. o opeeee peo o opee O oeo aae.

oeo ppe o eo e O aae ooee e poa poapepo, a o , ooo, oe (poe) popopaa - oo opo - pa popaa po.

Papaoa popaoo oeee O ooe apapoa o eae peaa opoa po, peoa ao eoo aop

oe e e O e ooo, aoee ao (a oa eeo) a eoo O

Ooe , oope oe O:

oee o apo popa e oaoo eeap (opoe) e, oope o oa popa ao pea o o e popaa (o o a, a oaoa p popa, eee oooee ooeo a p.).

apa popa oepa a oee.

aapoa o epep poa (poa oa-oa).

paee oepao a (papeeee e poea, opaa pao a).

paee oo a a epoea oe (a a , oee p.), opaoa o o aoo ee.

Oeeee ooaeoo epea.

eee oepa, oepa ea ee poooo.

ooee :

apaeoe eoapaeoe oee aa

eoe papeeee pepo eo e e poea.

Papaee oa pa poeo pepa.

Opaa a e (eooo ooo eoo poea aepeo o oe o a e po poee), ooaa a papae oa pepa.

aoee e poea: oe a, aa poa.

aa ao e, a ae ooae a popa o e ooaee (oaepe o ea) poe.

ooooae pe pao papaee pa oa

1.2 aa O o pae aa poa

aoee ae aa:

Opaa apaeo pao po / poeopa

oaoae opoe oea poae a

Paeee po a e poea

Oeeee ooo oeoo epea e poa oao a e

oepa paoopa po ooo pooo oae

aea apa pa paepo

oepa eo ao e

oepa po apo oepa /

1.2.1 Opaa po oa-oa

ea Opaa po oa-oa

poa oa-oa e a a a: o-opepoae poa a-opepoae poa. o-opepoae poa pa opa oa poaoo paepa, a oop ee o oe ape. aoe papopaeoe o-opepoaoe poo - . a - opepoae poa e apee e oo poo oepa oa, o eepp ope oeoaeo ao. pepa epa, poe pep, eee aaep.

Opaa popaoo oeee oa-oa

e po e eao o po. popa e oe ae o oo, ae oa ae oo a eoo a

Eoopaoe eoa, o e eoa po o p ee paa

Opaoa oo

ooae op (po) eop (apo) epea.

Ooa e opaa popaoo oeee oa-oa oo pae eo a eoo poe, pe e po oeea papoae ooeoe aapap o ep, a e, o oepe, oeea o epe ooaee.

Oe o ee eao o po e e eoopaoo eoa, o e eoa po o p ee paa.

p a opoo popaoo oeee oa-oa e opaoa oo. ooe oop, o ee opaaa a oo e aapape. E opoep oapae o e, o o oe oa ee oppepoa. E e o e e ae, o paee oo oe a paep poa. oe o o ea p oop oa oe oepa oa-oa, apep, o, ae ae o a ooa e a e. oo e poe e oe pa oo, o ooae o oe epe po.

Ee o eo opo - o ooae op (po) eop (apo) epea. oo oepa eoo oa-oa oe apoo - poeop aae epea epeo a p pao, oa e aae pepae.

1.2.2 eee popaoo eeee oa-oa a epe o

Po 2.2.1 eee popaoo oeeee oa-oa a epe o

Opaoa pepa,

paep po,

ea o po o oepaoo e,

ooae o popaoo oeee.

paep po

e a o poa o oeae paep poa. a paep pae poa ooo a , oe , ooo aa.

oepaoo ee oo paep poa ae o ope ooeo aoo-o poa. apep, oo paep a ee eo opoa, eopa, pa, peee aoe oo p aopa, oeea pa pao a.

ea o po o oepaoo e

oa a popaoo oeee oa-oa e eao o po. oa paa e paepa ea o po popaa opeee eo, a a eoope , oope o peaoa ea ooo, eeo oe e paepo oe eo o p pa.

eaoo o po o : oeeee oeo epea paepa po, eoae po, aa po, oeeee eaoo paepa oa, epa, papeeee a a o-opepoa poa, papeeee oooee ee po, eoee o oa.

ooae o popaoo oeee, eaoo o po o

o oa a popaoo oeee oa-oa ao p O, eoopa eo a oep oea, ae ooae popaa. ee o, ae o oa-oa, oo ea oe poepa.

po aeope popaoo oeee oa-oa e oea a (spooling). - o oo pao ee poa popao ee.

eaoo o po o:

oeeee oeo epea paepa po,

eoae po,

aa po,

oeeee eaoo paepa oa,

epa,

papeeee a a o-opepoa poa,

papeeee oooee ee po,

eoee o oa.

oa a popaoo oeee oa-oa e eao o po. oa paa e paepa ea o po popaa opeee eo, a a eoope , oope o peaoa ea ooo, eeo oe e paepo oe eo o p pa.

1.2 aoa ea

aoa ea - o a oepaoo e, aaee oopo oo o, o oee ooae o epe p paoe a, pa a e, oee oeoe ooae ao eo ooae poea.

poo e oe "aoa ea" ae: ooo e ao a e,

aop pp a, oe pae aa, ae, apep, a aao ao, epop ao, a papeee oooo aoo popaa a e,

oe e popa pe, pea paee aa, ao: oae, oee, ee, a, eoae, o pe oepa a aa.

aoa ea

ea ao

ao: oe a, eae a, a-aao

oea opaa aa

ea opaa ape aa

paa oa a

poae a

a a pa o: oe a, eae a, a-aao.

Oe a o oepe opae a eoe oe. eoe a oo po oo, peae ASCII-oe. oe a e o ASCII-o, o ao e o pe pp, apep, oe o popa ap a. e oepaoe e o e paoaa o o ao - oee oee a.

eae a - o a, aopoae poa oa-oa, oope oo ooae o oepa oa-oa, o oe oa a a e aa. eae a, ae a poa oa-oa, e a o-opepoae a-opepoae.

aao - o, oo opo, pa ao, oee ooaee o eoop oopae (apep, a, oepae popa p, a, oae o popa ae), a po opo - o a, oepa e opa o pe ao, eo oa. aaoe oep o ao, o eo, aaae ooee e aa apaepa (apa).

pa ao ea o ooa aee apo pae apaep, apep: opa o papeeo oe, apo oa a, aee aa, oae aa, pa "oo e", pa "p a", pa "e a", pa "ap a", pa "o/o", pa "pee" (a oe aepe poea), pa opo, a a, aae a eoe oe a, a a, peea oa, oeeo oa oeeo ee, e paep aa, aa paep aa.

aao o eopeeo oepa ae apaep ao, a o eao aoo ee MS-DOS, a a a, oepae apaep, a o peaoao O UNIX. aao o opaoa epape pp a e oo, o aao oee oo po oe o aao oee ooo po.

oea a - o ae ee a, oop oe oeppoa popa p oee e poo. ao ea O UNIX MS-DOS a ee poe oe pp - oeoaeo ooao ae.

ea opaa aa oae paa paooe aa a poe ee a, ao a e. a oo e ae - oo. o - aea ea a, oopo eee poo oeae oepao a.

Opee paa oa a - a opee aoo ooae aop oepa, oope o oe pe ao a.

1.3.1 Oa oe aoo e

opoae o aoo e oo pea oopoeo oe

Po 1.3.1.1 oa oe aoo e

Paa a oo ooa opeee pa oa:

pae o, oa aoo aa aoo ooae a aee oe opee oe oepa;

aa oo, oa ea aee ooae opeee paa o ooe ao paeeo pep ( ao ae a) ao o oo, ao pe ooae oee.

eoop ao ea apo e poa, oop apea oee oa (, e), epeaa poeo popa oe-oeo epa. oea epa peae oo ep , paoaa oepao a, oe popa, pa o. oea epa paoae o p -a.

1.3.2 opeee apep ao e

Papao o oepao e pe oee ooae ooo paoa pa eo ao ea

Po 1.3.2.1 - opeee apep ao e

oa aoa ea ee oopoe pp, a epe poe oopo paoaae a aae epeae ao e ( Windows 95, apep, ao epeae aae aaae eepo aoo e - installable filesystem manager, IFS). O oeeae epe e apoa poe opeo aoo eo, oopo opaae o poee. epeae ao e peopae apo opa, opae e poe - poe ao e.

a ooe po ao e oe e paepa ooee aoo e oepae opeee opaa aoo e. epeae e ee oe, oop oe opaa paep aoo e.

oe o paep ao e opaa oee oa-oa, opae e o aoo e oo apep.

2. Aaea a

2.1 Oe ee o ap pepa

ap pep (Dot-Matrix-Printer) - ape e pee o pepo, ope 1964 o opopae Seiko Epson.

p pao apoo pepa e. opaee oppe oo eaae oo, oopa peae oo o a pa epao paooe o oo (oaa apa), po ee epoaa. ooa aaae a paee epeae opoo o a, p o o oe pee ap epe pa e o ae, opp oeoe opaee. o pepo aae SIDM (a. Serial Impact Dot Matrix - oeoaee apo-ape pep).

e pep 9, 12, 14, 18 24 oa ooe. Oooe papopaee o 9- (eee oe) 24- oae pep. aeo ea opo paeo ea a o a oo: oe oo - oe oe. aeo ea 9- oa pepa ae p ea opa e o, a a epe pooa eaae oo o eaaeo po. oee aeea pa ea oeeae 24-oa pepa, aae LQ (a. Letter Quality - aeo e a). Oao pep e oo oee opooo, o eee ae, a ae aea e po eaa ooo peae opeeee po.

e oopoe ee ape pep, oop oe 4 ea CMYK ea. ea ea poo eee e ep- ooeo eaae oo.

epeee pae e oe epeao ea, o ee ape. a epeeee ape oeae aoo ae. Ee o aoo ae oeae a epeeee aooopoo aa. eo oo opo ea ap pepo eoa. ao o paoo aea ea oe pepa opo ea oae o 10 o 60 e a pa. opo ea ap pepo epe CPS (a. characters per second - oa e).

ape pep oopoa pee a (epo) pae a, oe o epoaoo oepa. Oe a eopo pepo oae o 4 o 64 a. o e oe, ee o oe a (apep, Seikosha SP-2415 ee ep paepo 175 a).

2.2 poepoae oo ap pepo

ape pep oa eo o aepa oo (poe, opoe, aooe) eo apaa ep (pe, opaop, p p.). oo opoo e a aao. ae p aa poe.

Oae poe po pa ooo aoae poe pepa o oe oo pee. Oao e ea aap aop oo oaoe opoee oo ea. Ooeo o apaepo oeo eapoaoo apaepa, pe eoop ee ao (apep, oo poo p aoa aao, oe ooae eopae eeo, ao apa aa o ..). ae ee oa pepa peapae ooo oppoa eoa oo, opae oepao a pepa opoee oe ea. p oooo a aa apae.

apaee p ao o oo oe paee oa oepa a pepa o opoo oo o oa eeo eaa (o e a pepa) o oea ap oepa a pepa oa poo pa.

poepoae opoeee poo ep oo e ao:

1. aaa opaae pa, opa ep.

2. aee paa ae, eooe oa po.

3. ae ae oa oepa a pepa oae oa opeee oo.

4. pep ae oaa aeaa a ep eo o, oop o opoo ooe oae oo e oa ooo a.

Paop ea oppoa oo a pepe pepa Epson LX1050. o ap pep ee eaa oo 24 oa oe opoo o eo pea. ao peo oae oppoae oo oo ap pao p o (aa 2). aa pa oo - 5.

aa 2 - aa ooe paepo ap pea pepa

Pe

pa

oa

Draft

9

24

LQ pica

29

24

LO elite

23

24

LQ semi-. condensed

15

24

LQ proportional

37

24

Draft super subscript

7

16

LQ super subscript

23

16

LQ prop, super subscript

23

16

Paep ap opoee oo

ooee oo ea oo A

oepa oo

* * * * * * * * * *

1

* * * * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

2

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

3

* * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

4

* * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

5

* * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

6

* * * * * * * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

7

* * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

8

* * * *

* * * * * * * * * *

9

* * * *

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

oepa o

oepa o

Po 2 - pep oppoa ap ea oa "A"

o peae oo ap, oopo ee e ooe ae oa, a ee - aae. aa apa oe aopoaa. ao poe ap poe oep. e po ap pa a p p, p ao oop epa oope. a oe ap ope pe aa, ooe oo p po. aee aoo pe ao, op oe, opeee o, poeo poa, a epeee oop a oo paee a"*" (po 2).

poe opoaoo oa eeo a oa, eooo aa p apaepa, opee p oa eo ooee ooeo p oo p ea. a apaepo peee oa eeo a oa aae ao opa. ep apaep (m0) opeee paoe ea, opo apaep (ml) - p aoo oa, pe apaep (m2) - paoe paa o p oo.

p oa oa oeo ooo (ml), opa o, oee popao (m0+ml+m2). aaeoe oo, e o pea ae, peae ae 3.

aa 3 - aa ooe ae oea ooo oeo popaa pea pepa

Pe

ml

m0+ml+m2

Draft

9

12

LQ pica

29

36

LO elite

23

30

LQ semi-. condensed

15

24

LQ proportional

37

42

Draft super subscript

7

12

LQ super subscript

23

36

LQ prop, super subscript

23

42

ooe oe oaeo aa paapae peo apoo pepa e LQ semi-. condensed, eoaeo, apa ee paep p 15 o o 24 oo. p oo o oa ea (m0) paa (m2) epe pa oa, oee popao oa m0+ml+m2=2+15+2=19, o e peae aaoo ae 24.

o a oae oa ooe oo, eooo oa a pep aop oa, aa pe, oep oa apaeoo oa, p aa oeo oa oa (m0, ml, m2) a oa oo ap. ae oepa oo poep a pepe o poe.

aae a po pao o poepoae oe a poe:

. e.18 06 1991.

poepoae oa "0"

1. a eoo oe 1524 opaae pa poepeoo oa, ae a ee ooe poepe apa (Po 1)

2. a oe ap ope pe aa (aa 4).

aa 4 - aee op ao ap oa "0"

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

a1

0

0

255

255

255

7

7

7

7

7

255

255

255

0

0

a2

0

0

255

255

255

0

0

0

0

0

255

255

255

0

0

a3

0

0

255

255

255

224

224

224

224

224

255

255

255

0

0

Po 1 - apa oa "0"

3. ae oepa a pepa epeae ae, ae oo ep, oae oaa ea poepoaoo oa (poee1).

poepoae oo "1", "6", "8", "9", oee aao opao.

peeo aa poepoa pee poe 1.

poepoae oa "1"

aa 4 - aee op ao ap oa "1"

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

a1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

255

255

255

255

255

0

0

a2

0

0

128

128

128

128

128

128

255

255

255

255

255

0

0

a3

0

0

1

3

7

19

35

67

127

255

255

255

255

0

0

Po 4 - apa oa "1"

peeo aa poepoa pee poe 2.

poepoae oa "6"

aa 5 - aee op ao ap oa "1"

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

a1

0

0

255

255

255

15

15

15

15

15

255

255

255

0

0

a2

0

0

255

255

255

60

60

60

60

60

65

65

65

0

0

a3

0

0

255

255

255

224

224

224

224

224

224

224

224

0

0

Po 5 - apa oa "6"

peeo aa poepoa pee poe 3.

poepoae oa "8"

aa 6 - aee op ao ap oa "8"

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

a1

0

0

126

255

231

135

135

7

135

135

231

255

126

0

0

a2

0

0

0

0

128

231

255

255

255

231

128

0

0

0

0

a3

0

0

127

255

231

192

192

191

192

192

231

255

127

0

0

Po 6 - apa oa "8"

peeo aa poepoa pee poe 4.

poepoae oa "9"

aa 7 - aee op ao ap oa "8"

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

a1

0

0

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

15

255

255

255

0

0

a2

0

0

240

240

240

112

112

112

112

112

255

255

255

0

0

a3

0

0

255

255

255

224

224

224

224

224

255

255

255

0

0

Po 7 - apa oa "9"

peeo aa poepoa pee poe 5.

ae

oe pao a eopeeo a poo pao a ea ooea epapa o eoao opoa oepao e. Oooe ae o eeo oe a O.

oee aaeo a poo pao ooo a oa pae eaa poa. opoo e p pao apoo pepa, ea ea oe ep, pae oa, ooe oe o oo a ea. oe paee a pape aaoa oe ea oo e oppoa eoa ao, opoa oa oa a pep aopa pa oa. aae popa a e BASIC ooo o e oo poe ae opeo o, o popapoae eo.

a a e oea oaea aaa - oppoae o oo, papaoa oa ap oepa a pepa popa, peae o a oo a ea - oea e papao aepa oo, oa o a poe (18 06 1991), peaa eoo popa oo a e BASIC.

o oe oo

1. a .., oopopa .. eoee aa oe poo pao o e "eoao oepao e" eo eao 090105 "oeoe oeeee opaoo eoao aoapoa e", apoo 2006-05-15

2. opeee oepaoe e.. aea, 3-e . - .: ep, 2010.

3. opoo .. eoe appoae a 100 % (+CD). - .: ep, 2006. - 256 .

4. opaoe e oe: e. ooe /A.. Poao, . E. Oo-.: o e, 2006.

5. .. Oep, . A. Oep "eee oepaoe e" ep: e o. aeo: ep, 2008 . ISBN 978-5-91180-528-9

6. e .. eopeee oo oepo eoao - .: Pao , 2000.

7. op . SOLARIS. Pooo eoo apaopa.3-e . - .: ep, 2003. - 448 .

8. eoe popaoe oeeee. /.. e,A. E. o.,2-e, epepa. o. - .: . ., 1999 .

9. ooea opaa: e. ooe /.. Eo-a: . "p ", 2003.

10. Paoa a oepe. op . - .: EP. 2005

poee 1

oa a ea oa "0" a e BASIC

1000 LPRINTCHR$ (27); "xl";

1010 LPRINT CHR$ (27); "&"; CHR$ (0); CHR$ (31); CHRS (31);

1020 RESTORE 1540

1030 FORN=31 TO 31

1040 READ LS: LPRTNT CHR$ (LS);

1050 READ CW: LPRTNT CHR$ (CW);

1060 READ RS: LPRTNT CHR$ (RS);

1070 FOR M=l TOCW*3

1080 READ MM

1090 LPRINT CHR$ (MM);

1100 NEXT M

1110 NEXTN

1540 'Symbol'

1550 DATA 2,11,2

1560 DATA 0,0, 0,0, 0,0, 0,0, 255,255,1580 DATA 255,255, 255,0, 0,0, 0,128, 128,128,1590 DATA 128,128, 128,255, 255,255, 255,255, 0,0,1600 DATA 0,0, 1,3, 7, 19, 35,67, 127,255,1610 DATA 255,255, 255,0, 0,

poee 2

oa a ea oa "1" a e BASIC

1000 LPRINTCHR$ (27); "xl";

1010 LPRINT CHR$ (27); "&"; CHR$ (0); CHR$ (31); CHRS (31);

1020 RESTORE 1540

1030 FORN=31 TO 31

1040 READ LS: LPRTNT CHR$ (LS);

1050 READ CW: LPRTNT CHR$ (CW);

1060 READ RS: LPRTNT CHR$ (RS);

1070 FOR M=l TOCW*3

1080 READ MM

1090 LPRINT CHR$ (MM);

1100 NEXT M

1110 NEXTN

1540 'Symbol'

1550 DATA 2,11,2

1560 DATA 0,0, 255,255, 255,15, 15,15, 15,15,1580 DATA 255,255, 255,0, 0,0, 0,255, 255,255,1590 DATA 60,60, 60,60, 60,65, 65,65, 0,0,1600 DATA 0,0, 255,255, 255,224, 224,224, 224,224,1610 DATA 224,244, 224,0, 0,

poee 3

oa a ea oa "6" a e BASIC

1000 LPRINTCHR$ (27); "xl";

1010 LPRINT CHR$ (27); "&"; CHR$ (0); CHR$ (31); CHRS (31);

1020 RESTORE 1540

1030 FORN=31 TO 31

1040 READ LS: LPRTNT CHR$ (LS);

1050 READ CW: LPRTNT CHR$ (CW);

1060 READ RS: LPRTNT CHR$ (RS);

1070 FOR M=l TOCW*3

1080 READ MM

1090 LPRINT CHR$ (MM);

1100 NEXT M

1110 NEXTN

1540 'Symbol'

1550 DATA 2,11,2

1560 DATA 0,0, 255,255, 255,15, 15,15, 15,15,1580 DATA 255,255, 255,0, 0,0, 0,255, 255,255,1590 DATA 60,60, 60,60, 60,65, 65,65, 0,0,1600 DATA 0,0, 255,255, 255,224, 224,224, 224,224,1610 DATA 224,224, 224,0, 0,

poee 4

oa a ea oa "8" a e BASIC

1000 LPRINTCHR$ (27); "xl";

1010 LPRINT CHR$ (27); "&"; CHR$ (0); CHR$ (31); CHRS (31);

1020 RESTORE 1540

1030 FORN=31 TO 31

1040 READ LS: LPRTNT CHR$ (LS);

1050 READ CW: LPRTNT CHR$ (CW);

1060 READ RS: LPRTNT CHR$ (RS);

1070 FOR M=l TOCW*3

1080 READ MM

1090 LPRINT CHR$ (MM);

1100 NEXT M

1110 NEXTN

1540 'Symbol'

1550 DATA 2,11,2

1560 DATA 0,0, 126,255, 231,135, 135,7, 135,135,1580 DATA 231,255, 126,0, 0,0, 0,0, 0,128,1590 DATA 231,255, 255,255, 231,128, 0,0, 0,0,1600 DATA 0,0, 127,255, 231, 192, 192, 191, 192, 192,1610 DATA 231,255, 127,0, 0,

poee 5

oa a ea oa "9" a e BASIC

1000 LPRINTCHR$ (27); "xl";

1010 LPRINT CHR$ (27); "&"; CHR$ (0); CHR$ (31); CHRS (31);

1020 RESTORE 1540

1030 FORN=31 TO 31

1040 READ LS: LPRTNT CHR$ (LS);

1050 READ CW: LPRTNT CHR$ (CW);

1060 READ RS: LPRTNT CHR$ (RS);

1070 FOR M=l TOCW*3

1080 READ MM

1090 LPRINT CHR$ (MM);

1100 NEXT M

1110 NEXTN

1540 'Symbol'

1550 DATA 2,11,2

1560 DATA 0,0, 15,15, 15,15, 15,15, 15,15,1580 DATA 255,255, 255,0, 0,0, 0,240, 240,240,1590 DATA 112,112, 112,112, 112,255, 255,255, 0,0,1600 DATA 0,0, 255,255, 255,224, 224,224, 224,224,1610 DATA 255,255, 255,0, 0,

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