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- 1905- . . . . . .

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Coepae

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1. Pcco-oca oa a poo peo 1905-o oa

2. epa poccca peo

2.1 opaee pcco-oco oe peoo pc

2.2 oe peoooo e

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Cco cooao epap

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oe 19-aae 20 . Pocc co ce co poea, a cap, a o, eeo, o epeo aac peo.

Cape poe - ooee apapo ceope, coeec opeopeoe pe, o, o oo ac co peopa peopaoa Co.

oe poe - ooee poeo ceope: ceepoccco oo ca epaa.

c ca epaa, pcca poeoc eeooaaac oepeo oepo oea -- oea, caa, epecc.

1900-1903 . Pocc ecec p pa cpaa epeae eco pc, a epepooco. O aac cpeoo ae e aocoe po pe e eeepeo copae pooca.

ceo a o pca apoc ooo pex c px cpex pep. e e poe, oope oe o ecoo ope a ae, aa peeoe acee a paapaox, aeo oa poe caa.

eo o pca, oep oe cox eax aoea, poeapa peoopec; eocpee aeo caec e cepo coa-eopao; ca ce ae popea oec xapaep.

ac pepaco ea aac po ecoo a oaoea.

eo o ocaoe caa poccc cp pex e (c 1902) e aapo ecaa ocaoa ee (1846--1904) ecee (ap 1904) c eepao Aecee poa co ae pa, ca ocec pao: "o epa peo, a a aea oeooca oa. " . . ee e aac o c oe.

a opao, paeco xoeo oe ae acee cpa o poaa coe pee o.

, pcco-oca oa ecaa Pocc aeo, oeooco.

eco pax, oop oepe poccca ap o oe peooe acpoe cpae o pae o e.

oe - oa, oopa oa a cac o peo, pap ocao, caa aaaopo peoox poecco.

1. Pcco-oca oa a poo peo 1905-o oa

Coa cpa pex e Pocc .. ee poo ec: "o epa peo, a a aea oeooca oa". xcoax a paa: peo Pocc ao apeaa oeooca oa oacepa peo, a opaee oe p. oca paaac ae, e xoeoc caoepa. eaa pcco-oca oa ooapeo, a co oepe peo copa opaeePocc.

26 1904 - . 1905 , . . - , , - XX . , , , . 

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, , , - , , . , , , , , - . XIX , , .

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C aao o o ce Pocc poaac oa cxx apoecx aeca, a oope c e. ae ececo coooce coece aep o coxcxoo oe ece e op c ee a oe, ap xpa!, a ceo epe ec oce aaa o ce ee-ocoaco o o oaeo peoa opa ac oapxa, opoa o ea apoec oeo accax. 

poe, copo acpoe peo ec, o e apo e a ec peoa pepa e o oe apec paeca. ea po o cpa oooe oecec apee epa, eooe cee Pocc. oc ocapaac epaa pecca, paaa aca ea pcco ap. a, o aoec aec cpae p oe aeax ca a o oo oopo papoe, xo a oep ee, e oce, a ocaoo oo ope, eoca a oe o oooop.

o c pao opaae acopoc, c oopo ac pac cae ec paaap ac pe apooo oep. aeee eco: cpae oxa epa peo, aaaopo oopo caa eaa oa. c, a oope oe oa II (op oc, eaa ap pocoo, oea ep x aee pec, ocaa eoopx cpo ..), a pe xop oe, o oo e oeop. apo, o oaa aoc oapx e ecocooc epa ap. eopcco-oca oa, epee, e o x ocpe pcco oeceooaeo oopa oepe oapx, o oeo cee peo paoo poao ce, ooaeo oe Poccc ep 1917-. , aepoe, e p eoope cae-aac pa o c oe aece o pa peao aepao cop Pocc. o x epc, ec aoc ooe oe, aee co o o coce o-po cpaa eaa opce.

ace ceoxoa cop caa po, oc e, o oa oa aoc oee aooo Pocc, coac poeccoae cop. a, o e poeccopa Cepe ooa, oecoepoococpa oopooc c aao px epeoopo, aec pa coe ap oe. e 1905-opcce oc aeoo epeeca a poo. o aoe-o apaoae a o o pacc ocoo oo cee oca oopee. a Cacx ox o cocpeooeo o ooa coa, oeo x oopx o ecoe. poocoa oca ppoa ea ocaa pexco c eoe, e oa copac, aca oca oa. oooce ce ap oo e o; e pa oca cpo cex, oo o oo. pea pcc oaoae aa aa poa o-o oa a pec o. Oao, a eco, cop e ep cocaaeoo aoe. oope o c aoeoo ap e ooc, a eepa poa a eca op o. o o eo, co ocoo oocpoa o Ƹoo op ca oa c pccx coa opo, epoca e oopx oaaac apaco. e po oe o peoc, ep ceaa ep a coe aa. 

2. epa poccca peo

2.1 opaee pcco-oco oe peoo pc

e 1901 . cp c . . pae ca: Oee eooco aco peo oxao ceco oeca. cpae coac peooa ca. Ee pa cococoaa aaac pcco-oca oa 1904 -- 1905 ., ac peao cooe epeco Pocc o ap (Ceepo ae) opee.

aao o cao ceeco eoeopeoc Pocc acco ee oo oce 1856 . oaPocc ocoo paa po poopa. aoee po cpae poopeco o cpa co 1899 . o ae oa II aaco oepe, epe ocae opoc o paope, coa cce eapoo eoacoc. oo aae coa eapo c (cec oe) -- poopa a OO.

Oao ooae axa Pocc Cpee A a ae ocoe pooac. pee! oa IIpacpocpac a ap ope, Aaca, epc e. epeac ca po o cepoec epaa, ap ce oo poc o oeeocao o, oopa, oao, epeaa aae XX . epo poo ooecoopa. Oo ee o o o ocee aoaooee p cpa oaee epaoo peoooo e. oece e, a epo ooeXIX ., o cac e aa oepa oeca. ocapce paoa aa opee apae e oo pee, o ee o.

o aea oeooca oa po o, ao ee e eeppe, oepac oop opaee.

o cpa e a eea cpo op-appca capa pocccoo oa. ococo a ope epeo oa. oo oc a a oco ape, a a paccpca acpa e a aoea. oca ap ca ope ap. Pcca ap oepea opaee ooeo e o oo, oe 1904 . ca op-App.

ce o ao cpae apaecee ce, oe a oope paecooeo peoee cao ooe oep coeco. o pece ce ea po popaecoocpo, a eoxooc opeo peop pooac. oe 1904 . oaeoa oee epaoo e. pocxoo accooe coae poeccoax coo coox poecc: pco, pae, ee, paco. O ca c peoa oc apooo paeca. epe pcoec pecae opa pa -- ococa opoca a. Oao oa IIoep peoa, coacc a oee peop.

Peoooe acpoee cpae ce pe oopeaoc opae pcco ap. epae 1905 . o oepa oe o eo. aepcca capa a ooc papoea cco poe. ace 1905 . ae p c oe. o oa oo Caxaa, e oo a paax ape, c coac a, oc oocpo ece c opa op-App a, o-apca eea opoa. ooee aoao peea oce pco o. Oao ceac coxc e oo epa, o pocccoo oeca.

2.2 oe peoooo e

aae ap 1905 . aac aaco paox eeppa c peoa 8-acooo paoeo oe apa. ee oa aoe ce . ao. o eo pooco pao a paoaa e, aa peoa coa peeoo copa poee eopaecx peop epea e peca. Oao eo e oca apcc xapaep oaca ooo ee ap c apoo. o pe peo ee oo o peopa ooceo eoee ca ac apo, poeee epaxpeop, ee ooe paox pec. o oo oa II ao o o a ao coeco, pa oooc co. a o ap, cpee pea ee caoepa o e caoo, pec e o.

oa 9 ap 1905 . Paoe cpax oo eeppa c e op c oa apc oppea, x cpe coa a aao. o e oe cop a poaoe ocpecee. oe aacoa paoe ox opoo Pocc. ape 1905 . acoa caaxooo440 c. paox, . e. oe, e a epo 1895 -- 1904 . c ce cx ex aee. cpae aaac peo. Ca cece ocece co 9 ap o o, o epa apoa ap aoac oopaa.

o e xoo a paeca, cpeeoc oepec a c paoaa. ap 19 ap p eea paox, oa Cea paccapa e o coepecoa ocapceoo aocpoca. o a pe oo apcce acpoe, ocoeo cpe pec. oo eco 1905 . ap o ocao 60 c. poe pec o ppee e pae paax c p coco. 18epa oae oca pecp (pecae) a cpa pex e A. . aopapaoe poea aoaocoe Pocc aoocoeaeo . Ocoeoc o , oe aae co, o o, ooacoaaac coopo a: pecco a oece c, o oa ep ap. epcx paex copax pece e 43% ooco po 34% op. oo o pec e o po o epa (poe pecaeca px opoo). a o pace paeca.

epa acoepeeo, a a oce c ac epao peo oeea. . . o pa oa, o ce cpeca ao po eeo paeca. Caac co oa peooepo epao. poeo eo e ca coa aae a 1905 . oceCo coo, oe a co ee, a oae xoepeo poco paox. pa oo co , Co coo a oeepee o, e epa poeo ee. eco cooe e oca opocco e epaa peooepa ca aop epceo, ox ace 1905 . aoo. Oe xo o a x eppop apee. epceax poxo accoepeooe .

Oao ec ee oxoo aco c epaa, o oe paa cec, o opoa x. Eceo x e o pae peooo a paox pec. p o oaaoc, o peooo ope poac opa ac, ocoae a pax paoo p. pepo oo o oee o pe ceoe ca aoo-oececxpaox ae -- e 1905 . Coeo paox eao. o a cae oe. Coe oce o co p c oo ac. e e Coeax, oope coa px opoax, op apoo eopa, poooca x pao apaeap. p o xapaepo epo Coeo oeee aooaeo, coeo, oac ceo ac. O ooa poocoe apoo ac, ocoao a paoo paocoa, epaoo pa paee ace. ocec oeeCoeo ap oeo oeceoe ceace Pocc.

Oao eoopo cce oe eocao paoaca. x p peca coaa peooe pecce oe poo aaco apao ooocaac eca. acc pecca acoa eo 1905 . cepoccc pecc coo, oop caac aoeapo coceoc a e, ooaac o oa cepe caoepa caoe eopaeco pec. o ae peccoo coa co epa cep. O opac a ooe ee pecca. ape --cepe1905 . o acpoao 1,6 c. peccx ce, aco copooaxc ooa oex cae. oc ap o, cocoe ocoo pec. e 1905 . pooo occae a poeoce oe-apec.

c oe peo 1905 -- 1907 . ca cOpco oeco cao. Ee aopa ca eeoopo ococoo a. C 7 o 13op 1905 . caaoxaa c cpa. opoax eecoa oopoo, oceee, eeo, e xo ae, apc o, eap, aa. c opoo-poea aepa. c pocxo eocpa . a peoa aacoo 8-acoo pao e, pooaee eopaecx coo co peeoocopa.

C aacoe oeceao eoe oeca. eoope apa oe ocac acopoe paeca. e oopoe, Caape, Xapoe, Oecce px opoax o oe oeceo eoacoc, oee opoce , pee oe, epao, eeo cepo. 55 opoax o Coe, aoee ec oopx eeppc Coe, o ae oopoo co . C. Xpcae-ocap, a ae . . po. aaoc coae paox p.

aco e a ope pao aa pepae.

Opceco ooa pa pee oee pcco pa 1905 -- 1907 . eo acoaa ap apoo coo ( ocoo-eopaeca, aeca), o ae oopo co . . o. Coe aae ap caa oeee epao eopao. oo ee popaa, oopo ae ac pa eacco, aoa xapaep, a pacao. opoc opece, aoaa e, eeeo ee 8-acooopaoeo ooaeo pee e . Oac o cococoao pacpe ca eo ap, oopoe 1917 . oco 100 "c. eoe. ap c eee ee xo oe, poe opo, oae pece, oee paoe. o o e ooo pe co cpeeo acpoe peoo ca. oco paox o acoa-eopaa. Ca o ae peoooo e pcc epaa e aoc.

oe peoooo e c aope pax peoox ap, coa-eopao cepo. o pepe pacpocpaee apoe pecacx e, oa II a 17op 1905 . aec o apoa apo eexoco paaco coo -- epocoeoc oc, coo coec, coa, copa coo. o oeao coae ocapceo c aooae paa. o a oea paoo ocoaa.

oee aeca ao p paoc paec o cex cox oeca. Oo o ocpo a oea oeca a caoepa ocapco, aao p ocoaa poea, oo oepa pocccoo oeca aocoe paoo paoopa. a o o co a epa, a ee cep. oe pa aee pa peo.

ece c e oc paoacce c, ee aece op e caoepa. aocoe apoecoo e poc Co pccoo apoa o aecA. . po, aca o 100 c. eoe. apo aa ce epo coe, . e. c pecae apox o. x e coec oapx epcoe coae pccoo apoa. Coaceco aepae pa Pocc epocoe poooca acc aepa. coc o a opa xpaooce paoaa --peoooo oppeoooo. oee e 100 opoax ope -- ope 1905 . po apoece aeca o oapxec aoacec oa: Pocc pccx, Pcce , oeec. O copooac ca eeo epec opoa ( ee, aa, ee, oee), a a eo eeax epex apo e a peoo c. eee e a ec o o o 4 c. eoe paeo oee 10 c. Ec epocoee peaooc poac po, o oeo o op o pee oceo, papeoooc x a, opae paox peccoo epao. Coo copo, o poo aee oe peooo op, ac po --coaao pa pooocae e peo coao cpaeoc eaa paoo paocoa. e ca, pooaa a coax cpeee popecc oepa, oe a ee opa xoe oco oepa, cococoa apee paox eao paeoc cpaeoc, poocox eeaooc. Paco oa epao peooepo poecco copo. e ope -- ope pa ca a pac aop peoox c, poc caax eocpax, oo ee a apax 8-acooopaoeo , pecco e, occax ap oe, ax, a a pecepe Oao px opax epoopcoo oa o pooco eeaa . . a. peae pa coecoc pa ea coaa epee epao-oapxece ap. aoee eco Co 17op, o pooee oopoo c A. . o. e acaoc 25 -- 30 c. eo, ocoo pa. eoc paeco eo epeoop o ac opaax ac.

ecec e paoe oa oooe ceoe ca. oeco aco oecx ce oe peco co aco ooecx aacoo. Peoo xapaep e paox poc o, o oec e c coae coa-eopaa poeccoae co. aao Epoeca a po. a coa-eopaece ap oa aocoe poeccoaoo e. o aao oooc cooa apaece eo oce ooecx ee. Pocc opapaox a ee aepaoo aococo coae poeccoax coo c oec e coa-eopao.

ope -- eape 1905 . o aae cao cepee caoepa, co peeoocopa coae eopaeco pec. 6 eap oce a oea ceoa caa, oopa cpo epepoca oopeoe occae. occa poo ae a pae, oacce, Copoe, pacopce, e, aocoe, oopoccce, Xapoe, Pocoe-a-o. o eeppeo oepa e . ee ca a eepo, a a a opao poeapa pa ooaeo pooocac p p. o oa opoc a oe oe cep.

o epo Coe epe c ac co p, o o opaa opo, e xea, a ae. oc pepae opoce ac. o oe p, o ce occe oep ap oopa ao, pe opae.13 -- 19eap oae oce oa ce oce -- pec. aac papo c occax apc oca.

oopee occa oca opoco poeapco peo. Coo copo, o aoeepea Pocc epexoa pecaco pae, c po --oaao pap c aao epao-eopaeco pae, oee paox eoce p apeccoc paox. ae aae o cex -- a oa co e o opaaopo pocoo paox oce.

aee

ce aca apcoe paeco ec cepee oppe co o. oco oecx ap (poe oeo, aapxco, cepo-acaco) oeaopeo a pea. paeco peocao oooc eao eeoc ap, coao ocapce -- op aooae opa, pooaco eopaece coo, ao ao, aae pao apa coao a, aao ooo apapo peop.

1907 o Pocc coa oe ocapceecpp, cococoae pa apaeapa, xo x o-pee ca apo coex opao. coee (Coe cpo, epaopca aep), aooaee opa (ocapcea a ocapce Coe) oc epaop, oeope epxo ac. p o Coe cpo ooeo coe paac ee aoocoeaee . epaop oc ae paec Cea (c opa ca aopa) Ce Co (c opa paee paocao epo).

coao ocapceo ccee epaa peapoaa. oeo aao Epo, e apaece pa caac ea, poccc apae 1906 o aa aaa o aec c eo oe. e opeee cpo pao oeco p a eao, a paee. apeaa eao ax opoco, paa oe ao epaa oce cpa, aco caac aooaeo ao. Oao ecoepeco aooaeo-poepx exao, ecpoacocaa, cxooec acpo eao e oo e epo poecca ocapceoo cpoeca. Oa caa apeo eapo oe, epeo pae op aooe aopaoae.

apca ac, poa oce opae oco oe eepeoc cee, cea 1906-1907 . apa a pee poecx poe, a ocee o ooceo capoaa oec ca cpae.

Cco cooao epap

1 aa .. p ocec Pcco-oco o 1904-1905 . // "oa oea cop" 2005 c.226

2 opac A.. oo-pcca oa. p, eap o cpecacopo. C., 2004, c.432

3 oox A.. cop Pcco-oco o 1904-1905 ..2008., c.344

4 e .A. Pcco-oca oa 1904-1905 .., 2005, c.323

5 eapoeooe a ae ocoe.., oa. 2001, c.298

6 pooo opcco po oepe ec ooopa e Pocce oe, aeoo opce 23 aca (5 cep) 1905 . C., 2006, c.104.

7 Ըopo A. cop Pocc XIX aao XX .., 2005, c.378

8 poopa A.. aee op-Appa. aecoAC oca 2008EPA, c.191

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