The origins of the International Socialists

The first Marxist Workers Group meeting and the first SWAG conference. Some important achievements. Publishing the battler. Major problems. The Toma dispute. Regrupment discussions. Constitutional crisis. Foundation f the International Socialists.

23.06.2010
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Whl ll ths ctvty ws gng n, tw mprtnt ntrnl dbts ccurrd n th grup twrds th nd f 1974. Bth wr cnnctd wth Th Bttlr. Frstly Ndl rgud thr ndd t b cncpt but wht th grup ws tryng t d wth th ppr, nd tht t ndd t b md t spcfc rdrshp. bvusly th nwsppr f pltcl grup s ttmptng t rcrut ppl t ts ds nd rgnztn. t th bgnnng f publctn f Th Bttlr, mst mmbrs prbbly dd nt thnk f th ppr's rl bynd ths gnrl vw tht t ws th publc rgn fr xprssng th grup's ds. Ndl nw frcd SWG t thnk mr clsly but th Bttr's functn.

Rvlutnry pprs, h sd, usully fll nt n f tw ctgrs; thy r thr prpgndstc, r thy r gttnl. Prpgndstc pprs ttmptd t rcrut ppl drctly t thr ds nd thrfr cntnd much dtld thry. gttnl pprs, n th thr hnd, plcd n mphss n buldng struggls, nd prsntd thr ds wthn ths cntxt. Snc rvlutnry grups m t vrthrw cptlsm, thy nd t buld struggls, nd thr ppr shuld b prt f ths wrk. Th Bttlr shuld thrfr, sd Ndl, b n gttnl ppr - n `rgnsr' f struggls. Rthr thn hvng lngthy thrtcl rtcls - s mst lft-wng pprs d - ths mnt rtcls must ld smwhr. Thy must, pnt twrds ctn. t mns tht s fr s pssbl w shuld nt smply b cmmntng. Ths ds nt mn w shuld b ptrnsngly lcturng frm utsd. Ths mns w shuld b wrkng twrds cnclusns, whch ur rdrs wll b bl t drw frm th rtcls.

Thr wuld stll b nlytcl/thrtcl rtcls, but th mphss wuld b n gttnl rtcls bsd n fw ky thrtcl ds rlvnt t th prtculr struggls t whch ths rtcls wr md. Prpgndstc pprs ssntlly md t rcrutng thr ppl frm th `Lft'. Th Bttlr, n th thr hnd, bcus t ws ttmptng t ntrvn n wrkng clss struggls, wuld b md t mltnt wrkrs

W r mng t mltnt shp stwrds. W r mng t yung wrkrs nfluncd by th bttr spcts f th pc mvmnt. W r mng t th mnrts wh vt t cntnu strks whn th unn ldrshp rcmmnds rturn t wrk. W r mng t th wmn wh hckld Kn McLd t th qul py mtng th wrkrs wh supprt pltcl blck bns fr pltcl rsns rthr thn ut f lylty t th ldrshp.

nd ths mnt chng n drctn fr SWG's ctvts. Untl ths tm th grups' wrk hd bn mnly mngst studnts nd wht-cllr wrkrs. Bcus f ts Mrxst pltcs, SWG hd lwys rcgnzd th cntrlty f th wrkng clss - spclly blu-cllr wrkrs, wh r t th hrt f prductn - n buldng th sclst rvlutn. Ths mnt tht t ls rcgnzd t culd nt cntnu ts ctvst wrk slly mngst studnts nd wht-cllr wrkrs. Publctn f Th Bttlr mnt fr th frst tm th grup s whl ws ttmptng t rnt twrds blu-cllr wrkrs. Wht-cllr nd studnt wrk dd, f curs, cntnu. But Th Bttlr dd mrk turnng pnt, whr blu-cllr wrkrs bcm sgnfcnt n th grup's mmdt wrk.

Ndl's ds n ttmptng t us th ppr s n `rgnzr', nd mng t mltnt wrkrs, wr rdly ccptd. Thr ws hwvr n spct t hs nw dtrshp f th Bttlr whch sprkd mjr cntrvrsy. Ths ws hs us f wrds lk `trdsmn' nd `busnssmn'. Mny mmbrs f th grup, ncludng mst f th wmn, blvd ths wrds wr sxst nd thrfr shuld nt b usd n th Bttlr. Ndl rgud tht whl h thught bltnt sxst phrss such s `wk s wmn' wr qut unccptbl, th us f such rtfclly-crtd wrds s trdsppl wuld mk th ppr sm t ntllctul t wrkrs, nd thrfr nt wn crdblty wth thm:

Usng `trdsppl' r `busnss prsn' n rtcls n ny qustn, s mny tms s w lk, wll nt wn wrkrs wy frm sxsm. stblshng crdblty s grup tht undrstnds fctry cndtns wll put us n pstn whr th sm wrkrs wll tk ur ds srusly. Thn thy wll rd rtcls tht ttck sxsm nd rlly stnd chnc f bng cnvncd.

Mny mmbrs ntlly rmnd uncnvncd f Ndl's rgumnts. Sm f th wmn, ncludng Stn, pprntly thrtnd t rsgn frm SWG f Ndl cntnud s dtr. Stn blvs th dsput lmst `splt' th grup. Crtnly th Pltcl Cmmtt (cnsstng t ths tm f 5 mmbrs, ncludng Ndl nd Stn) ws wrrd nugh but th stutn t ssu lngthy sttmnt t mmbrs n th cntrvrsy. Th sttmnt, frmultd by 0'Lncln, rgud fr tmprry cmprms slutn. t sttd tht th grup cn nly stblsh clr cncptn f wht t wnts frm th ppr ftr sm cncptn hs bn mplmntd fr prd f tm. Snc Ndl ws th nly prspctv dtr wth clr cncptn, h shuld cntnu s dtr untl Fbrury n th cntxt f th fllwng cndtns:

Jny nd Tss wll tk rspnsblty n th ntrm fr nvstgtng t dtrmn whthr wrkrs n prtculr stutn r ll ml, r sm fmls Whr thr r n wmn, wrds lk `trdsmn' my b usd. Whr thr r wmn, ltrntv frmultns wll b usd. Whr nthng cn b fund ut, thr wll b cnsulttn but th fnl dcsn ls wth th dtr.

t s undrstd tht n sm css th styl f th ppr my

hv t suffr n th ntrsts f vdng sxst lngug, nd ls tht n sm css xprssns my ppr n th ppr whch sm cmrds my nt lk. Thr must b n tmsphr f flxblty n bth sds untl Fbrury, whn fnl dcsn my b md.

0'Lncln's cmprms ws ccptd. Th ssu ws fnlly rslvd t th nxt SWG Cnfrnc n Mrch 1975, whr frmultn vry smlr t th ntl cmprms ws dptd. n rcnt tms, th Bttlr pprs t hv stppd usng wrds lk `trdsmn' ltgthr, smply usng wrds lk `wrkrs', `sklld wrkrs', `wmn wrkrs'. Bcus mst ndustrl rtcls n th ppr ths dys r bsd n nsd nfrmtn. Bttlr rprtrs r usully wr f whthr r nt thr r wmn wrkng t prtculr plnt n whch thy r rprtng. Hwvr, n css f rprts nt bsd n nsd nfrmtn, t s unlkly tht ny spcl ffrt s md t dtrmn whthr th plnt hs wmn wrkrs.

rly 1975

Th yr 1975 bgn wth nthr dvlpmnt. Fr th frst tm, SWG splt nt brnchs. Untl ths tm, gnrl wkly mtngs f th grup hd bn hld, whch n thry ll mmbrs ttndd. Fllwng th substntl rcrutmnt n lt 1974, th grup nw hd but 25 mmbrs nd t ws flt tht gnrl mtngs hd bcm t `unwldy' - wth mny mr ppl wshng t prtcpt n dscussn, thr ws lss tm t mk mprtnt prctcl- dcsns, nd mtngs f vr 20 mmbrs dd nt gv suffcnt pprtunty fr ll ths wshng t spk t d s. nfrml dscussns mngst SWG mmbrs ndctd thr ws gnrl cnsnsus tht th grup wuld dvd nt tw brnchs. But whn th mtng t dscuss th ssu cm up n rly Jnury, Grffths, ftn knwn fr drppng bmbshll prpsls, cm frwrd wth th d thr shuld nt b tw brnchs, but thr. Thr brnchs! Th mmdt rspns f mst mmbrs ws tht ths ws bsurd - tht mtng n tny `cll-lk' grups f nly 6 t 8 ppl wuld tmz th grup t much, nd rndr t nffctv.

Hwvr, Grffths hd wll wrkd ut rtnl fr hs prpsl. Th cntrl d ws tht SWG shuld bcm vry fmlr wth sm ky wrkng clss rs, t nbl t t ntrvn n struggls n lclty bss. Th grup ws lrdy bgnnng t buld ntwrk f rgulr Bttlr buyrs thrugh ts dr-t-dr sls n Mlburn's 5 lrg Husng Cmmssn rs; Dvtn n th st, Wst Hdlbrg n th nrth, nd Brybrk-Sunshn n th wst. By dvlpng ths ntwrk, nd stblshng brnchs bsd n ths thr rs, th grup culd bcm wll-nfrmd n th prblms nd ssus fcng th wrkrs n ths rs. Such cncntrtn wuld tnd t lmt th numbr f struggls th grup culd b nvlvd n, but t wuld ncrs th ffctvnss f ntrvntn.

Grffths' prpsls ncludd shft n LP wrk. Th mphss wuld nw b n wrkng n lcl Lbr Prty brnchs, rthr thn th crumblng SL:

prps tht. W ltr ur strtgy frm th rsng f mtns (but th cnmy blh) n bstrct. Thy gt pssd t brnchs nd fld wy n smn's drwr.

W lk rund th rs fr ndustrl dsputs. Ths/s whr t bcms ky prt f th SWG brnchs prpsl nd vc vrs. W wll knw th ndustrl dsputs n th r fr Bttlr rprtng, Bttlr sls nd bcus tht's prt f th whl bldy d. n th LP brnch w'll d thngs lk sk fr rprts n th lcl ndustrl stutn (nd thn gv thm t th mbrrssmnt f th lcl unn bg shts), nd thn mv fr ctn such s pcktng, sttng up f lcl lsn wth th unn brnch, rcrutng t th LP.

Dspt th ntl surprs t Grffths' prpsls, thy wr dptd. SWG dvdd nt thr brnchs: st, bsd n Mnsh nd Dvtn; Nrthst, bsd n Ltrb nd Wst Hdlbrg; nd Wst, bsd n Sunshn-Brybrk, wth rspnsblty fr Mlburn Unvrsty, shuld ny studnts b rcrutd frm tht cmpus. Snc n mmbrs ctully lvd n th wstrn suburbs, cupl mvd ut thr spclly t stblsh Wst brnch, th thr mmbrs nvlvd n th brnch lvng n th st, but (n thry) dng mst f thr SWG ctvty n th wst. S s th grup wuldn't b t tmzd, gnrl mtngs wr hld vry thr r fur wks.

t th nd f 1974, SWG hd mbrkd n yt nthr ctvty. Wth 5 t 6 mmbrs wrkng n t Cmmnwlth Publc Srvc, t ws dcdd t ntt rnk nd fl grup n th publc srvc unns, prtculrly th dmnstrtv nd Clrcl ffcrs ssctn (C). Ths grup ws clld Srvnts fr ctn (SF) nd sm nn-SWG publc srvnts wr nvlvd. ts mtngs wr frly rrgulr nd t nvr chvd vry much. lthugh t smtms ttrctd s mny s 15 ppl t ts mtngs, nly th SWG mmbrs put ny ffrt nt SF ctvts. t publshd sprdc brdsht th ttl f whch, tkn frm th ntls f th grup's nm, ws SF. Thr ws pun ntndd n ths ttl; wrkng s publc srvnt, yu gt SF .. `Swt Fuck ll'.

SF rgud fr hghr wgs, xpsd pr wrkng cndtns, nd urgd publc srvnts t gt nvlvd n thr unns, prtculrly ttndng thr unn mtngs nd supprtng mltnt dmnds. ttmptng t mblz publc srvnts t ttnd thr unn mtngs ws th mn ctvty f SF. Dspt th fct tht SF vrgd btwn 4 t 6 SWG mmbrs prtcptng n t, t bcm, lk th LP prspctv, `lm duck' SWG ctvty whch nvr rlly chvd nythng.

n f th chngs n SWG ctvty n 1975 ws vry much dcrsd lvl f ctvty t Mnsh. ll th frmr RvCmms hd cmpltd thr studs nd lft th cmpus. SWG nly hvng n r tw f ts nwr mmbrs t Mnsh. Hrd Lns stll pprd n lss frqunt bss (but frtnghtly, nstd f wkly) nd ws dtd by ldr f th 1974 Mnsh ccuptn wh ws nt ctully SWG mmbr. Ths ws lc Khn. Thugh nt mmbr, Khn ws strng supprtr f th grup, nd rgulrly ttndd Suth brnch mtngs. H publshd Hrd Lns wth th ssstnc f n r tw SWG mmbrs plus cupl f SWG cmpus supprtrs. Khn fnlly jnd SWG but md-yr nd ltr bcm ldng mmbr f th ntrntnl Sclsts. cupl f thr frmr ctvsts f th Mnsh ccuptn jnd th grup n th frst hlf f 1975. n f ths, wh jnd but th sm tm s Khn, ws Stv Mrgn, wh ltr bcm ldng Bttlr rprtr nd mprtnt S functnry.

RvCmms grup stll functnd t Ltrb n 1975, ts mmbrshp nw bng 3, n mmbr hvng lft th cmpus t th nd f 1974. Rd nk cntnud t ppr but vry 2 wks. ppstn t th vlnc f th Msts' club, th RSM, ws n mprtnt ssu t Ltrb n 1975. n Jnury, RvCmm Mck rmstrng, n ccrdtd dlgt t th ustrln Unn f Studnts (US) Cuncl, ws physclly ttckd by RSM mmbrs (clmng t b th `rl' Ltrb dlgtn) whl Cuncl ws n sssn. n Mrch, thy vrturnd th RvCmms bkstll n th unn buldng, nd n July thy pushd mmbr f th Sprtcst Club thrugh plt-glss wndw - h ws njurd nd hd t b tkn t hsptl.

Th Ltrb Msts wr ls wll knwn fr btng up thr lft-wng ppnnts ff cmpus. ftr th July ncdnt, crdntd cmpgn gnst th RSM vlnc ws rgnzd by th RvCmms, th Wmn's Lbrtn grup, th Gy Lbrtn grup, th Sclst Wrkrs' Lgu, nd th Sprtcsts. pttn dnuncng Mst vlnc ws sgnd by hundrds f Ltrb studnts. Th rsult f th cmpgn ws th dsffltn f th RSM frm Ltrb's Clubs nd Scts Cuncl. Th thr sgnfcnt ssu n 1975 t Ltrb ws strk by mntnnc nd ctrng wrkrs, sm f whm wr ctully bng pd undr-wrd by th Unvrsty nd Unn dmnstrtns. Th RvCmms wr nfluntl n mblzng numbr f studnts t supprt th wrkrs' pckt, n gttng studnt gnrl mtng t supprt th strk, nd cllctng $80 fr th wrkrs' strk fund. Th wrkrs ndd up wnnng py ncrss f btwn $3 nd $5 ftr wk-lng strk.

n rly Mrch 1975, SWG hld wht s nrmlly clld ts `Thrd' Cnfrnc (thugh, strctly spkng, t ws th furth, f th `mn' cnfrnc f yr bfr s ncludd).

Th mst sgnfcnt spcts f th cnfrnc wr plns t bgn blu-cllr rnk nd fl brdsht, nd th grup's scnd nd fnl (t dt) frml dscussn f th Russn Qustn. Th lttr dscussn rvld mr dfnd dvsn n th qustn thn whn t hd bn lst dscussd n lt 1973.

0'Lncln rgud fr th `burucrtc-cllctvst' nlyss (SWG's frml pstn dptd n 1973) nd succssfully wn r-ffrmtn f ths pstn. But thr wr ntrstng dffrncs n cmprsn t th 1973 dbt. t tht tm nly n mmbr supprtd th `stt-cptlst' nlyss, nd whl `burucrtc cllctvsm' wn, but hlf th grup bstnd frm vtng fr thr vw. Ths tm thr wr 3 r 4 `stt-cptlst' supprtrs, nd fw, f ny, bstntns.

Ths rflctd grwng cnfdnc f mmbrs (ncludng nwr mmbrs) t tk pstn n th qustn, nd th dvlpng supprt fr th stt-cptlst vwpnt. Ths lttr dvlpmnt hs ncrsd n rcnt yrs. Snc t hs nvr frmlly bn ltrd, burucrtc cllctvsm rmns, tchnclly, th pstn f th ustrln ntrntnl Sclsts n th Stlnst cuntrs.

But t pprs tht mst mmbrs, strngly undr th nflunc f SGB (nw SWP), nw supprt th stt-cptlst nlyss. 'Lncln hmslf, hs prvtly sttd h n lngr supprts th burucrtc-cllctvst nlyss, blvng bth thrs r ndqut, s tht nw thry hs t b dvlpd xplnng th xplttv-clss ntur f th Stlnst cuntrs. Gvn th currnt mphss n ustrln S tdy f lmtng ll frml dbts t mmdt ctvty nd/r `tpcl' ssus, th rgnztn s unlkly t clrfy ts pstn n th ntur f th Stlnst cuntrs fr sm tm.

rly 1975 wtnssd nthr sgnfcnt vnt s SWG hstry. Th wht-cllr brdsht, Clrk nd Dggr, hd bn undr crtcsm frm numbr f wht-cllr mmbrs n th grup fr smtm. Mjr crtcsms wr tht ts styl f humr ws f n `undrgrdut-studnt' typ, ln t mst ffc wrkrs; nd tht ts cnstnt `bshng' f lft-wng, lbt mdrt lft wng, unn ffcls, md t sm t mny wrkrs s rght-wng/NCC publctn, usng lft wng rhtrc t dscrdt th `Lft'. nthr crtcsm, cmng frm publc srvnts Bb nd nn McCu, ws tht t ws `t pltcl' fr th rltvly lw-lvl f pltcl cnscusnss f clrcl wrkrs, prtculrly publc srvnts.

Th McCus' crtcsms f C&D hd bn n nfluncng fctr n th dcsn t ntt th frmtn f SF th prvus Dcmbr. SF, undr th dtrshp f th McCus dd rjct sm dffrncs frm C&D n tht t dd spnd lss tm ttckng lft-wng unn ffcls. t ws, prhps, lss pltcl, lthugh t stll cvrd pltcl ssus such s Vtnm. Crtnly th McCus hd strng vn f syndclsm n thr thnkng, nt shrd by thr SWG mmbrs. nd dspt th `swt-fuck-ll' pun n ts ttl, SF dd nt cntn s much humr s C&D.

Bcus f th crtcsms md by numbr f mmbrs f C&D, nd bcus f th McCus' ttmpt t prsnt n ltrntv styl fr th grup's clrcl brdshts wth SF s th xmpl, dbt nsud n whch th tw publctns pprd cuntrpsd. lthugh n thr mmbrs shrd th syndclst crtcsms f C&D, bth th McCus wr cnsdrd ldrs f th grup, nd ths nvtbly mnt th tn f th dbt ws fshnd t cnsdrbl xtnt n thr frmt f SF vrsus C&D. nd t th cnclusn Bb nd nn McCu wr t drw frm thr pstn, ws tht C&D shuld b dscntnud ltgthr. Yt ths md th dbt smwht rtfcl. f thr wr dfcncs n C&D styl, t culd lwys b mprvd; ths ws n rgumnt fr scrppng C&D.

S, bcus tw f SWG's ldrs (Bb McCu ws n th Pltcl Cmmtt n lt 1974, nd nn McCu ws n th PC n rly 1975) prsntd n mprtnt dbt n n rtfcl fshn, th grup xprncd vry cnfusd dbt. nd nt nly cnfusd, but drwn ut s wll.

Th frst srus mv t scrp C&D ccurrd n lt 1974. t ths stg, th `ld' SWG ldrshp (vz. 'Lncln, Ndl, L ck, Stn, Grffths) wr frmly n supprt f cntnung C&D, thugh thy wr, s ws ll th mmbrshp, ls n fvur f nttng SF. Th lttr ws sn s gd pprtunty fr buldng mltnt rnk nd fl grup n th publc srvc; th McCus' nw pprch culd b tstd n prctc.

Bcus f thr cnfusd prsnttn f th ssu, nd th dscrnbl syndclst strk n thr pltcs, th McCus wn lttl supprt fr th scrppng f C&D t ths tm. Thr wr, hwvr, sm mmbrs wh grd wth thr crtcsms rltng t C&D's styl f humr nd ts xcssv (n thr pnn) `bshng' f unn ffcls.

Th cntrvrsy drggd ut fr svrl mnths untl, but Mrch 1975, frml dbt ws nc gn hld n th ssu. Ths tm, tw rlvnt spcts f th dbt, whch hd bn mntnd bfr but wr lst n th cnfusn, bcm prmnnt. Ths wr rsns fr drppng C&D, dffrnt t ths prsntd by th McCus.

t hd bn gnrlly cknwldgd by ll, tht C&D hd nt bn succssful n trms f ts rgnl purps - tht s, t `snff ut' mltnts n rdr t ncurg thm t buld rnk nd fl grups n thr wrkplc/unns nd, hpfully, rcrut thm t SWG. Whl mny clrcl wrkrs dsplyd lvly ntrst n rdng t, n rnk nd fl grups hd bn nttd thrugh C&D's nflunc (th tw rnk nd fl grups n whch SWG hd prtcptd, MC nd SP, wr nttd by SWG mmbrs).

nd whl n r tw SWG mmbrs hd ntlly cm nt cntct wth th grup v C&D, ths ppr t hv nt bn mprssd wth th publctn nd hd jnd fr thr rsns. Whl th McCus blvd ths substnttd thr rgumnt, sm thr mmbrs blvd thr ws mr mprtnt rsn fr C&D's flur. Thy rgud tht brdsht ttmptng t cvr ssus/struggls crss th whl wht cllr ndustry ws prmtur - tht publctn nt bsd n dfnd rnk nd fl grup (whch C&D wsn't) culd nly b ffctv whn thr ws pssblty f buldng n crss-ndustry rnk nd fl mvmnt frm numbr f xstng rnk nd fl grups. Ths prtculr rgumnt pprs t hv hd sm nflunc n th dbt.

Th mst dcsv ssu bcm, hwvr, qustn f rsurcs. t ws rgud tht snc C&D hd nt bn vry succssful, nd snc SWG hd nw bgn publctn f Th Bttlr (whch ws bng sld t mltnt nd pltclly wr clrcl wrkrs), t culd nt ffrd th xtr strn (spclly gvn SWG's mny thr ctvts) n rsurcs tht C&D prductn/dstrbutn rqurd. Th ld ldrshp, wth th xcptn f Grffths (wh hd bn th drvng frc nd dtr f C&D) nw swung t ths vw, nd th dcsn t scrp C&D ws ndrsd lmst unnmusly.

Th drppng f Clrk nd Dggr ws n mprtnt dbt n SWG's hstry. Frstly, th cnfusd, ntns, nd drwn-ut ntur f th dsput ws cnsdrbly dsruptv t th grup's ctvts whch cntrbutd t th gnrl dmrlstn tht dvlpd n SWG n th lt utumn f 1975. nd scndly, th ctul drppng f C&D mrkd th nd f SWG's lngst cnsstnt ctvty up t tht dt. Whl th frquncy f C&D pprncs ws scld dwn ftr th bgnnngs f Bttlr prductn n ctbr 1974, t hd bn publshd cnsstntly (mst f th tm n frtnghtly bss) fr 2 yrs: frm ctbr 1972 untl lt Fbrury 1975. Mny f th ldr mmbrs hd fnd nd nstlgc ttchmnt t Clrk nd Dggr. ts pssng ws th nd f n r fr SWG.

Thr s n ntrstng squl t th Clrk nd Dggr stry'. t th tm C&D ws drppd, SWG ldrs (thr thn Bb nd nn McCu) wr nt cnvncd but crtcsms f ts styl. n rcnt (1978) S dcumnt, nlysng th rgnztn's rly rnk nd fl wrk, thy nw cm t th cnclusn tht C&D

ws fr t much rnttd t burucrt-bshng, nd t lttl t ttckng th bss. Ths ws prtly rflctn f ur wknss, but prtly ls rflctn f mstkn pltcs. W tndd t dntfy th unn ffcls s th mmdt nmy, whrs 99 prcnt f th wrkrs dntfd th mplyrs s th mn prblm.

Ths rrr smtms md us sm t b n musng, but rrlvnt, grup f ppl. t ls ld us pn t bng ttckd s splttrs, nd vn t bng sn s rght wng t mny wh hd sn th NCC prt n n pprntly smlr fshn.

t's tkn qut whl fr th ld SWG ldrs t dpt ths vw.

Mjr Prblms

Sn ftr th Mrch 1975 Cnfrnc, 0'Lncln nd Stn dprtd n lngthy trp vrss (thy wr wy fr svn mnths). Ths ws nt n nsgnfcnt vnt. 0'Lncln hd bn th dmnnt fgur n th grup vr snc th lttr hlf f 1972. lthugh h dd nt ntt mny f SWG's mprtnt dcsns (. g. r-publctn f Th Bttlr ws nttd by Ndl, th brnch structur ws nttd by Grffths), 0'Lncln prvdd unfyng frc n th grup whch n thr ldr culd mtch (hs rl n fndng cmprms n th sxst lngug schsm s gd xmpl f ths).

nd lthugh h dd nt ntt mny f th lng-trm drctnl dcsns, h ws nd rmns, th, grup's mst rtcult spkr, whch mnt tht h ws ftn nfluntl n mvng th grup twrds prtculr dcsn. n gnrl, prpsls cm frm Ndl nd Grffths, nd th rst f th mmbrshp wuld wt t hr wht 0'Lncln hd t sy. ls, 0'Lncln's grsp f bsc thrtcl ssus ws `hd nd shuldrs' bv ny f th thr ldrs, whch s rflctd n hs nttn f n mprtnt dcsn - th dptn f pstn n th Russn Qustn. (0'Lncln ws ls th mn frc n hvng th grup dpt Lnnst prncpls f rgnztn, but t wuld b nccurt t ttrbut hm s th sl nttr f ths. Ndl, fr xmpl, ws rgung wth th nrchsts n th ld MWG vr th `rl nd structur f th prty', fr svrl mnths bfr 0'Lncln `rrvd' n My 1972. ) n tp f ths 0'Lncln ws prbbly th mst cnsstnt nd hrdst wrkr fr SWG.

Ths s nt t suggst tht thr mmbrs wr nt hrd-wrkng - mst wr hghly ctvst nd md prsnl scrfcs fr th grup, ncludng ll thr ldrs. But f smthng ndd t b dn, f brdsht ndd t b wrttn, r run-ff n th duplctr, r dstrbutd, yu culd lmst bt yur bttm dllr tht 0'Lncln wuld b thr.

nd tht's nt just `gvng rdrs', but dng th shtwrk s wll. n f hs cnsstnt ctvts ws th prductn nd dsptch f th wkly SWG Nwslttr, nwssht n th grup's ctvts pstd t mmbrs nd cntcts, plus th typng-up f mnuts f PC mtngs; n mn ft, gvn hs mny thr ctvts. f 'Lncln hdn't prducd th Nwslttr nd `PC mnuts', thy wuld hv rrly bn dn.

Stn, ls, ws n mprtnt ldr f th grup, nd ws chf spkswmn n wmn's ssus. S, tgthr, 'Lncln nd Stn prvdd n mprtnt cr f th ldrshp nd th grup. Thr dprtur ws lkd n wth sm trpdtn by ll. Hw wll wuld th grup functn wthut thm? T sy th lst t ws bvusly gng t b mr dffcult. Yt mst mmbrs rcgnsd tht 'Lncln, n prtculr, ndd lngthy brk frm SWG nd pltcl ctvty - wthut t, h my hv bn hdng fr cmplt brkdwn.

n th utumn f 1975 SWG bgn mvng nt n ntrnl crss, th mst srus (t dt) n th grup's hstry. Th lvl f ctvty dcrsd, mrl f th mmbrshp bcm lw, nd sm mmbrs vn bgn t tlk but whthr th grup culd survv. fw f th lt 1974 rcruts hd drppd ut, nd cupl f thrs hd gn n xtndd vrss trps. But th slght dcrs n mmbrshp ws nt th prblm.

Cntrbutry fctrs t th dmrlstn ws th svrl mnths f ntrnl wrnglng vr SWG's wht-cllr ctvty, plus th dprtur f 'Lncln nd Stn. Th grup fund tslf n svr fnncl dffcults. Th cst f ts mny ctvts, prtculrly Bttlr prductn, prvng grt strn n rsurcs.

Thr wr ls hssls wth th prntrs durng ths prd; t ws dffcult t fnd prntr wh ddn't blv Th Bttlr ws t lbllus t prnt. Ths ws prtlly slvd by t bng `cknwldgd' n th ppr tht Ndl ws nt nly publshr, but `prntr' s wll. Nnthlss, thr wr numbr f succssv ssus ch run-ff by dffrnt prntr. ch nw prntr fund ftr n ssu tht Th Bttlr ws `unstsfctry', r vc vrs. Th mny dffcults wth whch SWG ws fcd, ffctd prductn f th ppr. Thr wr svn wks n btwn Bttlr N's 4 (15/2/75) nd 5 (5/4/75) nd ls svn wks btwn N's 6 (3/5/75) nd 7 (21/6/75). Whl ttmptng t cp wth ll, nd whl th ctvty f numbr f mmbrs ws slckng ff, th ldrshp ws wrkng hrdr thn vr t hld th grup tgthr. Snc th rly dys f SWG, thr hd lwys bn th prvsn tht f prtculr mmbr ws xhustd by vrwrk, r thr prsnl crcumstncs prcludd thm frm bng pltclly ctv fr gvn tm, thy culd pply fr Lv f bsnc (L). t ws gnrlly undrstd tht mmbr wuld nt b pltclly ctv durng th prd thy wr n L. Dspt hr pltcl dffrncs wth th ld ldrshp nd mst f th grup, nn McCu hd put much ffrt nt hr ctvts vr th pst mnths. t th nd f prl sh ppld fr L. Sh gv s hr grunds fr L tht sh ws vrwrkd nd ndd rst, but ls tht sh wntd t us th xtr tm t `buld SF'.

Ths lttr rsn psd prblm. SF hd bn nttd by SWG, t ws undr SWG's ldrshp, nd t ws cnsdrd n mprtnt SWG ctvty. lthugh th grup culd nt ctully clm t `wn' SF - thr wr nn-SWG mmbrs nvlvd n t - SWG nturlly wshd t drct ts wn mmbrs' ntrvntn n SF. Yt mmbr n L ws nt undr th grup's drctn - t ws n ssntl cndtn f L tht th grup culd nt drct mmbr t d nythng pltclly durng th prd f L.

Gvn th pltcl dffrncs btwn nn McCu nd th SWG mjrty vr th rl f SF, t pprd tht sh wshd t us L nt s much t gv hrslf brk frm pltcl ctvty (ftr ll sh ws stll prprd t wrk n SF), but s mns t ttmpt t shp SF ccrdng t hr wn ds wthut bng rspnsbl t th SWG mjrty. Th Pltcl Cmmtt thrfr dcdd tht nn's rsns fr L wr unccptbl nd prvdd th fllwng ltrntvs:

nn Mc my tk lv f bsnc frm ll pltcl ctvty, ncludng SF, r sh cn buld SF s mmbr f SWG nd hv hr prsnl wrkld sympthtclly rvwd.

nn McCu rjctd th PC's pstn nd prmptly rsgnd. Bb McCu rsgnng n prtst wth hr. Ths hd dcdd mpct n SWG's lrdy sggng mrl. t mnt th lss f tw mprtnt mmbrs (nly wks ftr th `lss' f ldrs 0'Lncln nd Stn) t tm whn ctvty ws n th wn. nd whl ll SWG mmbrs grd wth th PC's pstn n th mttr, nd rcgnsd pltcl dffrncs btwn SWG nd th McCus, mny hd cnsdrbl rspct fr Bb nd nn nd sw thr dprtur s blw t th grup.

Th sgnfcnc f th dsput wth th McCus ws nt just n trms f ts mmdt mpct. Tw mprtnt prncpls n th cndtns f mmbrshp n th grup, lrdy prtv n thry, nw bcm frmly stblshd. Frstly, th grup cnsdrd tht t hd th rght t drct ll pltcl ctvty f ts mmbrs. Wht ndvdul mmbrs dd n thr prsnl lvs ws thr busnss, but cndtn f mmbrshp ws tht thy put thr pltcl ctvty t th srvc f th grup. ll mmbrs hd th rght t xprss thr vwpnt wthn th grup but nc mjrty dcsn hd bn md, t ws xpctd tht mmbrs wuld ct ccrdng t such dcsns. nd th lctd Pltcl Cmmtt rprsntd n thry, nd usully n prctc, th mjrty f th grup btwn Gnrl Mtngs.

Scndly, t ws frmly stblshd tht L ws prvsn fr mmbrs t hv brk frm pltcl ctvty, nt fr thm t `g lswhr' (.. wthut th grup's drctn) fr thr pltcl wrk. Snc th McCus wr utstndng fgurs n SF, nd snc thy dd nt cntnu thr nvlvmnt n SF ftr rsgnng frm SWG, thr dprtur frm SWG lmst nvtbly splld th dm f SF. Th thr SWG mmbrs n SF prvd ncpbl f hldng ths mrphus rnk nd fl grup tgthr, lthugh tw ssus f SF pprd ftr th McCu'-s dprtur, bfr t fnlly cllpsd n July.

S by My 1975, SWG fund tslf wll nd truly n crss. Nmnl mmbrshp ws stll but twnty nd mst rns f ctvty wr stll cntnung, but n much rducd nd lss rgulr bss, du t gnrl mls f pthy nd dmrlstn.

t th bgnnng f th yr, Grffths hd gvn up hs jb s n nsurnc clrk (ftr mr thn tw yrs t t) nd rturnd full-tm t Mlburn Unvrsty t cmplt n unfnshd dgr. Fcd wth th crss n SWG, h nw dcdd t qut hs unvrsty curs nd wrk full-tm fr th grup, bcmng th frst prmnnt full-tmr. Th grup culd nt, f curs, ffrd t py hm, s h subsstd n th dl. Th lmst bundlss nrgy Grffths dvtd t SWG t ths tm ws n mprtnt cntrbutry fctr n ts survvl. n n rgnstnl lvl, h stppd nt 0'Lncln's shs. nd n pltcl lvl, nly Ndl nd Grffths hd th cpcty t hld th grup tgthr.

L ck, th nly thr utstndng pltcl ldr, whl rmnng hrdwrkng mmbr, ws cnscusly d-scltng hr ldrshp rl fr prsnl rsns.

Bcus f thr crdblty wthn th grup nd thr cpcty fr gvng t pstv drctn, Ndl nd Grffths bcm, n ffct, th sl surc f mprtnt dcsn-mkng. Md-1975 culd ptly b dscrbd s th prd f th `Ndl-Grffths' prtnrshp. Th PC nd th Gnrl Mtngs (hld vry thr wks, brnchs mtng n th thr wks) frmlly md mprtnt dcsns. But n rlty, s mny mmbrs hlf-jkngly cknwldgd t th tm, dcsns wr md by Ndl nd Grffths vr lt nght cups f cff t Gnvv's rsturnt n Crltn.

Grffth's bcmng full-tm fr th grup ws th frst mprtnt stp n cntrbutng t SWG's survvl. nthr ws sn t dvlp. numbr f ndvduls n th Lft n Mlburn bgn tlkng but th nd fr fusn f rvlutnry lmnts, n rdr t buld gnun rvlutnry sclst prty. Th mptus fr `ths mv cm frm grup f but tn ppl wh, hvng bn xplld frm th rthdx Trtskyst Cmmunst Lgu (CL), frmd th Mlburn Rvlutnry Mrxsts (MRM).

Th ldrs f th MRM wr Rb Dmng, wh hd bn wth Ndl n Tcsn, nd Kn Mnsll, `wh hd bn n bth Tcsn nd MWG. Whl rtnng mny ssntls f Trtskyst pltcs, MRM sw th hbt f th vrus Trtskyst grups t `mprt' thr full prgrmms frm vrss s th `bn' f th rvlutnry lft n ustrl. Thy wshd t s nw rvlutnry rgnztn bult frm th Lft's mny dsprt grupngs whch, whl ppsd t th `rdcl' ntnlsm f th CP/Stlnsts/ Msts, wuld dvlp ts prgrmm n th pculrts f th ustrln wrkng clss trdtn.

Snc th MRM blvd tht SWG hd nt cm undr th dmntn f th ntrntnl Sclsts t th sm xtnt tht th rthdx Trtskysts hd wth thr ntrntnl fflts, t pprchd SWG wth th vw t hldng jnt `rgrupmnt' dscussns.

SWG, blvng ts dptn f S pltcs dd nt mn tht t hd mprtd full prgrmm frm vrss, nd tht t ws ttmptng t dpt ths pltcs t ustrln cndtns, ws lkws ntrstd n hvng rgrupmnt dscussns. SWG sw tht f rgrupmnt culd b chvd, t wuld b pstv stp twrds buldng rvlutnry prty n ustrl. ddd t ths gnun ntrst n rgrupmnt SWG ldrs prbbly ls blvd tht vn f nthng cm f th rgrupmnt dscussns thy wuld t lst bst th dmrlsd SWG by gvng th grup pstv sns f drctn.

Rvvl

Mnwhl, nthr dvlpmnt whch ltr prvd t b sgnfcnt n rltn t rgrupmnt ccurrd n Hbrt. Ths ws th frmtn, t th nd f My 1975, f th Sclst Lbur Club (SLC), bnd f but dzn rvlutnrs cmng ut f cupl f prvusly smllr sclst clubs.

n f th sgnfcnt ldrs f th SLC ws Rn Ry, wh hs smtms bn clld th `chld prdgy' f th ustrln Lft. t th g f 14, lrdy wll rd n rvlutnry sclst pltcs, h jnd th Hbrt LP s n `ntrst' rvlutnry. Gnng supprt fr hs mltnt pltcs, Ry xprncd mtrc rs n crdblty wthn th lft-wng f th Tsmnn Lbr Prty. t th g f 16 h ws prsdnt f th LP's Hbrt brnch nd ntnl Yung Lbr ssctn (YL)'s dlgt t th prty's Ntnl Cnfrnc t Surfrs Prds n Jnury 1973. Th dly md tk grt dlght n splshng pht f `yung rdcl' dlgt Ry psng wth Gugh Whtlm, nd drwn-ut fctn fght btwn th Lft nd Rght n th Tsmnn LP (n whch Ry ws t th cntr - th Rght-wng wr ttmptng t hv hm xplld) ws ls rprtd by th md frm tm t tm. Sm SWG mmbrs hd mt Ry n Jnury 1975 t th US Cuncl nd dscvrd tht h ws nt nly fmlr wth th pltcs f th vrss S tndncy, but ls hd mny rs f grmnt wth thm. Frm ths tm n, rgulr cntct ws mntnd btwn Ry nd SWG. Wth th frmtn f th SLC, SWG blvd ths grup culd b mprtnt n futur Rgrupmnt f th ustrln rvlutnry Lft, nd Grffths ttndd th fundng cnfrnc f th SLC n lt My. but thr mnths ltr, s Rgrupmnt dscussns dvlpd, Grffths md nthr vst t Hbrt.

s rgrupmnt prspcts pnd up nd gv SWG mld bst, th grup tk n nthr ctvty. Ths ws th bgnnngs f th blu-cllr rnk nd fl brdsht, plnnd t th SWG Cnfrnc n Mrch. t ws clld Rnk nd Fl Mttl, pun bng ntndd n th wrd `mttl' snc t ws bsd n th mtls ndustry. Ths ttl ws ltr chngd t Rnk nd Fl Mtl (n Jnury 1976) ftr numbr f SWG mmbrs blvd tht th pun ws frm f `undrgrdut' humr, nt pprctd by wrkrs. n mprtnt scndry ldr f SWG, Kvn Bn ( frmr Mnsh RvCmm) hd gt hmslf jb s mtlwrkr nd ws bl t prvd much nsd nfrmtn fr Rnk nd Fl Mttl, f whch h ws dtr fr mst f ts yr-r-s xstnc. Bn hs bn n f th fw mmbrs f th grup t hv sly dptd t wrkng n fctrs nd t wn n-th-jb crdblty wth wrkrs. n 1976 h ws t bcm shp stwrd (fr th mtlwrkrs' unn th MWSU) t Rpc's st Brghtn plnt, pstn h hld untl My 1978, whn h lft fr n xtndd vrss trp. Th frst ssu f Rnk nd Fl Mttl pprd n Jun 1975 nd ws publshd n -rughly mnthly bss fr but yr. t nvr chvd ny strtlng ntrvntnst succss, but t dd stblsh mr mnngful cntct btwn SWG nd numbr f mtlwrkr mltnts. t ls prbbly ssstd n Bn's lctn s Rpc shp stwrd, ths bng frly mltnt plnt. Wht crdblty Rnk nd Fl Mttl dd chv, ws supplmntd by Th Bttlr, whch crrd cnstnt rtcls wrttn by Bn, n th stt f th mtlwrkrs' wg clms nd th `sll-uts' by th Cmmunst Prty MWSU ffcls. Th Bttlr ws sld t mny mtlwrkrs t vrus plnts, usully frm th utsd, thugh Bn sld t n th jb t Rpc. Rnk nd Fl Mttl ws ls dstrbutd t numbr f plnts, usully by SWG studnt mmbrs hndng t t wrkrs s thy rrvd fr wrk.

n th sprng f 1975 nthr blu-cllr rnk nd fl brdsht ws brfly publshd by SWG. studnt mmbr wrkd fr cupl f mnths t th bg Frd Trucks plnt t Brdmdws, nd whl h ws thr but thr ssus pprd f SWG-prducd brdsht clld n th Ln, md t cr-ndustry mltnts. t ws dstrbutd, n th sm mnnr s Rnk nd Fl Mttl, t tw r thr cr plnts n Mlburn, but ds nt ppr t hv hd ny nflunc.

Mmbrshp f SWG strtd t pck up lttl but Jun, wth th rcrutmnt f Khn nd Mrgn, bth wll-rspctd mltnts t Mnsh. Th SWG ldrshp nw blvd furthr bst culd b gvn t th mmbrshp's mrl by hldng nthr cnfrnc. t th frst SWG Cnfrnc bck n ugust 1973 th grup dptd bsc prncpls f Lnnst rgnztn - tht s, t ws t b dscplnd grup (mmbrs culd nt publcly xprss vwpnt dffrnt frm th grup's mjrty, nd mmbrs wuld ccpt drctn f th grup n ll thr pltcl ctvty) nd hv ldrshp lctd n pltcl (rthr thn dmnstrtv) bss. Th ldrshp nw blvd tht th dptn f mr dtld dmcrtc-cntrlst structur, wuld furthr rduc ny rmnng pthy by gvng th PC mr uthrty t prd mmbrs nt ctvty. nd cnsqunc f mr ffcnt rgnztn nd ctvty wuld b, t ws hpd, mrl bst fr th grup s whl. S th mn gnd tm fr th n-dy Cnfrnc (SWG's ffth nd lst), hld n July 1975, ws th prsnttn f PC-ndrsd dcumnt whch ntndd strngthnng f th grup. t ws prsntd nt nly wthn th frmwrk f bng dsgnd t bst th grup's unty, ffcncy nd mrl, but ls tht ts cntrlst spcts (llwng n nsttutnlsd utnmy fr brnchs, whch wr t b purly rgnzng unts f th grup s whl) wuld b mprtnt n lyng th fundtns fr ntnl rgnztn whch nw pprd t b rlzbl m bcus f th frthcmng Rgrupmnt dscussns.

n f th ky fturs f th PC dcumnt ws th prvsn tht th PC hd th rspnsblty, mng thrs, f sttng mmbrshp dus nd dtrmnng th xstnc f brnchs, nd tht t hd th rght t xpl mmbrs. Th PC's pwrs wr lmtd t th xtnt tht Cnfrnc r (whl th grup xstd nly n Mlburn) Gnrl Mtng culd vrturn ts dcsns. t ws rgud tht th PC ndd th pwr t mk such dcsns but brnchs, dus, mmbrshp bcus mrgncy stutns my rs, nd tht, nc th grup ws ntnl rgnztn th mmbrshp culd n lngr b gt tgthr t mk ths dcsns, xcpt t Cnfrnc.

n ltrntv dcumnt, prsntd by mmbr Phl ltn, rcgnzd th nd fr th ldrshp t hv ths pwrs n ntnl rgnztn, but rgud tht thy wr n unncssry rstrctn n th mmbrshp's dcsn-mkng nttv whl th grup ws cnfnd t Mlburn, whch culd ld t furthr lss f mrl, rthr thn strngthnng t. Mmbrshp dus, th frmtn/dsslutn f brnchs, nd stutns whr mmbr r mmbrs my nd t b xplld fr cntrvnng grup plcy, wr nt f such urgncy, rgud ltn, tht thy culdn't wt fr th nxt Gnrl Mtng r fr th cnvnng f spcl gnrl mtng - rltvly sy tsk whl ll th mmbrs wr n Mlburn.

ssntlly, ltn ws rgung tht th PC dcumnt ws prmtur, nd shuld thrfr b dptd s th bss fr futur ntnl SWG rgnztn, rthr thn bng mplmntd mmdtly. Th ldrshp cuntrd by nccurtly rgung tht ltn's dcumnt ws `fdrlst', whch, bng cntrry t dmcrtc-cntrlst rgnztn, shuld b rjctd. (Whl ltn's dcumnt cntnd sm unncssry rstrctns n th ldrshp, t ws cntrlst n ts drctn - t gv n utnmy r dcsn-mkng pwrs t th brnchs.) Ths lst rgumnt sly swung th mmbrshp nd dptn f th PC's dcumnt ws vrwhlmngly crrd.

Th sgnfcnc f ths dbt ws nt n tht t ws mjr dvsn n numrcl trms (nly n mmbr vtd wth ltn), but tht t dd prduc grtr sns f unty nd cnsqunt bst n mrl. nd whl th cntnt f th PC's rgumnts prvdd th ldrshp wth grtr mrl uthrty wthn SWG, th mmdtly dscrnbl ncrs n chsn ws rsult f th ntur f th dbt tslf. ltn's dcumnt plrsd dbt whch thrws wuld hv bn lck-lustr nd lss drctly unfyng. rnclly, th ctul prsnttn f n ltrntv cclrtd th mrl bstng prcss whch bth th PC nd ltn hd hpd wuld b th utcm f thr rspctv pstns.

Shrtly ftr th July Cnfrnc n ndvdul jnd SWG wh prvd t b f sm sgnfcnc. Ths ws Jff Gldhr, wh hd prtcptd n th ld MWG fr cupl f mnths, sm thr yrs bfr. Whl trvllng n Nrth mrc nd Brtn, Gldhr hd cm nt cntct wth S grups nd bcm cnvncd f S pltcs. Lrnng tht frmr fllw-ctvsts hd frgd MWG nt n S grup, Gldhr jnd SWG upn hs rrvl bck n ustrl n July 1975. H nt nly prmptly jnd, but quckly bcm cntrl fgur n th grup.

qulfd slctr nd xprncd n fnncl mngmnt (h ws frmr Trsurr f th Vctrn YL), h tk vr numbr f mprtnt functns n SWG such s Trsurr, ffc-mngr f th SWG cntr, lgl dvsr, nd mngr f th SWG bk srvc.

Th bksrvc hs nvr bn vry lbrt ntrprs n trms f sls nd turnvr. t bgn n th rly dys f th grup, dstrbutng nd sllng fw pmphlts frm vrss S grups. ftr th cqustn f th Blck Plc cntr, smll bkshp ws stblshd n th ffc fyr. ts ptrns wr mstly SWG mmbrs, wth n ccsnl sl t frnds nd cntcts f th grup. Th bksrvc pprs lwys t hv bn mr cncrnd wth ctng s whlsl dstrbutr t lcl lft-wng bkshps, such s ths run by th CP, fr vrss S publshrs (Brtn's Plut Prss, th US's Sun Prss) rthr thn rtl utft.

Gldhr ntcbly upgrdd th srvc but t rmnd lw-ky ffr. lthugh smll prft ws md n sm lns, t nvr pprs t hv nttd th grup ny mny s rvnu ws plughd bck nt ncrsd stcks.

n 1977 ustrln S bgn ts wn publshng `hus' clld Rdbck Prss, whch publshd fw pmphlts wrttn by lcl S mmbrs nd, fr tm, rvvd Frnt Ln.

f th prspcts f rgrupmnt, th rcrutmnt f fw ky mltnts, nd th July Cnfrnc, ll cntrbutd t n ncrs n SWG's mrl n th wntr f 1975, cupl f vnts ccurrd n ugust whch wr t gv th grup rl sht n th rm. Ths wr tw strks - n by prntrs t th Hrld nd Wkly Tms Ltd, th thr by mtwrkrs mplyd thrughut Vctr by th mjr slughtrng cmpns nd suprmrkt chns. Th prnt wrkrs wr fghtng n ttmpt by th bsss t smsh thr unn, th PKU. Th mtwrkrs wr fghtng undr wrd pymnts t suprmrkt butchrs, fr gnrl wg ncrs, nd fr nn-dy frtnght.

Th Bttlr prsntd gd xps f th srt f mnpultv tctcs mplyrs us n thr ffrts t crush unnsm:

Th trubl rs ftr unns cvrng wrkrs t th g nd th Hrld-Sun srvd lg f clms n th nwsppr wnrs. Th bsss sw thr chnc. Thy ffrd py ncrs f 5% n cndtn tht th Prntng nd Kndrd ndustrs Unn (cvrng trdsmn) llwd 22 ldng hnds t th thr pprs t b xmpt frm unn mmbrshp. Wth th ntrductn f lctrnc cmputr scnnng qupmnt, ths 22 nn-unnsts wuld b bl t put ut th nwspprs thrugh strk. t ws bltnt ttmpt by th wnrs t smsh unnsm n th pprs.

SWG mmbrs dd much supprt wrk fr th pckts n bth strks, prtculrly n th prntng dsput, whr prctclly th ntr SWG mmbrshp f twnty spnt t lst sm tm n th pckt lns, mny fr svrl ll-nght vgls. SWG lflt cllng n thr wrkrs t cm nd supprt th prntrs' pckt ws dstrbutd n lttrbxs thrughut lrg Husng Cmmssn rs whr Th Bttlr ws rgulrly sld. Ths prbbly hd lttl ffct, but t dmnstrtd th srus ffrt th grup ws puttng nt ttmptng t mbls supprt fr th wrkrs. (Ths lttrbxng ls prcpttd n f th svrl ttcks th rghtwng NCC Nws Wkly hs md n SWG/S.)

fw mmbrs ls spnt th nght n vgls n th mtwrkrs pckts t th slughtrng wrks n Mlburn's wstrn suburbs. Grffths n prtculr stblshd gd rpprt wth th strkng slughtrmn, whch hs rsultd n lstng cntct btwn th grup nd numbr f mltnts n th ndustry.

Mny mmbrs ls struck up gd cmmunctn wth th prntng strkrs, numbr f whm lkd th Bttlr. shp stwrd t th Hrld-Sun sld 40 r 50 Bttlrs n th jb (ftr th tw-wk strk ndd n dft) nd th ppr's rprt n th strk ws wll rcvd. Th Bttlr's rprt n th mtwrkrs' strk, whch cntnd ntrvws by Grffths wth mltnts n th pckt ln, ls stblshd th ppr's crdblty wth numbr f ths wrkrs.

n numbr f ccsns n subsqunt yrs S hs plyd much grtr ntrvntnst rl thn t dd n ths tw prtculr dsputs. Th sgnfcnc f ths tw strks ws tht t ws th frst tm tht substntl numbr f th grup's mmbrs wr t stblsh rpprt wth blu-cllr wrkrs, nd gn drct xprnc n th pckt ln. n ths struggls brught hm vry clrly t mmbrs th bs f th Stt. f th plc wr nutrl. , thy wuldn't hv bn thr prtctng th scbs nd hrssng th pckts lmst t th pnt f utrght ttck. Ths tw strks ls prvdd th grup wth ts frst prmnnt nd mnngful cntct wth blu-cllr mltnts utsd th mtl ndustry. Th ctvty nd xprnc f ths struggls cmpltly rvtlsd th grup.

By lt ugust 1975, SWG ws wll nd truly `bck n th trcks'.

Th Tm Dsput

t ws ls n lt ugust tht nthr ntrnl dsput dvlpd whch hd sm sgnfcnc. t Ltrb, ldng RvCmm ws Jy Tm, n ctvst wth cnsdrbl crdblty n cmpus, prtculrly wth wmn's lbrtnsts. Tm hd jnd th grup n th sprng f 1974, durng th rcrutmnt `rush' n th wk f th Mnsh ccuptn. Just prr t ths, hr fthr hd dd nd sh hd tkn vr th mngmnt f th fmly's busnss ( smll rtl lqur str nd trvl gncy) whch mplyd mmbrs f th fmly plus hndful f thr wrkrs s wll. Th fmly's ncm dpndd n th busnss nd Tm ws th nly n n th fmly n pstn t mng t.


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