The socialist workers party 1951-1979

The Socialist Workers Party (the International Socialists) has grown into an organization capable of small but significant interventions in the class struggle, and with a real possibility of laying the foundations for a revolutionary party in Britain.

23.06.2010
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TH SCLST WRKRS PRTY 1951-1979

(mstr's thss)

ntrductn

vr th pst dcd th Sclst Wrkrs Prty (frmrly th ntrntnl Sclsts) hs grwn nt n rgnstn cpbl f smll but sgnfcnt ntrvntns n th clss struggl, nd wth rl pssblty f lyng th fundtns fr rvlutnry prty n Brtn. Mny cmrds wh hv jnd th SWP n ths prd, r wh hv wrkd lngsd us, qut rghtly wnt t knw whr w hv sprung frm.

Th fllwng wrk wll sktch ut th hstry f th SWP nd ts prdcssr grups vr th pst thrty yrs. Th m s nt t nswr ll th slndrs thrwn t us by rvl grupngs; nr s t t prv tht w wr lwys rght--w crtnly wrn't.

`Wthut rvlutnry thry thr s n rvlutnry prctc', sd Lnn n much-qutd phrs. But, s Lnn's whl lf shws, crrct thry s ncssry but nt nugh. f th thry s nt dptd nd fught fr by wrkrs, t s wrthlss bstrctn. Th hstry f th SWP s th hstry f th cntnud ttmpt t turn thry nt prctc.

Th fllwng brf hstry cnssts f thr rtcls. Th frst tw wr wrttn n rly 1975 nd publshd n ntrntnl Sclsm 76 nd 77 n tht sm yr. Th thrd, whch tks th stry up t th 1979 Try lctn vctry, hs bn wrttn n 1981. Rdrs my thrfr ntc crtn dscrpncs f styl nd prspctv btwn th frst tw rtcls nd th thrd.

n prtculr th clsng sctn f th scnd rtcl ws wrttn t tm whn t ws stll nt clr t ny f us hw lng nd dp th dwnturn n struggl tht fllwd th Lbur lctn vctry ws gng t b. hv thrfr dlt wth ths prd, nd th ntrnl dbt tht rs durng t, gn n grtr dtl n th thrd rtcl, t th prc f crtn vrlp. Th mst glrng mssn n th frst tw rtcls, hwvr, s ny trtmnt f th dvlpmnt f wmn's rgnstn n th ntrntnl Sclsts. hv trd t mk mnds fr ths n th thrd rtcl.

shrp ttck n th ccunt prsntd n th frst tw rtcls hs bn md by Mrtn Shw, frmr S mmbr, n Th Sclst Rgstr 1978 (Mrln Prss). Ths rtcl, nd my rply n Th Sclst Rgstr 1979, my b f ntrst t ny rdrs wh wnt t tk th rgumnt furthr thn s pssbl n ths shrt rtcl. Lkws, Dvd Wdgry's Th Lft n Brtn 1956-1968 (Pngun 1976) cntns much ntrstng mtrl rlvnt t th rlr prt f ths hstry.

shuld lk t thnk Nrh Crln nd Duncn Hlls fr dvc nd crtcsm durng th wrtng f ll thr f ths rtcls.

Prt 1: Frm thry nt prctc

1950-1960: TH FRST TN YRS

TH RGNS f th ntrntnl Sclsts r n th Trtskyst mvmnt. Th hstrcl chvmnt f Trtskysm ws t kp lv th Mrxst mthd nd ts nsstnc n th rvlutnry rl f th wrkng clss n th fc f th brbrus dstrtns f Stlnsm. Sm xcllnt rvlutnrs swllwd vry brbrty nd chng f ln frm Mscw bcus thr smd t b n ltrntv; thrs wr s scknd wth Stlnsm tht thy wrt ff th Russn Rvlutn ltgthr nd bcm scl dmcrts r vn drftd t th xtrm rght. Th chvmnt f Trtskysm n prsrvng Mrxst ds nd kpng tgthr smll grup f Mrxst cdrs fr utwghs ny thrtcl rrrs r ncdntl bsurdts.

But th 15 yrs tht fllwd th Scnd Wrld Wr ffrd vry hstl nvrnmnt fr rvlutnrs, n nvrnmnt n whch thrughut th wrld nt-Stlnst Mrxsts fund thmslvs cnfnd t tny grups n th mrgns f th wrkng clss.

Thr wr tw mn rsns fr ths. Frstly th Cld Wr, bgnnng n 1947, ld t mssv pltcl nd dlgcl ssult n th Lft. Whl thr ws nthng cmprbl t McCrthysm n Brtn, thr ws systmtc wtch-hunt f Cmmunsts n th trd unn mvmnt, whl publshng huss turnd ut flds f psud-ntllctul `rfuttns' f Mrxsm.

Scndly, nd vn mr fundmntlly, th prlngd pst-wr bm md t xcptnlly hrd t rlt pltcl ds t th ctul xprnc f wrkrs. Th pltcl nd cnmc struggls smd t b ttlly sprt. n th tn yrs frm 1953 t 1962 thr wr nly 30 `cnsttutnl' stppgs n th ngnrng ndustry, nd n th fv yrs frm 1954 t 1958 thr wr nn t ll. s Th cnmst rthr sdly cmmntd: `full mplymnt snc th wr hs nt ld t mr strks bcus th unns, nw mr hghly rgnsd thn vr, hv bn gttng thr wn wy wthut rcurs t thm.' Th cnmst, 6 prl 1957 n shrt, wrkrs wr bl t slv thr mmdt prblms wthut ny knd f gnrlstn. Th ffts sw th grwth f th shp stwrds mvmnt s w knw t tdy, but thy ls sw th Try Prty r-lctd wth ncrsd mjrts t thr succssv lctns.

Thngs hd chngd rdclly snc th rly yrs f Trtskysm, nd th mvmnt hd t rcnsdr th bss f ts pltcs. Vry brfly, thr wr tw mn ssus. Fr fullr trtmnt f th qustns s D. Hlls, `Buldng th Ldrshp' (S 40), nd `Furth ntrntnl n Dcln' (S 60); ls Th rgns f th ntrntnl Sclsts (Lndn 1971). Frstly, Trtsky's prspctv fr th mmdt pr-wr prd hd bn tht th cmng wr wuld nd n mssv crss wth grt rvlutnry pssblts. H ws wrng. n th shrt trm th mss Cmmunst Pncs hdd ff rvlutn; n th lngr trm Mrshll d nd th dvlpmnt f th rms cnmy pnd up nw prd f cptlst xpnsn. Ths mnt nd t r-xmn rdclly thrtcl vws f mdm cptlsm.

Th scnd qustn tht cnfrntd th mvmnt ws n tht hd lrdy bn much dscussd - th s-clld `Russn qustn'. Up t hs dth Trtsky hd lwys rgud tht Russ, dspt Stln's crms, rmnd wrkrs' stt, thugh `dgnrtd' n; h rjctd th vw tht Russ hd rvrtd t cptlsm, r tht nw frm f clss scty hd grwn up thr. By th lt frts, hwvr, nw lmnt ntrd th dbt. Fllwng th grt crv-up f th wrld t th nd f th Scnd Wrld Wr, Russ hd tkn vr numbr f cuntrs n strn urp nd stblshd rgms thr whch wr bcmng mr r lss dntcl wth th st-up n Russ. Th qustn tht rs ws - wr ths t wrkrs' Stts? f nt, hw cm thy smd t functn n xctly th sm wy s Russ? f thy wr, thn ddn't tht mn yu culd hv wrkrs' stt wthut wrkrs' rvlutn nd wthut n ndpndnt, rvlutnry prty?

t ws n ths stutn tht grupng wthn th Brtsh Trtskyst mvmnt dvlpd th thry tht Russ, nd th st urpn stts, wr `stt cptlst'. Th thry s xpundd mst fully n T Clff. Russ, Mrxst nlyss (Lndn, 1974) (n xpnsn f th rgnl dcumnt frm 1948). shrtr nd mr rdbl ccunt s C Hrmn, `Th strn Blc' n Wrld Crss. (Lndn 1971). Th mn thrtcl lbrtn ws th wrk f Tny Clff. Th thrtcl cnfusn n th Trtskyst mvmnt ws ccmpnd by dgnrtn n th rgnstn nd th stndrd f ntrnl dbt. s rsult th cmrds wh hld th "stt cptlst' pstn wr thr xplld r lft, nd lt n 1950 bgn t publsh duplctd ppr Sclst Rvw. Th nw grup, tkng ts nm frm th ppr, hld ts fundng cnfrnc t Whtsuntd 1951.

T n utsdr th dbt but th `clss ntur f Russ' ftn sms rd nd lmst thlgcl. But th ssu ws vry rl n. Th `stt cptlst' thry strssd tht wht ws cntrl t th clss ntur f scty ws nt frml wnrshp, but cntrl. Th bsnc f wrkrs' cntrl n Russ ws nt dfct n n thrws prgrssv systm, t ws clr ndctn (ht th systm ws n n sns wrkrs' stt. Th cntrl pstn tht `wrkrs' cntrl' lwys hd n S's pltcl nlyss nd ndustrl strtgy drvs drctly frm th thry f stt cptlsm.

t s smtms llgd tht th crtn f th Sclst Rvw grup rprsntd sm srt f cncssn t Cld Wr prssur t th tm f th Krn Wr. n fct, th Krn Wr ws nt th ssu t th hrt f th splt. Rthr t ws th shmlssly pprtunst supprt fr Tt's Yugslv by th rst f th Trtskyst mvmnt Cf rgns f th ntrntnl Sclsts, pp. 49-62, 96-7, 102. frm 1948 nwrds tht hghlghtd th prncpld dffrncs. Mrvr, nyn wh n 1950 wntd t `cptult' t pr-mrcn prssurs hd plnty f thr nd mr cmfrtbl pnngs vlbl; n culd bcm rght-wng wtch-huntr n th Lbur Prty r trd unn mvmnt, r jn th crcls f Wshngtn-fnncd nt-Cmmunst ntllctuls. nd fr ths wh rsstd th prssur t gv n t Wstrn mprlsm, thr ws stll th dngr f submttng t Stlnst prssur - f tkng mr r lss uncrtcl tttud t Yugslv, Nrth Kr r thr Stlnst stts. t ws prcsly ths trp tht th rst f th Trtskyst mvmnt ws fllng nt. By s dng t ws bndnng th vry ssnc f Trtskysm, nmly, ndpndnc f bth Wstrn mprlsm nd Stlnsm.

Frm th bgnnng th Sclst Rvw grup md n cncssns t th Wstrn llnc nd th Suth Krn dcttrshp t supprtd. Th Lbur mvmnt must pps th llnc wth Trumn, dnur, Syngmn Rh nd th thr rprsnttvs f `Wstrn Dmcrcy'; thy must fght fr n llnc wth th mllns f tlrs f urp, s, frc nd th rst f th wrld. dtrl. Sclst Rvw, Vl 1. N 6, Nvmbr-Dcmbr 1951 t dnuncd th `full-scl clnl wrs' n Vtnm nd Mly. Sclst Rvw, Vl 1, N 4. My 1951.

Th lgc f th pstn tht th strn urpn stts wr `wrkrs' stts' ws, f curs, tht rvlutnry prts wr nt ncssry fr th stblshmnt f wrkrs' stts. Th Sclst Rvw grup, n th thr hnd, strssd tht nly th wrkng clss culd stblsh sclsm; nd tht t ws ncssry t buld ndpndnt wrkrs' prts. s rslutn crrd t n rly ntnl mtng f th grup 9-10 Dcmbr 1950. Whr n publshd surc s gvn fr quttns. thy r tkn frm unpublshd mnuts nd ntrnl dcumnts f th rgnstn. put t, `ur grupng, bsd n th cncptn f Russ s Stt-cptlst cuntry, s th nuclus f tht nw Mrxst prty, nd cn b bult frmly NLY n th ccptnc f prty dscpln n th trdtn f Blshvsm undr Lnn's ldrshp.'

Th thr ssntl cmpnnt f S's bsc thry ws ls dvlpd t ths tm. Ths ws th d f th `prmnnt rms cnmy', Mst fully xpundd n M. Kdrn, Wstrn Cptlsm snc th Wr, Lndn 1968). whch sught t xpln hw th prlngd pst-wr bm ws pssbl. Th rgumnt tht t ws rms xpndtur tht ws pstpnng cptlst crss ws vtl fr n rgumnt n tw frnts. n th n hnd th Cmmunst Prty nd mst sctns f th Trtskyst mvmnt rfusd t rcgns ny sgnfcnt chng n th cptlst systm; slump ws prdctd vry tm th unmplymnt fgurs, wnt up fw hundrd. n th thr hnd thrsts f th Lbur Prty rght - such s nthny Crslnd - rgud tht th systm hd bn fundmntlly trnsfrmd nd tht xpnsn nd rfrms culd cntnu ndfntly.

gnst ths th rms cnmy thry rgud tht th pst-wr bm ws prlngd nd dp-rtd phnmnn, nd tht rvlutnrs must pln thr strtgy ccrdngly. But gnst th rfrmsts t rgud tht cptlst stblty ws bught nly t th prc f crtng wpns tht culd dstry humnty tslf; mrvr, tht th crss culd nt b put ff ndfntly:

Th wr cnmy my thus lss nd lss srv s cur fr vr-prductn, stblsr f cptlst prsprty. Whn th wr cnmy bcms xpndbl, th knll f th cptlst bm wll surly tll. T Clff. Sclst Rvw. My 1957.

Tgthr wth `stt cptlsm' th rms cnmy thry quppd th mgr frcs f th Sclst Rvw grup t fc rlty.

Splts r nt t b undrtkn lghtly n th rvlutnry mvmnt. Unty f ctn cmbnd wth full nd frtrnl dbt s ftn prfrbl slutn. But whn th whl qustn f pltcl drctn nd strtgy s t stk, splt bcms nvtbl. n ths trms th splt f 1950 ws justfd.

Mrxsts r nt ftlsts, nd n ny hstrcl prd thr s smthng fr rvlutnry t d. But thr r hstrcl stutns whr bjctv fctrs prvnt rvlutnry ds frm rchng mss udnc. n such stutn smll grups cn ply vtl rl smply n kpng th rvlutnry flm lght. Mrx n lttr t Blt wrt: `Scts r justfd (hstrclly) s lng s th wrkng clss s nt yt rp fr n ndpndnt hstrcl mvmnt.' Mrx & ngls, Slctd Crrspndnc. p. 326.

But t ccpt th ncssty fr sct s nt t justfy sctrnsm. crrct nlyss, n ts wn, gurnts nthng. numbr f thr grupngs wth Stt cptlst nlyss f Russ mrgd rund ths tm n vrus prts f th wrld. Mst f thm cthr just dspprd, r gt lst n th luntc frng f sctrn pltcs.

Such dngrs wr vry rl ns fr th nwly frmd Sclst Rvw grup. t th frst rcrdd mtng (Sptmbr 1950) thr wr just 33 mmbrs rprsntd. Grups xstd n Lndn, Thms Vlly, Crw, Brmnghm, Shffld nd Mnchstr. 19 f th 33 wr n th Lbur Lgu f Yuth. lthugh t ws clmd ths 33 rprsntd qurtr f th ttl frcs f Brtsh Trtskysm, t ws nnthlss mnut frc. 350 cps f th frst ssu f th ppr wr prducd; sls wr pprntly suffcntly ncurgng fr th fgur t b rsd fr th scnd ssu ... t 375!

Fr ny smll grup thr r tw ppst ptflls. n s t s tslf s th cntr f th unvrs, nd thus bcm bsssd wth dfndng tslf gnst ts qully nsgnfcnt rvls. Th thr s t surrndr t ts wn mptnc, nd thrfr t prjct th jb f mkng th rvlutn n t smn ls - th clnl rvlutn, th lft trd unn ldrs, r whtvr. xmpls f bth rrrs bund.

Th Sclst Rvw grup ws, thrughut th ffts, purly prpgnd grup, t ws nt bl t mk ny mnngful ntrvntn n th clss struggl. But prpgnd hs t hv n udnc; nd unlss rvlutnry grup rmns n ntmt cntct wth ts udnc, th dngrs f fllng nt cmplt fntsy wrld r grt ndd. Thrughut th ffts th Sclst Rvw grup, dspt ts lmtd numbrs, lwys strv t rlt t th ctul prblms f th wrkng clss. Mnuts f th dscussn f th ppr Sclst Rvw dtng frm 1951 19 Sptmbr, 10 Nvmbr. shw cncrn t mk th ppr rlt. `Th mn pnts wr tht thr ws nt nugh n Brtn, nd dtrls shuld b n Brtsh mttrs'; `t ws gnrlly flt t b stll t much cmpsd f nt-Stlnst rtcls.'

n prctc ths mnt wrk n th Lbur Prty. ll mmbrs wr xpctd t b ctv n th Lbur Prty; bfr th 1951 Gnrl lctn drctv ws ssud sttng: `t s mst ncssry tht ur cmrds bcm knwn t th wrkng clss n thr lcl rs s th mst nrgtc nd nt-Try Lbur Prty wrkrs.'

But Lbur Prty wrk ws nt undrtkn n th bss f mpndng crss; thr ws n xpcttn f mmnnt splt, n hp f cpturng th ldrshp f sctn f th Prty. n prd f stblty, whn th trdtnl Lbur Lft ws dclnng n strngth nd pwr t mbls, such prspctv culd hv ld t dngrus pprtunsm (s ws th cs wth Sclst utlk - publshd by th frrunnrs f th Sclst Lbur Lgu (nw th Wrkrs Rvlutnry Prty) - whch pnd ts clumns t Prty burucrts lk Bss Brddck). Th Lbur Prty ws sn s n rn whch md t pssbl t kp cntct wth th wrkng clss mvmnt, nd s surc f rcruts. Th lttr ws, f curs, prtculrly pplcbl n th cs f th yuth mvmnt. rslutn crrd n Dcmbr 1950 sttd: `Tht w cncntrt n th nxt prd n rcrutng, nd drct ur prmry ffrts twrds th Lgu f Yuth, ccptng ll lmnts wh wll ccpt ur thrtcl pstn, vn thugh thr thrtcl lvl s lw.'

Trd unn ntrvntn ws ncssrly vry lmtd fr smll grup wth fw ndustrl wrkrs. But prrty ws lwys gvn t th fw pprtunts tht dd xst. Mnuts f th frst fw mnths f th grup's xstnc rcrd dscussn f th cmng USDW Cnfrnc, t whch cmrd ws t b dlgt, nd th rcmmndtn tht cmrd shuld stnd fr th NC f NLG. Thr ws rgulr wrk n th Brmnghm Trds Cuncl.

nd n 1959 Gff Crlssn, fundr mmbr f th grup nd cnvnr t th NV fctry n Nrth Wst Lndn, rn fr th Prsdncy f th U. Th numbr f U mmbrs n th grup culd hv bn cuntd n th fngrs f n hnd, nd thr ws n ntrvntn thr thn th wrk f ndvduls. But cnddts hd th rght t crcult n lctn ddrss, nd Crlssn usd ths t put frwrd n ltrntv plcy fr th unn. ftr crtcsng th rght-wng ldrshp f th unn fr flng t gv ld vr wgs r rdundncs, h wnt n:

`n th lctns vr th pst yrs, mmbrs brn bd t chs btwn cnddts bckd by th rght wng Lbur r th Cmmunst Prty. Th chc hs nt bn sy. lthugh mst mmbrs w llgnc t th Lbur Prty, thy cnnt ccpt th plcs pursud by th rght wng f th Trd Unns nd Lbur Prty whn ths hv ncludd wg-frzng, clss-cllbrtn nd "sll-uts". ltrntvly, lthugh thy rspct th mltnt ctvts f th ndvdul Cmmunst Prty mmbr n th dly struggls n th shp flr, thy cnnt gnr th xtrnl lylts f th Cmmunst Prty t Russ; nr frgt th nt-wrkng-clss msurs dptd by tht cuntry n st Brln, Pznn, Hungry, tc.'

Tht thr ws sm rspns t ths pstn ws shwn by th vtng; Crlssn, wthut ny mchn t hs dspsl, gt 5615 vts ut f ttl f 91,400, gnst 57,127 fr rght-wngr Cn-n nd 19,799 fr Cmmunst Prty mmbr Brch.

t ws nt th cncrt chvmnts f ny f th ctvts f th ffts tht mttrd; thy wr, f curs, qut nglgbl. Wht dd mttr ws n rnttn t th wrkng clss, n rnttn tht ws t mk ntrvntn pssbl whn thngs httd up n th sxts.

1960-64: NW PNNGS

N 1960 th Sclst Rvw grup ws nt sgnfcntly bggr thn t hd bn tn yrs rlr. ts smll sz hd prvntd t bnftng frm th vnts f 1956--th rdclstn cusd by th Try nvsn f gypt nd th splt n th Cmmunst Prty fllwng th Hungrn Rvlutn. But nw nw pssblts bcknd.

Th nuclr rms rc hd brught rltv stblty t th Wstrn cnms. But, rnclly, t ws th nuclr rms rc whch sprkd ff wht ws t b th bggst mss mvmnt n th lft snc th thrts. Th Cmpgn fr Nuclr Dsrmmnt, cllng fr uncndtnl unltrl bndnmnt f nuclr wpns by Brtn, ws st up by hndful f ntllctuls nd pcfsts n 1958. Th mvmnt grw rpdly ut f th cntrl f ts lunchrs, nd t str 1960 nd 1961 but hundrd thusnd ppl tk prt n th mrchs frm ldrmstn - mst f thm yung nd sgnfcnt prprtn wrkng clss. t th Scrbrugh Lbur Prty Cnfrnc n 1960 rslutn fr unltrl dsrmmnt ws crrd gnst th rsstnc f th Prry ldr, Gtskll, nd th rght-wng pltfrm.

Mst mprtnt f ll, th dmnstrtns nd lcl CND grups prvdd n nttn nt pltcs fr whl nw gnrtn f yung ppl. Mst f thm hd lttl xprnc f th Lbur Prty, thugh sm f thm ltr mvd nt ts yuth mvmnt. Th Cmmunst Prty, t, ws bsnt n th rly yrs f th Cmpgn, rgung tht t ws `dvsv'. S 'Zgzg: Th CP nd th Bmb' n S 3.

f curs t culdn't lst lng. Th 1961 Lbur Prty Cnfrnc sw th mchn gt bck n tp, nd wth th pprch f Gnrl lctn th Lbur Lft bgn t rtrt n th nm f `unty'. By 1963 th Cmpgn ws dfntly n th dcln.

Fr th Sclst Rvw grup ths nw upsurg ffrd th chnc t brk ut f th rutn f Lbur Prty nd trd unn wrk. Wthut bndnng ts fundmntl rnttn n th wrkng clss. Sclst Rvw (nw prntd frtnghtly) trd t fnd n udnc mng ths nwly rdclsd by th CND.

Sclst Rvw's rjctn f cptlsm st nd Wst - summd up n th slgn `Nthr Wshngtn nr Mscw but ntrntnl Sclsm' - clrly mnt tht t cndmnd qully Brtsh, mrcn nd Russn H-bmbs. Ths dstngushd t frm th Cmmunst Prty, nd frm crtn `rthdx' Trtskyst grupngs - ntbly th SLL - whch rgud tht th Svt pssssn f H-bmbs (nd by mplctn thr pssbl us gnst Wstrn wrkrs) ws smhw dffrnt - Th Sclst Rvw pstn ws crtnly clsr t th mpulsv rctns f th mjrty f CND supprtrs, vn f mst f thm dd nt hv vry clr nlyss t bck t up. s rsult f ts pltcs nd ctvty, th Sclst Rvw grup ws bl, n th rly sxts, t rcrut nw st f cdrs t supplmnt th smll numbr wh hd survvd th prssurs f th ffts.

But whl Sclst Rvw supprtrs wr ctv n ll th wrk f CND, thy wr ls cncrnd t drct th cmpgn twrds th wrkng clss, th nly frc tht culd ctully wn th fght gnst wr. Th nwly lunchd jurnl ntrntnl Sclsm (1960) wlcmd th unltrlst vctry t Scrbrugh, but pntd ut tht th Prty mchn culd sly rvrs th dcsn unlss t ws cncrtly rltd t th ndustrl struggl:

`Th Lft s n n pstn t fc Gtskll's mchn wth n f ts wn. ur rgnstnl rsurcs rflct ur wknss n plcy mgnfd by th grtr strss w plc n cnvctns nd n th spntnus rcrutmnt f ppl t mplmnt thm. ur strngst wpn wuld b t lnk th ssu f dfnc wth th stuff f rdnry lf n whch wrkrs hv shwn unshkbl cnvctns t th pnt f hrsm.

`Frm ths ngl, t s sgnfcnt tht ths sctrs f wrkrs tht hv bn nggd n ndustrl struggl lttrly - rlwy mn, ngnrs, trnsprt wrkrs - r n gnrl th mst utspknly unltrlst. t s vn mr sgnfcnt tht th Cntrl Lndn busmn, hghly crtcl s thy r f Cusns' ldrshp n ndustrl mttrs, r sldly bhnd hm n th Bmb ssu. t s bvus tht prgrss fr th Lft ls n brkng dwn th hgh stks f nuclr dplmcy nt th smll chps f clss struggl.' S 3. dtrl.

t s gnst th bckgrund f th grwth f th CND tht th dcsn by th Lbur Prty, n Fbrury 1960, t lunch nw ntnl yuth mvmnt, th Yung Sclsts, must b sn. Th. Lbur ldrs wr dply dstrssd by dcd ut f ffc, cntnung nblty t ttrct yung vtrs, nd th sght f thusnds f nrgtc yung ptntl cnvssrs wstng thr tm n nt-Bmb mrchs. Thy hd n ffctn fr yuth mvmnts, whch wr trdtnlly nclnd t b wll t th lft f th Prty. Th Lgu f Yuth hd bn dsbndd n 1955, nd snc thn th lcl yuth sctns hd dtrrtd, s tht by th lt ffts thr wr prbbly nly rund fur thusnd mmbrs, mnly mddl clss.

S th burucrts grttd thr tth nd lunchd th Yung Sclsts - nd mrvr gv t rltvly lbrl cnsttutn. n th shrt trm t pd ff - by th sprng f 1961 Trnsprt Hus ws clmng 726 YS brnchs, nd th frst ntnl cnfrnc hd vr thr hundrd dlgts. Thr ws lrg nw pl f frsh fsh, nd vry Trtskyst grupng n xstnc ws gttng ts fshng rd rdy.

Th Sclst Rvw grup's ntrvntn ws thrugh ppr clld Yung Gurd. Ths ws nt th sl prprty f Sclst Rvw; t cm nt xstnc s brd frnt f lft tndncs wthn th Yung Sclsts. t frst pprd n Sptmbr 1961, fllwng th fusn f tw pprs, Rbl nd Rlly, nd ws ls supprtd by grup f yung sclsts wh hd bn nvlvd n th pprntcs' strk f 1960, mnly frm Glsgw, nd by numbr f Trbunts nd CND supprtrs. But Sclst Rvw prvdd th dtr, nd ncrsngly cm t dmnt th pltcl ln. Th ppr hd dmcrtc cnsttutn, nd ts clumns rflctd wd rng f vws n pltcl nd culturl mttrs. Th lttrs clumn dbtd such qustns s whthr Cub ws sclst nd wht shuld b sclst's tttud t rlgn.

t ws prt f th succss f Yung Gurd tht t ws bl t brk ut f th trdtnl mlu f rvlutnry pltcs. Th culturl tmsphr rund Yung Gurd - chrctrsd mnly by br drnkng nd flk sngng - my nt hv mt th pprvl f rvlutnry pursts r purtns, but t nbld nw gnrtn f yung wrkrs t mv twrds th trdtns f Mrxst pltcs.

But Yung Gurd dd nt mrly dpt t mlu; t ls fught t rlt ths mlu t th clss struggl. Th yung ppl wh wr turnng t sclsm n ths prd wr mnly wrkrs-mnul r wht-cllr - but thy hd n trdtns f trd unn rgnstn. Th typcl pltcl vlutn f yung cmrd t ths tm ws s fllws: frst gt nvlvd n CND dmnstrtns, thn jn th Yung Sclsts, nd, v Yung Gurd, cm nt S. t ws prbbly nly ftr ths tht th cmrd ws prsudd f th mprtnc f gng t hs unn brnch mtng. Rcruts wr bng md n th bss f ds rthr thn ctvty - ndd, S dd nt hv ctvty f ts wn, s dstnct frm prtcptng n th ctvts f th Yung Sclsts nd CND. nd th prcss ws nt, n strct trms, rdclstn nsd th Lbur Prty. Ths wh cm t S t ths tm wr nt lngstndng Lbur Prty mmbrs, but yung ppl wh hd cm n rund th CND mblstn.

Dspt th bsnc f ny rl lnks wth th trd unn mvmnt, Yung Gurd trd t rlt th pltcl nd ndustrl struggls. Thrughut ts xstnc t gv cntrl mprtnc t th pprntcs' mvmnt, nd th vrus struggls tht dvlpd btwn 1960 nd 1965 fr bttr py, shrtr hurs, lngr hldys, dy-rls nd ngttng rghts fr pprntcs. Dspt th ntrnsc dffcults f rgnsng pprntcs, nd th cnfusn cusd by vrus pltcl tndncs tryng t tk vr th mvmnt, th pprntcs' struggls prvdd vtl brdg btwn th pltcl nd cnmc fghts, nd hlpd t sv Yung Gurd frm snkng nt mrss f sctrnsm.

Fr, frm th vry utst, th Yung Sclsts ws cckpt f mbttrd fctnl dsput. Th mn rspnsblty fr ths ly n th Lbur Prty burucrts n Trnsprt Hus, wh, hyprsnstv but thr lctrl mg, clmpd dwn n lft-wngrs n th Yung Sclsts wth prscrptns, xpulsns nd clsurs f brnchs.

But sm shr f th blm ls ls n Yung Gurd's mn pltcl rvl n th Yung Sclsts, Kp Lft. Kp Lft hd th sm pltcs s th Sclst Lbur Lgu (lrdy prscrbd by th Lbur Prry) nd ws vntully tslf prscrbd. Th pltcs f Kp Lft nd th SLL dffrd frm ths f S Th nm f th grup ws chngd frm Sclst Rvw t ntrntnl Sclsm n 1962. n numbr f spcfc pnts. Ths ncludd th Russn qustn; th SLL's blf tht Russ ws dgnrt wrkrs' stt ld t t rgu tht Russn H-Bmbs nd vn Russn nuclr tsts wr smhw gn fr th wrkng clss. Thr prspctv ld thm t s vry flckr f th cnmy s n ndctn f mpndng slump nd vry utburst f rclsm s n mn f mmnnt fscsm.

But vn mr mprtnt thn prtculr pstns ws th SLL's styl f pltcs. cncrn but m nd fr ldrshp ws trnsfrmd nt blf tht th fght fr ldrshp cnsstd f prclmng th crrctnss f n's wn pstns. Ths ld t bst t svr sctrnsm mkng ny prctcl cprtn mpssbl, t wrst t frm f mglmn whch put th SLL t th cntr f th pltcl unvrs:

`Frm Trnsprt Hus nd th Cmmunst Prty hdqurtrs t Kng Strt, dwn t th much smllr grups f Mr Clff nd hs s-clld Sclst Rvw stt cptlsts nd th tny Pblt frgmnts, thr s unnmus grmnt tht th Sclst Lbur Lgu shuld b dstryd.' Lbur Rvw, Summr 1962.

S cmrds gnrlly rspndd wth hlthy, f rbld, cyncsm. But ny hp f untd struggl gnst th rght wng ws dstryd. By 1964 th fctnlsm hd grwn s psnus tht t thrtnd th vry xstnc f th Yung Sclsts. Kp Lft nd Yung Gurd supprtrs culd nt mt wthut ccustns f `pltcl scbbng', `cllbrtn wth th rght wng', nd s n. Whrs cupl f yrs rlr th Yung Sclsts hd bn plc whr yung ppl culd rcv frst ntrductn t rvlutnry pltcs, Yung Sclsts mtng ws nw such s t frghtn wy fr lf ny unnttd yuth wh mght hppn t stry n by ccdnt.

n th nd th Yung Sclsts tr tslf t pcs much mr ffctvly thn th rght wng culd hv dn. Kp Lft wlkd ut just bfr th 1964 lctn, nd th rptd rumurs tht th Yung Sclsts wuld b dsslvd nvr mtrlsd; t smply fdd nd bcm rump.

Fr S th xprnc n th Yung Sclsts hd prducd qulttv dvnc. Th grup hd grwn numrclly nd by 1964 t hd tppd th tw hundrd mrk. vn mr mprtnt, th nw rcruts hd plyd ldng rl n wht ws, lbt brfly, mss mvmnt. Thy hd rpdly cqurd dgr f pltcl sphstctn, n sm wys n xcssv n.

Th cmrds ls hd t fght gnst numbr f thr currnts f thught whch, n gnrl, stmmd frm sns f dftsm t th wknss f th lft. Fr xmpl, S nggd n plmc wth th grup whch publshd Th Wk (frrunnr f th MG) but whthr Mrxsts shuld gv unqulfd ppstn t ncms plcy. Th Wk rgud tht th lft must nt slt tslf frm ths wrkrs wh hd llusns n th Lbur Gvrnmnt nd clld S's uncmprmsng hstlty t ll ncms plcs `sctrn':

`Th lft must fnd wy f ppsng th ncms plcy wth slgns whch wll ppr rsnbl t ths sctns f wrkrs. Wth du humlty w wuld gn put frwrd ur prtculr slgn:

N ngttns n n ncms plcy untl th bks r pn t th wrkrs' 29 ctbr, 1964 t clmd.

nthr mnfsttn f ths dftsm ws th "Thrd-Wrldsm' whch flurshd n mny prts f th lft. Th drmtc struggls n lgr, Cub, tc bcm substtut fr th mr dwn-t-rth tsks fcd t hm. Nw Lft Rvw publshd n rtcl n `Th Thrd Wrld' by n Kth Buchnn. ftr prsng th `ryl sclsm' f Cmbd, Buchnn - wrtng frm th vntg pnt f prfssrshp n Nw Zlnd - dclrd:

`Hvng tstd th dlghts f fflunc, urpn wrkrs hv tndd t bcm "mburgs" nd vr mr urp-cntrc nd prchl n thr tttuds. Fnn my cry tht th wll-bng nd prgrss f urp hv bn bult wth th swt nd crpss f blck mn nd yllw mn, ndn, nd rb--but th cry s unhrd md th dstrctns f nw nd dlghtful pulnc.' Jnury-Fbrury 1963.

thrs, wh ttchd sm mprtnc t Mrxst rthdxy, dd nt fl bl t bndn th wrkng clss s lghtly. nstd thy slvd th prblm by chngng th mnngs f wrds s tht stt stblshd by psnt-bsd ntnl lbrtn struggl bcm `wrkrs' stt':

`Th lgrn rvlutn hs n rlty ntrd nt ts dcsv phs. Whlst rvlutnry msurs ncrs n th drctn f trnsfrmtn f th cuntry nt stt hvng th cnmc nd scl structur f wrkrs' stt, th thrts gnst th ntrnl nd xtrnl rvlutnrs r bcmng clrr.' M. Pbl n L'ntrntnl - rgn f th Furth ntrntnl.

S ws crtnly nt fr frm tctcl rrrs n ths prd; but th mphss nd nlyss drvd frm ts bsc thry nbld t t scp th mr bvus ptflls.

t ws durng ths tm tht th pltcl nd rgnstnl styl whch ws t chrctrs S bgn t dvlp. Ths hd tw mn fturs. Th frst ws sns f prprtn, f th rltv nsgnfcnc f S s n rgnstn. Whn S hd tw hundrd mmbrs, nd th SLL, t bst, twc tht mny, th qustn t stk ws nt th `crss f ldrshp', th struggl fr cntrl btwn grups f whch 98 pr cnt f wrkrs hd nvr hrd. t ws th much mr mdst tsk f ductng ths wh wr rund t lstn nd f strkng rts n th clss n smll wy whr ths ws pssbl.

S mmbrs n ths prd wr wll wr f thr wn nsgnfcnc. (Th prsnt wrtr rmmbrs pstng th ntr ut-f-Lndn crcultn f Lbur Wrkr n pllr-bx n Fnsbury Prk). ndd, n f th thngs tht dstngushd S frm mst thr rvlutnry grupngs t th tm ws n blty t lk t tslf wth sns f humur, t tms slf-dprctng n.

Th scnd ftur ws n wrnss tht th rvlutnry rgnstn hd t b bult nsd th wrkng clss nd nt n sltn frm t. Th qustn ws n f nvlvng nd dvlpng cmrds, nt f buldng wlls t prsrv th purty f th mbrync prty. Hnc th flxbl tttud t mmbrshp tkn by th S grup. Nw cmrds wr nvlvd n ctvty, prtcptd n mtngs nd - smwht unsystmtclly - wr ntrducd t th grup's pltcl pstns. Ths ws mprtnt n tht th cmrds, whl bng wr tht thy wr n tny mnrty, flt thmslvs prt f brdr mvmnt - CND r Lbur Prty lft - nd thus nvr hd th sns f sltn frm rlty s sly gnrtd by sctrn pltcs.

But ths pstv chrctrstcs hd thr ngtv spct. t ws frm ths yrs tht S mmbrs nhrtd smwht lbrtrn tttud t rgnstn, tndncy t dstrust dscpln r ny knd f frmlsd r cntrlsd structur. s th stutn chngd vr th fllwng yrs n f th bstcls S hd t vrcm ws th lbrtrnsm f ts wn trdtns.

lthugh th yuth mvmnt ws t th cntr f th rn durng ths prd, S nvr drppd ts cncrn wth th ndustrl struggl. Mr wrkrs wr bng rcrutd t S, thugh thy wr bng rcrutd s ndvduls n th bss f gnrl pltcs rthr thn n th bss f n ndustrl strtgy, nd mst f thm wr t yung t hv ny dcsv nflunc t thr plc f wrk. But fr th futur thy prvdd th bss fr nw ndustrl cdr.

Th ndustrl rnttn ws ls ncurgd by th lunchng, n 1961, f nw ppr, ndustrl Wrkr, sn t b rnmd Lbur Wrkr, ntndd t b mr gttnl, mr grd t ngng ndustrl struggls, thn Sclst Rvw hd bn. t ws unvn n qulty, nd smtms smd t cnsst f nthng mr thn scrs f strk rprts. But t bst t ws lvly nd cntnd sgnfcnt numbr f rtcls by ndustrl mltnts (fr xmpl, th Mrch 1964 ssu cntnd sgnd rtcls by mmbrs f th TGWU (tw), TU nd UPW). ts pltcs - uncndtnl supprt fr unffcl strks nd ttl ppstn t ncms plcy vn undr Lbur gvrnmnt - dstngushd t frm mst thr publctns n th lft.

By 1964 Lbur Wrkr hd chvd crcultn f vr 2000, nd n prl 1964 th frst Lbur Wrkr cnfrnc ws hld n Lndn, ttrctng but 150 ppl. Lbur Wrkr, My 1964. Ths put th mn strss n th cmng Lbur gvrnmnt nd th thrt f ncms plcy. Stps wr bng tkn t prpr fr th struggls t cm.

1964-67: TH LBUR GVRNMNT

TH LCTN f Lbur Gvrnmnt n 1964 ws grtd wth cnsdrbl nthussm by rdnry mmbrs f th lbur mvmnt, wh hd ndurd 13 yrs f Try rul, nd nw hpd, nt fr th sclst mllnnum, but t lst fr sm rdcl rfrms.

Prdxclly, Lbur's rrvl n pwr ws ls wlcmd by lrg sctns f th rulng clss, bsclly bcus thy hpd tht Lbur mght b bl t mps succssful ncms plcy nd kp th trd unns n thr plc. Clrly thr ws cntrdctn hr; nd thugh Wlsn ws bl t btn mssv vctry n th 1966 lctn, th cntrdctns culd nt b prmnntly supprssd.

ncms plcy tslf hd bn n th crds fr qut lng tm, but vn mny pr-Lbur trd unnsts culd nt stmch th frms t tk. Mny mr f Wlsn's supprtrs wr lntd by hs vcus rd-btng ttcks n th strkng smn n 1966, by th tghtnng up f mmgrtn cntrls, nd by th fwnng supprt fr US plcy n Vtnm.

Snc lng bfr Lbur cm t pwr, S hd tkn frm pstn f uncndtnl ppstn t ll ncms plcy undr cptlsm. Ths pstn lft t lmst cmpltly sltd frm th rst f th lft. Fr xmpl, t Cnfrnc rgnsd by th nsttut fr Wrkrs' Cntrl n prl 1964, th tw S mmbrs prsnt wr th nly ppl t tk pstn f ll-ut ppstn t ncms plcy.

Th mprtnc f ncms plcy ws tht t psd drct thrt t th frms f rgnstn tht Brtsh wrkrs hd dvlpd durng th ffts. Th shft frm ntnl t lclsd brgnng, wth th cnsqunt grwth n mprtnc f shp-flr rgnstn s gnst th trd unn burucrcs, hd ld t rs n slf-cnfdnc mng wrkrs, but ls t frgmnttn nd rltv lck f ntrst n brdr pltcl ssus. But f th Lbur gvrnmnt ws t hv n ncms plcy, t hd t tk n th strngth f th shp-flr rgnstns; nd whthr wrkrs wntd pltcs r nt, thy wr gng t hv pltcs rmmd dwn thr thrts.

Th mst bvus rgnstn t gv ld n ndustry ws th Cmmunst Prty, whch vr snc th Scnd Wrld Wr hd mntnd sgnfcnt nflunc mng ndustrl mltnts. But th Cmmunst Prty ws n dffcults. t hd lrdy suffrd srus blws n th md-ffts t th tm f th Hungrn Rvlutn, nd - thugh t hd rgnd mmbrs n th rly sxts, ts cmpstn hd bcm mr mddl clss. Nw t ws nhbtd frm n ll-ut fght gnst th Lbur gvrnmnt by tw fctrs. Frstly, numbr f ts mmbrs nd supprtrs hd wn hgh plcs n th trd unn burucrcy. Th Prty ws nt prprd t dfnd shp-flr rgnstn t th xtnt f ffndng ts frnds n th burucrcy. Scndly, th Prty ws cmmttd t strtgy f strngthnng th lft wng n th Lbur Prty nd thus pushng Lbur t th lft. t tm whn th Lbur "lfts' wr mvng rght s fst s thy culd, ths ws dffcult strtgy t crry thrugh. n ny cs t prvntd th Prty frm tryng t mbls th ndustrl ppstn t Wlsn nd turn t nt n ndpndnt pltcl frc.

s rsult mny Cmmunst Prty mltnts bcm dsllusnd wth th Prty. vn f thy dd nt ctully lv th Prty, thy tndd t ct mr nd mr n thr wn nttv rthr thn n c-rdntd wy. fw Turnd t Msm fr n ltrntv, thugh ths usully ld t th strl dd-nd f cmptng splntr grups.

f curs S ws n n pstn t tk vr frm th Cmmunst Prty. But th nw stutn dd pn up th pssblty fr S t trnsfrm tslf, prvdng t ws rdy t rdclly chng ts styl f wrk.

Ths mnt rssssmnt f th grup's strtgc rnttn t th Lbur Prty. ll lng S hd pntd t th lmts f Lbur Prty wrk. Wrkrs wr gttng lss nd lss ntrstd n th trdtnl rfrmst rgnstns s thr shp-flr pwr grw. S hd gvn lttl crdnc t th vw tht rvlutnry prty culd b bult wthn th Lbur Prty, r by splt wthn tht Prty.

t th vry sm tm, snc th pprtunts fr trd unn wrk wr vry lmtd fr mst cmrds, th Lbur Prty - nd spclly th Yung Sclsts - hd bn sn s mlu whr rvlutnrs culd prt, nd mk cntct wth t lst sm f th mr clss-cnscus wrkrs wh wr rund. S mmbrs fught fr thr ds n th Lbur Prty nd t rn th rght t crtcs thy cnvssd, cllctd subs, rgnsd bzrs nd prtcptd, smwht cynclly, n th whl un-pltcl rutn f lcl Lbur Prty lf.

s th nt-wrkng-clss ntur f th Lbur gvrnmnt bcm clr t mr nd mr f ts frmr supprtrs, th Lbur Prty s mmbrshp rgnstn wnt nt vn shrpr dcln. Mny Prty ctvsts lft th Prty (fr xmpl, n th Lndn Brugh f Hrngy, n lss thn sx Lbur cuncllrs rsgnd frm th Prty n th prd frm 1966 t 1968). But n th bsnc f ny fcus t ttrct thm, thr ws n pssblty f n ffctv lft rgrupmnt. n shrt, th stutn ws n f crumblng rthr thn f splt, nd n pprprt rspns ws clld fr. smpl dcsn t qut th Lbur Prty n gvn dy wuld hv bn sy but mstkn. Thr wr hug dffrncs btwn th ctv lft-wng Lbur Pncs n sm rs nd th mrbund r pnly rclst prts n thrs; th pc f dsllusn vrd frm n ndvdul t nthr; nd th stutn ws cmplctd by th fct tht, fllwng th dprtur f Kp Lft, Yung Gurd fund tslf th ffctv ldrshp f th - dmttdly much dmnshd - Yung Sclsts, nd th cmrds wr, qut rghtly, rluctnt t bndn ths rl.

Wht ws ndd ws thrughgng rrnttn f th grup. n S Cnfrnc n July 1965 crrd th fllwng rslutn:

`Th S Grup rjcts th Lbur Prty s n nstrumnt fr scl chng; rjcts t s mlu fr mss cnvrsn t sclst cnscusnss; nd ss n t prmrly n rn fr dlgcl cnflct, lnk t lvng wrkng-clss udnc nd surc f ndvdul rcrutmnt t rvlutnry prgrmm.'

Wht ths mnt n th grund ws splld ut n n rtcl n Lbur Wrkr:

`Th pln truth s, tht nly smll mnrty f Lbur's mllns r n ny wy pltclly ctv, nd lrg prcntg f th ctv r mschstclly bsssd wth th tt tckts nd mrkng up lctrl rgstrs bvusly Mrxsts shuld tk ths pstns whch gv ccss t th drct wrkrs' rgnstns. But n th wrds nd GMCs th prctc f buyng th rght t dscuss pltcs by vr-fulfllng th cnvssng nrms, shuld cs r b rducd t th mnmum. Fr th lft th Lbur Prty s pltfrm fr pltcl dscussn nd th wnnng vr f ndvduls t rvlutnry prgrmm.' Jm Hggns. Lbur Wrkr. Sptmbr 1965.

But phsd wthdrwl frm th Lbur Prty ws nly hlf th stry. Th struggl n Brtn ws frgmntd, nd rvlutnrs hd t fnd thr wy nt th frgmnts.

Th mn struggl ws t b n ndustry, nd hr th S grup's frcs wr stll ptfully wk. Thr ws hrdly ny unn whr S cmrds wr bl t ntrvn. n th U thr wr numbr f xprncd mltnts but thy wr lmst ll cncntrtd n n fctry - NV n Nrth Lndn. Th lft n th U ws n th scndnt, prprng t rplc th rght-wng Crrn wth Hugh Scnln, but t th sm tm thy wr n sm cnfusn, fllwng Rg Brch's brk wth th Cmmunst Prty.

t ws ut f ths bs n th U tht th mst sgnfcnt ntrvntn n th ndustrl fld rs. Th cnvnr f NV, Gff Mtchll, ws nvlvd n lgl dsput, nd fllwng ctn t supprt hm, th NV Shp Stwrds Cmmtt dcdd t brdn ut th struggl nd cnvnd mtng t lunch th Lndn Shp Stwrds Dfnc Cmmtt. Th mtng ws hld n 16 Jnury 1966 nd ttrctd sm tw hundrd ppl, but thr qurtrs f thm ndustrl wrkrs, frm 23 dffrnt unns.

Th pltfrm spkrs ncludd tw S mmbrs frm NV, Gff Mtchll nd Gff Crlssn, nd nthr S mmbr, Jm Hggns f th PU. Thr wr ls tw Cmmunst Prry mmbrs - Rg Brch, n U Dvsnl rgnsr nd lng-stndng Cmmunst Prty mltnt, nw svrly crtcl f th Prty's prlmntrsm, nd Jm Hls, chrmn f th buldng wrkrs' Jnt Sts Cmmtt.

Th rslutn unnmusly dptd by th mtng ws rmrkbl n brngng tgthr wht wr t b th mn ssus fcng Brtsh wrkrs vr th cmng dcd:

`Ths Cnfrnc f rnk nd fl Trd Unnsts s dply prturbd t th prpsd, nd ctul, ntrvntn by th Gvrnmnt nt stblshd wg ngttns.

`W qully dprct th thrts f lgsltn gnst th Trd Unnsts nd rnk nd fl mltnts wh hv bn mnly rspnsbl vr th pst yrs n mprvng th wgs nd cndtns n ndustry.

`W r ppsd t th Gvrnmnt's ncms Plcy whch hs nthng n cmmn wth Sclst plnnng; s lkws w r ppsd t ths Trd Unn ffcls wh supprt th Gvrnmnt n ths ssus.

`t s ur blf tht th s-clld ncms Plcy, th thrts f lgsltn nd th ntrfrnc n wg ngttns cn nly strngthn th mplyrs n thr ffrts t smsh th Shp Stwrds nd th rnk nd fl mvmnts.'

Th blty f S cmrds t tk th nttv n hlpng t lunch vntur f ths srt ws n mprtnt ndctn f th grup's dvlpmnt. But th vntur tslf ws n sm snss prmtur. Th SSDC (nd th cuntrprts st up n thr pns f th cuntry) md t unt rnk nd fl mvmnt whch dd nt yt xst. gnrl crss-unn bdy f ths sn s mnngful nly f t brngs tgthr rnk nd fl currnts n numbr f unns nd ndustrs. nd n 1965 such currnts dd nt xst. Th SSDC tslf ws rltvly shrt lvd, thugh ts nflunc n nsprng thr nttvs cnnt b gnrd.

n mprtnt thng whch th Lndn SSDC dd chv ws th publctn f th bk ncms Plcy, Lgsltn nd Shp Stwrds. t ws wrttn by tw S mmbrs. Tny Clff nd Cln Brkr, nd hd n ntrductn by Rg Brch, wrttn btwn hs brk wth th Cmmunst Prty nd hs rtrt nt sctrn Msm.

Th bk st ut n clr nd nn-sctrn mnnr th mn lns f th nlyss S hd bn dvlpng vr th prvus cupl f yrs. t bgn wth gnrl cnsdrtn f th cnmc stutn tht hd ld th rulng clss t strt mpsng ncms plcy. t thn lkd t th xstng stutn n th wgs frnt nd n prtculr shwd th mprtnc f th phnmnn f wg drft n th prcdng prd. t cntrstd th rl f shp stwrds wth th full-tm unn ffcls wh wr shwn t b bcmng ncrsngly cnsrvtv nd mptnt. Fnlly t lkd t th pttrn f strks vr th prcdng prd, n whch wrkng-clss Strngth hd bn rflctd by th prdmnnc f shrt, unffcl nd gnrlly succssful strks, nd prdctd tht wth th ntrductn f lgsltn gnst trd unn rghts th stutn wuld hv t chng.

Th bk clsd wth cll t ctn, strssng th nd fr ` pltcl s wll s n ndustrl rspns'.

`Th frst ssntl tsk fr ny wrkr s tht f nsurng tht hs wn mmdt rgnstn s n fghtng shp; tht vry fctry nd plc f wrk hs jnt stwrds' cmmtt (ncludng ll stwrds rgrdlss f thr unn mmbrshp, nd cvrng wht-cllr wrkrs lk drughtsmn t); tht vry cmpny wth dffrnt fctrs s cvrd by cmbnd stwrds' cmmtts t c-rdnt ctvts nd prvnt "splttng" ctvts by th mplyrs. Mr brdly, th rnk nd fl must fnd frms f rgnstn-r rnk-nd-fl cmmtts, tc.--tht cn d th jb th Trds Cuncls usd t d. nly th nw rgnstns must b bsd n th fctrs rthr thn n ggrphcl plc f rsdnc.


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