The socialist workers party 1951-1979

The Socialist Workers Party (the International Socialists) has grown into an organization capable of small but significant interventions in the class struggle, and with a real possibility of laying the foundations for a revolutionary party in Britain.

23.06.2010
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`Mst f ths tndncs r n thr nfncy, but th thrt t th shp stwrds s nw s cut tht th mplmnttn f ths bsc tsks must b cclrtd nd lrgly chvd n rltvly shrt tm, crtng th cndtns fr th frmtn f ntnl shp stwrds' mvmnt--n d whch, snc th Frst Wrld Wr, hs xstd lmst slly n th mnds f sm f ths whm Hrld Wlsn clls "wrckrs" nd whm w s s th ptntl buldrs f th mghtst sclst mvmnt yt n th hstry f Brtn.' ncms Plcy, Lgsltn nd Shp Stwrds (Lndn 1966), p. 136.

Th ncms Plcy bk ws n mprtnt stp frwrd fr S. t ws sld systmtclly by prcss f vstng ny dscvrbl cntct n th lbur mvmnt. t ws wdly rd nd pprctd by mltnts nd nbld S t b rcgnsd s prt f rl mvmnt, rthr thn s grup f tlntd but sltd thrtcns. But th vry fct tht th grup ws nw nggd n th rl wrld md t suscptbl t dft, nd vry rl dft sn fllwd.

s hs lrdy bn mntnd, n f S's fw ndustrl rts ws n th Nrth Wst Lndn ngnrng fctry NV. NV hd bn knwn s mltnt fctry snc th rly ffts, nd hd n xcllnt rcrd fr wgs nd cndtns. t hd strng nd dmcrtc shp stwrds' rgnstn. But f NV ws n xcllnt xmpl f wrkng clss strngth n th ffts, t ls shrd th wknsss. NV ws mr r lss sltd frm nghburng fctrs. ndd, mst f thm prbbly flt sns f jlusy t NV's suprr cndtns.

Fr lng tm th Cmmunst Prty hd hld th pltcl ldrshp f th fctry. Gff Crlssn, fundr-mmbr f th Sclst Rvw grup, hd bn stwrd fr mny yrs, but t ws nly n th md-sxts, fllwng ntrnl dsputs nd dmrlstn n th Cmmunst Prty, tht h ws bl t ttrct thr stwrds twrds S pltclly. By 1966, but th rm f th fundng f th SSDC, t ws pssbl t stblsh n S brnch t NV-S's frst fctry brnch, nd rltvly Strng n, hvng but 12 mmbrs, ncludng th cnvnr nd svrl stwrds.

But by ths tm th whl rgnstn ws undr ttck. Th Lbur Gvrnmnt's gnrl ttck n wrkrs ws bng prllld by mplyrs' mvs t smsh shp-flr rgnstn n vrus fctrs. NV hd bn tkn vr by n mrcn cmpny. ftr ttmpts t ntrduc wrk study nd prductvty brgnng, th mngmnt lunchd n ll-ut ssult n th vrus grmnts stblshd by th wrkrs vr th prvus 20 yrs, nd thn, n 1966,nnuncd tht th fctry wuld b clsd. Dspt th lng rcrd f mltncy, th stwrds wr unbl t mbls n ffctv struggl gnst th clsur, nd vntully th ldng S mltnts wr sckd. ftr ths th mngmnt nnuncd tht th fctry wuld rmn pn wth rducd lbur frc. Fr full ccunt nd nlyss, s J Rssr & C Brkr `Th NV Stry' (18 31).

Th NV dft hd sm mprtnt lssns fr S. Frstly, t shwd tht n th chngd stutn, mltncy nd rgnstn wthn n wrkplc ws gng t b ncrsngly ndqut. Scndly, t suggstd tht n qut lgtmt rctn gnst substtutnst ntns f `ldrshp', S hd gn t fr. Th qustn f pltcl ldrshp wuld hv t b tkn mr srusly.

Th rst f S's ndustrl ntrvntn n ths prd ws lrgly frm th utsd. nd lthugh th Lbur Gvrnmnt's plcs wr rsng th pltcl lvl, mst struggls wr stll lclsd nd frgmntry. Ths nbld S cmrds n th lclts t ntrvn, vn f th ntrvntn ws ftn t th lvl f turnng duplctr hndls nd mblsng supprt fr mss pckts.

S mmbrs gv cntnung supprt t th lng strk f buldng wrkrs n th Mytn's st t th Brbcn, Lndn, n 1967, whr mngmnt md cnsstnt ttmpt t smsh ll unn rgnstn n th st. S cmrds prtcptd n svrl mss pckts, ncludng th n n ctbr 1967 whn thr wr shrp clshs wth th plc durng whch 24 rrsts wr md (but n thrd f ths rrstd wr S cmrds).

nthr strk rund whch S cmrds rgnsd n 1967 ws tht t th Rbrts-rundl txtl mchnry fctry n Stckprt. Ths ws n ffcl strk n dfnc f unn rgnstn, but much f th mst dynmc sldrty ctn - ncludng dmnstrtns f svrl hundrd wrkrs nd clshs wth th plc - ws rgnsd ndpndntly f th ffcl mchn.

n ths dsputs, nd mny smlr f lss drmtc ns whch tk plc up nd dwn th cuntry, ctv prtcptn nbld gd cntcts t b md nd fw rcruts wn.

nthr r f wrk whch nbld S t bgn mplntng tslf n th wrkng clss ws th tnnts struggl. Sm struggls wr gnst prvt lndlrds. Fr xmpl, th slngtn brnch f th Cmpgn gnst Rcl Dscrmntn ( bdy st up n 1965 t cuntr grwng mnfsttns f rclsm) wth full nd ctv prtcptn f S mmbrs, rgnsd cmpgn n 1966 gnst Mrs D Lusgnn. Ths ldy ws th wnr f sm 25 huss n Nrth Lndn, mnly ccupd by blck ppl, ntrus fr hgh rnts nd bd cndtns; sh furthr ggrvtd th stutn by dscrbng hr tnnts s `Rubbsh Ppl'. dmnstrtn chvd bth cnsdrbl publcty nd sm rductn n th rnts. Thugh th ssu ws hghly lclsd, t prvdd n xmpl f stutn whr S ntrvntn culd ctully mk sm dffrnc nd thus hlp t snk rts fr th rgnstn.

Mr wdsprd ws ctn n cuncl rnts. Th Lbur Gvrnmnt hd dcdd t cut husng subsds, nd thrby frc drmtc rnt ncrss. n mny bg cts t ws Lbur cuncls wh hd t crry thrugh th ncrss.

Th xprnc f th Nrth Lndn brugh f Hrngy my srv s n xmpl f th typ f ntrvntn S mmbrs wr bl t mk. Whn th Cuncl nnuncd rnt ncrss n Mrch 1967, S hd nt sngl cuncl tnnt n th r. t dd, hwvr, hv numbr f rsnbly wll-knwn Lbur Prty ctvsts. Ths, tgthr wth thr sympthtc Lbur lft-wngrs, ncludng fur cuncllrs, sgnd publc sttmnt t th prss dplrng th ncrss. Ths ncurrd th wrth f th Lbur Prty, but nbld th sttng up f n ctn Cmmtt whch hld mtngs n th stts, dstrbutd lflts nd crcultd pttn. s rsult Tnnts' ssctns wr st up n mst stts, nd th ctn Cmmtt tslf dspprd n fvur f Fdrtn f Tnnts' ssctns. Th mvmnt culmntd wth lbby f th Cuncl by but 500 ppl; fw mnr cncssns wr gnd. Whl S clrly culd nt tk ll th crdt, th mvmnt wuld lmst crtnly nt hv dvlpd n th sm wy wthut S ntrvntn.

Th prd 1964-67 sw S tk dcsv stp wy frm bng mr prpgnd grup. ndd, n purly prpgnd trms thr ws sclng dwn f ctvty. Th dcsn t mk Lbur Wrkr frtnghtly frm Jnury 1965 ws mstk; dspt sm lvly ssus, th ppr ws scrppy nd ftn rrlvnt t th chngd ctvty f th grup. Th ppr mprvd mrkdly ftr th rturn t mnthly publctn n lt 1966.

But th chngd styl f ctvty dd prsnt srus prblms. s lng s S ws wthn th Lbur Prry thr ws frmwrk wthn whch spcfc ssus culd b rltd t ch thr. Rclsm, frgn plcy, husng, ductn nd ncms plcy culd ll b lctd n th cntxt f struggl gnst th Prty's rght wng.

Wthut th Lbur Prry t srv s fcus, thr ws tndncy fr S cmrds t s ch struggl n sltn, t submrg thmslvs n prtculr `frgmnt' nd pstpn th qustn f gnrlstn t rmt futur.

ssntlly ths ws hlthy stutn. ftr 1964 thr wr tw mn dngrs fr S. n ws `rslutnry sclsm', cncntrtn n prsrvng pltcl purty by pssng crrct rslutns n th GMCs. Th thr dngr ws syndclsm. n th shrt trm ths ws lssr vl, snc t mnt tht S ws bl t bgn t mmrs tslf n th wrkng clss. T us much-vrwrkd mtphr f Lnn's, th stck hd t b bnt. Cf. T. Clff, `Frm Mrxst Crcl t gttn' (S 52).

By th nd f 1967 th mmbrshp hd ncrsd slwly but sgnfcntly - vr 400 s gnst 200-dd whn Lbur cm t pwr. Mr mprtnt, t ws mmbrshp grd, nt smply t rgung th ln, but t mkng ntrvntns, lbt usully vry lw-lvl ns, nd t srvcng th ngng struggl. Wthut th bs, nd vn mr mprtntly, th rnttn stblshd n ths prd, th brkthrugh f 1968 culd nt hv tkn plc.

Prt 2: Twrds rvlutnry prty

1968 s yr ffrd unprcdntd pprtunts t th rvlutnry lft. Rvlutnry ds chvd wdsprd currncy, ndd bcm trndy n sm crcls. Rvlutnry sclsts suddnly fund thmslvs swmmng wth th strm - n lrmng xprnc fr ths lng prctcd n swmmng gnst t.

ntrntnlly t ws yr f mmntus vnts. n Jnury th Ntnl Lbrtn Frnt n Vtnm lunchd th `Tt ffnsv', n whch thy scrd strkng succsss gnst th fr suprr mltry frcs f th Untd Stts. Th ntrntnl mvmnt gnst th wr rcvd nrmus ncurgmnt. n My studnt dmnstrtns n Frnc ld t crss whch rsultd n gnrl strk f tn mlln wrkrs. Th grups f th rvlutnry lft succdd n gnng wd currncy fr thr ds. nd n ugust th Russn nvsn f Czchslvk ld t dp ntrnl uphvl n th wrld's Cmmunst Prrs, numbr f whch dssctd thmslvs frm Russn ctn fr th frst tm n thr hstry.

n Brtn t ws yr f bth hps nd thrts. Th rpd dcln f supprt fr th Lbur gvrnmnt mnt tht lss nd lss ppl wr lkng t th Lbur Prty s fcus fr pltcl ctn. Th mn mptus fr th lft cm frm utsd th trdtnl rgnstns. Thr ws n upsurg f mltncy mng studnts, bgnnng wth th Lndn Schl f cnmcs ccuptn n 1967, nd sprdng thrughut Hghr ductn n 1968. Ths ws prllld by th grwth f lrg nd dmnstrtv mvmnt gnst th Vtnm Wr.

But th vcuum lft by dclnng supprt fr Lbur ls prducd mr snstr dvlpmnts. nch Pwll, tryng t fnd rcl scpgt fr cnmc dscntnt, md hystrcl spch n fvur f tghtr mmgrtn cntrl. H ws prmptly dsmssd frm th Try Shdw Cbnt, but wn cnsdrbl supprt mng sctns f wrkrs. n prtculr, Lndn dckrs struck nd mrchd n hs supprt.

ll ths undrlnd tw thngs. n, tht thr ws nw rl pssblty f buldng sclst rgnstn utsd th Lbur Prty; nd scndly, tht t ws bcmng ncrsngly urgnt t d s. md th frnzd ctvty f 1968, S hd nt nly t rspnd t vnts, but t trnsfrm tslf n th prcss.

Th studnt mvmnt ws n ntrntnl phnmnn, prducd by th mssv xpnsn f hghr ductn ndd by mdrn cptlsm. Thusnds f yung ppl wr xpsd t th cntrdctns btwn th dls f ductn nd th nd fr cptlsm t trn lw-lvl functnrs.

Th studnt mvmnt gnrtd mr thn ts fr shr f rmntc nnsns. Sm thrs - `rd bss' nd th `studnt vngurd' - sw studnts s rplcng th wrkng clss s th gncy f scl chng; thrs - `th studnt-wrkr llnc' - mr mdstly but qully unrlstclly sw studnts nd wrkrs s qul prtnrs.

But dspt ths th studnt mvmnt culd nt b gnrd by ny srus rvlutnrs. Frstly, bcus th mjrty f th studnts n struggl wuld g n t jn th grwng rnks f wht-cllr trd unnsts. nd scndly, vn f th mjrty f studnt rvlutnrs wuld sn submt t scl prssurs nd drp ut, numbr f thm culd b wn t rvlutnry rgnstn nd b ntgrtd nt t.

Bfr th Lndn Schl f cnmcs ccuptn n 1967, S studnts hd plyd lttl systmtc pn n studnt pltcs, nd crtnly hd n thught-ut strtgy fr studnt wrk. But numbr f S cmrds plyd ldng rl n th LS struggl, nd numbr f thr studnt ctvsts wr rcrutd t S. smlr pttrn ws rptd n th studnt bttls whch tk plc up nd dwn th cuntry durng 1968 nd 1969.

Th vrll pltcl nlyss tht S hd dvlpd ws vtl fr th ntrvntn n th studnt fld. Th tw thss tht S hd lwys strssd wr slf-ctvty nd th prmcy f th wrkng clss. S's strss n th wrkng clss prvntd t frm gvng n t th thrs f th `studnt vngurd' tht wr wdsprd t th tm. S cmrds lwys ld mphss n th ncssty fr sldrty wth wrkng clss struggls, nd n gnrl S's rcrutmnt mng studnts ws n th bss f ts rnttn t th wrkng clss. t th sm tm, S hd n truck wth ths lk th Cmmunst Prty, wh usd n bstrct nvctn f th wrkng clss s n xcus fr kpng ut f ctul ngng struggls, nd cntnung t mmrs thmslvs n mnuvrs n th Ntnl Unn f Studnts.

Th studnt mvmnt ws nt cncrnd slly wth struggls nsd th cllgs; t ws nxtrcbly bund up wth th grwng mvmnt gnst th wr n Vtnm. Whn th US bmbng f Nrth Vtnm bgn n 1965, th Struggl gnst th wr ws ntlly crdntd by th CP-dmntd Brtsh Cuncl fr Pc n Vtnm, th mn ctvty f whch ws lvng up t clrgymn nd Lbur prs, rthr thn mss mblstn.

Frustrtn t th flur f th BCPV t d nythng ld t th crtn, n 1966, f th Vtnm Sldrty Cmpgn (VSC). Ths ws rgnlly st up by n unsy llnc f th pltcs f Th Wk (subsquntly th MG) Th Wk f 1967 - chrldrs fr Fdl Cstr nd blck pwr - hd lttl bynd th nm n cmmn wth Th Wk f 1964, wth ts lst f spnsrng lft Lbur MPs. Th chng n pltcs ws ccmpnd by substntl turnvr f prsnnl. But lk th brush tht hd thr nw hds nd tw nw hndls, t ws `stll th sm ld brush'. nd th fnncs f Brtrnd Russll. S mmbrs prtcptd n th fundtn f th VSC, but fr th frst yr f ts xstnc th prsnc ws tkn n nly.

Th ntl mstk f th VSC ws t cntr ts ppstn t th BCPV n prgrmm rthr thn mthd. t ws, f curs, qut rght t ttck th dsgustng pprtunsm f th BCPV, whch rfusd t rs th slgn `Vctry t th NLF' nd cntrd ts dmnds n pc. But mrly t tl lng bhnd th BCPV, shutng `crrct' slgns, dd nthng t hlp buld mss mvmnt.

By md-1967 th md ws chngng. Th NLF, dspt US trrr bmbng, ws clrly gnng grund, nd thus nsprng multn rthr thn pty; th nt-wr mvmnt n th US ws grwng; nd n Brtn, th studnt mvmnt ws lkng fr cus t dpt.

t ws t ths pnt tht S - whch hd rgud fr sldrty pstn frm th vry bgnnng f th wr - dcdd t mk ts ntrvntn n th VSC rthr mr vgrus. S cmrds rgud wth th xstng VSC ldrshp fr srus pprch t mss wrk; fr lng-trm prprtn fr dmnstrtn, wth systmtc wrk n th cllgs cmbnd wth mss lf-lttng f fctrs nd stts. S brnchs n th lclts hlpd t prpr th dmnstrtn n ctbr 1967. Th rsult ws sm thrty thusnd ppl n Grsvnr Squr (utsd th US mbssy), cnfrnttn wth th plc, nd th VSC's nm frmly n th pltcl mp.

Tw mr mssv dmnstrtns fllwd, n Mrch nd ctbr 1968; th CP, whch hd rgnlly ppsd th VSC fr `splttng th brd mvmnt', vntully tggd lng bhnd. Th mvmnt brught whl wv f yung ppl - ncludng szbl mnrty f yung wrkrs - twrds rvlutnry pltcs. Nw Scty survy f th ctbr 1968 dmnstrtn shwd tht 68 pr cnt f ths mrchng wr gnst, nt nly th wr, but cptlsm n gnrl.

Wthn ths mvmnt, S strv t rcrut n th bss f lnkng th ntwr struggl t th struggl t hm. s lflt dstrbutd n n f th bg dmnstrtns put t:

` th bttl gnst wg frz; gnst scl srvc cuts; gnst bd husng nd rnt ncrss; gnst bd hsptls nd schls; gnst unmplymnt; gnst th gvrnmnt's rclst plcs s th sm bttl gnst th Vtnm wr . . . n th fctrs wrkrs r fghtng gnst th wg frz nd unmplymnt. n th husng stts tnnts r rsstng rnt ncrss. f w r t hlp th Vtnms w must g n frm Grsvnr Squr t fght ths struggls. blw gnst th bss, s blw gnst th Vtnm wr.'

md th uphr f th Vtnm mvmnt, th mrgnc f Pwllsm mng sctns f wrkrs ws stunnng shck t th lft. Fr sm t ws furthr cnfrmtn f hw blk thngs wr nd th nd t kp n's hd dwn; fr thrs, t ws furthr prf tht th wrkng clss culd b wrttn ff n fvur f studnt vngurd.

Th Cmmunst Prty, whch hd sm nflunc n th dcks, dclnd t us t t fght Pwllsm. Dnny Lyns, n f thr ldng mltnts, flt s lttl cnfdnc n Mrxst rgumnts tht h brught lng tw clrgymn, n Cthlc nd n Prtstnt, t try nd dssud th dckrs.

S hd n dckr (Trry Brrtt) n mmbrshp, but h md vry ffrt t rgu th pnt n clss trms. Brrtt, tgthr wth sm S mmbrs nd thr rvlutnrs, sgnd nd dstrbutd t dckrs lflt puttng th clss cs gnst Pwll:

Wh s nch Pwll? H s rght-wng Try pprtunst wh wll stp t nthng t hlp hs Prty nd hs clss. H s drctr f th vst Ntnl Dscunt Cmpny (ssts 224m), whch pys hm slry bggr thn th 3,500 yr b gts s n MP.

H lvs n fshnbl Blgrv nd wrts Grk vrs.

Wht ds h blv n?

Hghr Unmplymnt. H hs cnsstntly dvctd ntnl vrg f 3 pr cnt unmplyd.

Cuts n th Scl Srvcs. H wnts hghr hlth chrgs, lss cuncl huss, chrgs fr stt ductn nd lwr unmplymnt py.

Mss Sckngs n th Dcks. gn nd gn h hs rgud tht th dcks r grssly vrmnnd.'

t ws th Pwll ffr, clsly fllwd by th Frnch gnrl strk, whch md t clr tht t ws pssbl t mbrk n th prcss f buldng n ndpndnt rvlutnry prty. Rvlutnry prts rc bult, nt prclmd, nd th tsk f trnsfrmng smll grup nt prty s n tht rqurs whl numbr f dffrnt stgs f dvlpmnt. rvlutnry prry hs t mt crtr f sz, clss cmpstn, prgrmm nd cpcty t ntrvn. S n 1968 culd nt bgn t stsfy th rqurmnt n ny cunt.

Th frst stp ws t brk wth th smll grup trdtn tht hd chrctrsd rvlutnry pltcs n Brtn fr th prvus twnty yrs. Grups hd bn dfnd nd sprtd frm ch thr by fn pnts f nlyss--nturl nugh n prd f prpgnd rgnstn. Nw t ws ncssry t brng t th fr th ds f cmbt rgnstn, dfnd nt nly by ts nlyss, but by wht t fught fr. t ws n ths sprt tht S ssud n ppl t ll thr rvlutnry grupngs fr unty rund bsc grmnt n fur fundmntl pnts f prncpl:

1. ppstn t mprlsm; fr th vctry f ll gnun ntnl lbrtn mvmnts.

2. ppstn t rcsm n ll ts frms nd t cntrls n mmgrtn.

3. ppstn t stt cntrl f trd unns; supprt fr ll prgrssv strks.

4. Wrkrs' cntrl f scty nd ndustry s th nly ltrntv t fscsm.

t s mprtnt t b clr wht ths mv mnt n th cntxt f th prd. Thr ws bg mvmnt f yuth twrds sclst pltcs n th VSC; mny Lbur Prty ctvsts wr drppng ut n dsgust; sctns f th CP wr dsllusnd wth thr Prry's pssvty nd mprssd by th rs f th rvlutnry lft - stutn rnfrcd by th Russn nvsn f Czchslvk n 1968.

t th sm tm nn f th rvlutnry grups hd th sz r crdblty t srv s fcus fr ths ptntl rcruts. untd rgnstn culd hv pckd up mny ppl wh wuld thrws hv bn lst.

Hwvr, f such unfd rgnstn hd cm nt bng, t wuld hv bn mddl-clss nd lrgly studnt n cmpstn, nd mrphus n pltcs. lng fght - nd prbbly splts - wuld hv bn ncssry t trnsfrm t nt rl wrkrs' prty. s t ws th unty prpsls fld, th gruplts dd nt rspnd. Ths ws prbbly nvtbl; but thy dd rprsnt dclrtn f ntnt, clr ndctn tht nw styl f pltcs nd nw frm f rgnstn ws gng t b ncssry.

Hwvr, t b prcs, th ppl fr unty ws nt qut unsuccssful. n gruplt n th lft dd rspnd pstvly - Wrkrs Fght, tny sct whs rthdx Trtskyst pltcs wr ndstngushbl frm ths f rnst Mndl's `Furth ntrntnl', but wh wr nt prprd t jn t rgnstnlly. n th uphrc tmsphr f 1968 th unty ws cnsummtd rpdly wthut suffcnt cr bng gvn t th cndtns n whch th unty ws t b mntnd.

n fct, thr ws nvr n ffctv fusn. Wrkrs Fght mntnd ts wn rgnstn - wth ts wn dscpln, subscrptns nd vn prbtnry mmbrshp - nsd S. Th rsult culd nly b cntnung frctn, lglstc dsputs but fctnl rghts, nd srus dsruptn f S's wrk n numbr f rs. Th whl unfrtunt stutn drggd n fr thr yrs untl Spcl Cnfrnc n Dcmbr 1971 dcdd t nd th fusn, nd t gv Wrkrs Fght supprtrs th chnc t chs whch rgnstn thy wntd t blng t.

Th rcgntn f th nd t strt buldng th prty nw mpld th nd fr chngs n S's structur. vr th prvus yrs S hd chngd frm prpgnd grup nt grup tht nggd n gttn n lclsd nd frgmntd mnnr. Nw tht gnrlsd pltcs ws bck n th gnd, t ws ncssry t trnsfrm t nt rvlutnry cmbt rgnstn. Ths mnt rrgnsng th grup ccrdng t th prncpls f dmcrtc cntrlsm.

n thry ths mnt rcgnsng tw mprtnt prncpls. Frstly, unlk cthr th Stlnst r Scl-Dmcrtc prty, th rvlutnry prty n th Blshvk trdtn ds nt substtut tslf fr th clss; t s cnscus mnrty whch fghts fr ts ds wthn th rgnstn f th clss (trd unns, Svts, tc). Thrfr th knd f dmcrcy w wuld dmnd n, fr xmpl, trd unn, s nt pprprt t rvlutnry rgnstn. Scndly, rvlutnry rgnstn nds dmcrcy n rdr t mk scntfc vlutn f th stutn; but whn dcsns hv bn tkn, th mnrty must ccpt th nd fr unty n ctn.

n prctc ths ld t sm frly mdst rgnstnl prpsls. Frstly, tht th ldng bdy f th rgnstn shuld b lctd n pltcl bss - tht s, by lctn f ntnl bdy frm ntnl cnfrnc. Hthrt thr hd bn `fdrl' prncpl n prtn; ch brnch snt dlgt. Scndly, th rght f th rgnstn c mps dscpln n ll mmbrs ws sttd. drft frm th Pltcl Cmmtt (Sptmbr 1968) put th mttr n surprsngly mdrt trms:

`Brnchs must ccpt drctvs frm th cntr, unlss thy fundmntlly dsgr wth thm, n whch cs thy shuld try t ccrd wth thm whl dmndng n pn dbt n th mttr'.

n rtrspct ll ths pprs mr r lss unxcptnbl nd uncntrvrsl. n fct t cusd th grtst ntrnl uphvl S hd vr hd. ntrnl dcumnts prlfrtd nd t lst fv fctns cm nt xstnc. t tk tw strmy cnfrncs (n Sptmbr nd Dcmbr 1968) bfr nw, dmcrtc cntrlst cnsttutn culd b grd.

Th ht f th dbt cn b prtly xplnd by th nwnss f th mmbrshp - gd hlf hd bn n th grup nly fw mnths, nd by th fct tht mny f thm hd cm strght frm th hdy tmsphr f studnt pltcs. But th ssus t stk wr mr fundmntl. Whn th mn jb hd bn struggl n th frgmnts, th nd hd bn t ncurg nttv; cndtns fr th tnnts' struggl vrd s grtly btwn, sy, Nwcstl, Shffld nd Lndn, tht unfd drctvs wuld hv bn f lttl hlp t nyn. t ws, n fct, vtl t strss tht cmrds shuld nt wt fr drctvs.

Mrvr, f dmcrtc cntrlsm ws t b mnngful, t dpndd n sm dgr f mturty nd xprnc mng ths prtcptng n th ntrnl dmcrcy. f thr ws n xprnc t b cnfrntd, thn thr ws lttl vlu n cntrlsd structur. (s n ldng cmrd put t, wth prhps unncssry brutlty, f yu hv bunch f dts, thy wll lct n dt t ld thm.')

t wuld b mpssbl t d justc hr t th vrus rgumnts put frwrd, bth by th lbrtrn ppstn t dmcrtc cntrlsm, nd by ths wh flt tht th S ldrshp ws stll bng nsuffcntly `hrd' n th qustn. lthugh thy wr f vstly dffrng dgrs f sphstctn, th fctn fght ws n blnc pstv xprnc. S mmbrs, ld nd nw lk, wr frcd t thnk nd rgu thrugh th whl qustn f th rvlutnry prty. Thr wr csults, sm gd ctvsts fund thmslvs unbl t tk th chng nd lft - but thy wr rltvly fw. Mr mprtnt, th vst mjrty f ths wh vtd gnst dmcrtc cntrlsm n 1968 wr wn vr t th pstn n th curs f th fllwng 12 mnths.

S hd grwn drmtclly n th curs f 1968. t hd bgun th yr wth 447 mmbrs, nd ndd wth smthng n xcss f thusnd. (Th pc f rcrutmnt nd turnvr wr s hctc tht prcs fgurs rc hrd t gt). Th mnthly Lbur Wrkr hd gvn wy t th wkly Sclst Wrkr wth vstly ncrsd crcultn. numbr f full-tm wrkrs hd bn mplyd, bth fr th ppr nd s rgnl rgnsrs. Th pc f grwth hd tkn th mmbrs by surprs.

Yt n fc f th bjctv tsks th grup ws stll tny. n th curs f 1968 S hd pntd t th s-clld vcuum n th lft' - th gp n th wrkng-clss mvmnt lft by th dms f th Lbur lft nd th bnkruptcy f th Cmmunst Prty. Yt S ws stll fr t smll t fll th gp; th tsks hd wr gng t b vn tughr.

1969-1970: TWRDS WRKRS' PRTY

BY TH mddl f 1969 th wv f rvlutnry uphr hd subsdd, nd t ws much clrr tht th struggl hd ws t b prtrctd n. Th lst yr f Lbur rul sw mssv trd unn ppstn t th prpsls fr trd unn lgsltn, nd wv f strks, spclly mng sctns f lwr-pd wrkrs wth fw trdtns f mltncy. nd wth th rturn f Try gvrnmnt n Jun 1970 thngs httd up vn mr. Hth's plcs f cnfrnttn nd wg cntrl ld t srs f bg ffcl strks - pstmn n 1971, mnrs nd Frds n 1972, vrus publc sctr grups n 1973 nd th mnrs gn n 1974.

Th nw lvl f struggl md thngs, n bjctv trms, much sr fr S. Th xprnc f Lbur gvrnmnt md th rgumnt fr n ndpndnt sclst rgnstn rght utsd th Lbur Prty vry much mr plusbl. nd th trnd twrds gvrnmnt ntrvntn n ndustrl struggls ws dng mr thn bkshp f prpgnd t brk dwn th rtfcl brrrs btwn pltcs nd cnmcs.

But t tk dvntg f th stutn S hd t trnsfrm tslf s n rgnstn. S hd cm ut f th fctn fght f 1968 wth prncpld cmmtmnt t th nd fr rvlutnry wrkrs prty but n trms f clss cmpstn th stutn ws ctully wrs thn n 1967, fr hghr prprtn f th mmbrshp bng studnts. nd lthugh ths studnts wh jnd S hd dn s n th bss f cmmtmnt t th wrkng clss nd brk wth th mr lurd frms f `studnt vngurdsm', thr ws stll grt cnfusn but wht th rl f studnts n rltn t th lbur mvmnt ctully ws.

n xprssn f ths ws th rthr frntc lfltng f fctrs tht tk plc. Studnts nxus t mk lnks wth th wrkng clss but nt qut sur hw t d t std t fctry gts wth lflts dsgnd t `brng pltcs t th wrkrs'. (n th prsnt wrtr's xprnc th wrst xmpl ws lflt cnsstng f tw tghtly pckd nd bdly duplctd sds n th qustn f th wr n Bfr. Unfrtuntly fr ny wrkr wh mngd t rd t t ll, th lflt cm t n cnclusn s t whch sd, f cthr, n shuld supprt n th wr!)

Th stutn ws ls bd fr th wrkrs n th rgnstn. n wrkrs' rgnstn wrkr s judgd, nt fr wht h s, but fr wht h ds. n ths prd f studnt dmntn n S, t ws ftn nugh t prclm tht n ws wrkr t wn dmrtn nd flttry. t n S cnfrnc n ndustrl wrkr dnuncd dcumnt bng crcultd s `s bd t must hv bn wrttn by sclgst.' H ws chrd t th ch by th udnc, fr prcntg f whm wr sclgy studnts.

Wht nw hd t b bgun ws systmtc trnsfrmtn f th rgnstn. Vry crudly, t s pssbl t s thr mn phss n ths prcss:

Th mmbrshp bd t b rrnttd twrds th ndustrl wrkng clss. Studnts n prtculr bd t b tld tht, whl thy shuld nt bstn frm rl struggls n th Cllgs, thr mn prrty shuld b mkng prpgnd nd fndng cntcts n th lbur mvmnt;

Th cmpstn f th rgnstn bd t b chngd by rcrutng wrkrs nt th rgnstn.

Th wrkrs n th rgnstn hd t tk vr th pltcl ldrshp. Ths mnt, nt nly trnsfrmng th ntnl ldrshp, but ls crtng lcl structur bsd n functnl unts - n prtculr t fctry brnchs - n whch wrkrs wuld hv th ldng rl.

n prctc, f curs, thngs dd nt g s smthly. Th stgs f grwth vrlppd cnsdrbly (fr xmpl, th xstnc f studnt bs ssstd S's crdblty n ntrvnng n th 1972 mnrs' strk). Mrvr thr ws nvtbl frctn nd n vrmphss put n crtn turns. Cmrds ftn fund dffculty n mkng th trnstns frm n stg t th nxt. Fr xmpl, bl prpgndsts tndd t thnk f wrkrs s bng trnlly `cntcts' rthr thn brngng thm nt mmbrshp. nd ths wh hd shwn grt tlnt t rcrutng nd rgnsng fund t hrd t hnd vr ldrshp t ths thy hd rcrutd nd rgnsd. Mrvr, th chngs hd t b md n wrld tht dd nt gv S lsur t slv ts ntrnl prblms, but frcd t t mv vr mr quckly.

Th frst mjr crss t ht th rgnstn cm n ugust 1969. Fllwng yr f muntng struggl n th Nrth f rlnd, fghtng ruptd n Drry, nd Brtsh trps wr snt n, stnsbly t prsrv th pc. Ths prsntd S wth srus prblms f tctcs nd prncpls.

n th n hnd S hd cmpgnd cnsstntly fr th wthdrwl f Brtsh trps frm th Nrth f rlnd. Hwvr, n th mmdt stutn, n whch th Cthlc frcs wr vry much th wkr, nthr th R nr th Ppl's Dmcrcy ws dmndng th mmdt wthdrwl f Brtsh trps, S hd t cmbn ts ntrntnlsm (ts cncrn t hv th sm pstn s cmrds n rlnd) wth ts rspnsblty t brng hm t Brtsh wrkrs th rl f Brtsh mprlsm. n th vnt t ws dcdd nt t mk `Wthdrw th Trps Nw' n gttnl slgn. mnrty f th ldrshp nd f th mmbrshp dssntd.

Hwvr, th mn mphss n Sclst Wrkr ws n th nd fr Cthlc slf-dfnc nd n th ptntl rl f th trps. Th wk tht th trps wnt n, Sclst Wrkr hdlnd:

`TH BRRCDS MUST STY UNTL

B-Spcls dsbndd

RUC dsrmd

Spcl Pwrs ct blshd

Pltcl prsnrs rlsd.'

Th ld rtcl xpndd:

`Crtnly th mss f Cthlcs, ftr thr dys f bttr fghtng, wr rlvd t s th RUC nd th Spcls wthdrw, nd t ths xtnt wr gld t s th Brtsh trps.

`But t shuld nt b thught tht th prsnc f Brtsh trps cn bgn t slv thr prblms.

` Th rl f th Brtsh trps s nt t brng ny rl slutn t th prblms f th ppl f Nrthrn rlnd, but t frz stutn tht lkd lk gttng ut f hnd nd dmgng th ntrsts f th Brtsh rulng clss n rlnd.' Sclst Wrkr, 21 ugust, 1969.

By rly 1970 th pnly rprssv rl f th trps hd bcm pprnt t ll, nd snc thn S hs cmpgnd cnsstntly fr th wthdrwl f ll Brtsh trps. Nnthlss sldrty wrk n th rsh qustn cusd mny prblms. Prtly ths ws bcus t tms f dwnturn n th struggl, th untd frnt bds tht S wrkd wthn bcm lttl mr thn mtng grunds fr rprsnttvs f smll grups nd n xcus fr sctrn bckbtng. ls, hwvr, t tk tm t dvlp clr prspctv md th cmplxts f th rsh stutn. S's pstn ws lwys n f uncndtnl supprt fr th R n th struggl gnst mprlsm, nd f lnks wth sclst grupngs (Ppl's Dmcrcy) nd ndvduls (Brndtt Dvln) n rlnd. But wht ls ndd t b md clr ws th nd fr n ndpndnt wrkng-clss-bsd rvlutnry prty n rlnd s th nly ltrntv t th dd-nd ntnlsm f th R.

Th mn prrty thrughut ths prd, hwvr, ws ndustry. ndd, S ws ftn ccusd f n-sddnss nd `cnmsm' bcus f ts nglct f thr sctrs (g studnts) nd thr rs f wrk (g ntrntnl sldrty). But gvn th vrwhlmng dffculty f wnnng rts n th wrkng clss, nd th vrrdng urgncy f dng s, such lck f blnc ws justfd. n th bstrct t s fn t tlk f `brngng pltcs t wrkrs'; but f thr rc n wrkrs t brng thm t, thn th dscussn s futl.

Th frst stg n th trnsfrmtn f S ws th s-clld `Turn t th Clss' f 1969. n sns ths ws msnmr; S hd lwys bn dstngushd frm thr tndncs by ts strss n th rl f th wrkng clss. Wht th `Turn t th Clss' nvlvd ws, frstly, n ttmpt t dvrt th mn nrgs f th rgnstn n t wrk rund ndustry nd th trd unns; nd scndly, n ffrt t mk ths wrk mr srus nd systmtc, rthr thn th rndm ctvty tht ws gng n. Ths mnt ssntlly n ffrt f ductn nd rgnstn. Cmrds wth n xprnc f th lbur mvmnt hd t mk grt ffrts t lrn f ts trdtns nd f th wy th trd unn mvmnt ctully prtd. Grups wr frmd f cmrds wrkng rund prtculr ndustrs nd cmbns. n ttmpt ws md t stblsh th mn prrts fr ndustrl wrk. Lflts hd t b wrttn n rspnsbl fshn, f pssbl wth cntct nsd th fctry.

ll ths ws stll ssntlly wrk frm th utsd. Thr wr stll fw ndustrl wrkrs nsd S. Th frst jb ws t turn lrgly studnt nd mddl-clss mmbrshp nt cdr cpbl f mkng sm mpct n th ndustrl wrkng clss. Ths n turn prvdd slctn prcss; mmbrshp ctully fll durng 1969, thugh th grup bcm strngr nd mr srus.

By th utumn f 1970, fllwng th Try lctn vctry, th tm hd bn rchd fr th nxt stg, th lunchng f mmbrshp cmpgn. Systmtc wrk rund th fctrs nd th prductn f hgh stndrd f prpgnd hd wn S cnsdrbl dgr f crdblty; but ths ws stll xprssd n th frm f prphry f supprt rthr thn ctul wrkr mmbrs. Th rcrutmnt cmpgn lunchd n Sptmbr 1970 md t fv hundrd nw mmbrs vr thr mnths; t ws fllwd by furthr cmpgn n th summr f 1971. Th m ws t trnsfrm th ntur f th brnchs, t mk thm, n Trtsky's phrs, `hbtbl fr wrkrs'. n Dfnc f Mrxsm, (Nw Yrk, 1965) p.109.

s hd lwys bn th prctc n S, th m ws t wn rcruts t th rgnstn n th bss f mnmum grmnt n ctvty, nd lv th qustn f ductn n th wdr spcts f S pltcs t b dvlpd n th prcss f wrk nsd th rgnstn. Mny crtcs f th rcrutmnt strtgy, nsd nd utsd S rgud tht th rgnstn shuld b mr `slctv' nd mps mr cntrl-such s prbtnry mmbrshp - n nw ntrnts. Ths ws t mstk th ntur f th prcss. Thr ws ndd slctn - numbr f ths wh jnd subsquntly lft gn; n sm css t ws bcus th rgnstn fld t hld thm, n thrs bcus thy wr nt rdy t gv th cmmtmnt rqurd fr mmbrshp. But thr ws n wy ths culd b frcst n dvnc, n mgc mrk ngrvd n th frhds f ptntl rcruts. nly th xprnc f cmmn struggl ws bl t shw whch cmrds wuld lst th pc.

Th prrqust fr th rcrutmnt cmpgn ws cnsdrbl nthussm n th prt f th mmbrshp. Lrg publc mtngs - sm fturng Brndtt Dvln - wr hld. bvusly mstks wr md nd sm f th nw mmbrs wr lst. Th mprtnt thng ws t stblsh tht S ws nt clsd sct skng t rnfrc ts wn purty, but n rgnstn pn t th wrkng clss.

Thr ws, hwvr, sm rsstnc t th mmbrshp cmpgn wthn th rgnstn - ndd, th whl xrcs hd t b fught thrugh n tw frnts, th struggl t mk S mr crdbl n th utsd wrld bng prllld by struggl t cnvnc th xstng mmbrshp.

Th mn rgumnt brught gnst strtgy f pn rcrutmnt ws th dngr f s-clld `dlutn'. nxprncd cmrds, t ws clmd, culd nt prtcpt ffctvly n ntrnl dmcrcy (thugh n fct mny f th nw rcruts hd fr mr xprnc f th clss struggl thn lt f lng-stndng S mmbrs). Mrvr, t ws suggstd, S ws scrfcng prgrmmtc crrctnss n fvur f shr numrcl sz.

n th bstrct, ths pstn hd n lmnt f truth, nd culd b bckd up by slctd quttns frm Lnn. Th rl pnt ws t vlut wht wr th mn dngrs n th currnt prd. lthugh rvlutnry ds wr mkng sm mpct n th wrkng clss, s tht rcrutng cmpgn ws pssblty, t just ws nt tru tht thr ws ny dngr f mss f ptntlly pprtunst wrkrs wtng t th gts fr th chnc t fld nt S fr th wrst pssbl mtvs. S mmbrshp fr wrkr ffrd sm nrus rspnsblts (lk hvng t b dntfd n hs plc f wrk wth ppr whch supprtd th R nd ppsd mmgrtn cntrl) nd prcus fw cnsltns. Th drs my hv bn pn, but rcruts stll hd t b drggd thrugh.

Th rgumnts wr dbtd vr prd t vry lvl n th rgnstn. Fr th ssu culd nt b dcdd by smpl vt. n cnnt nstruct cmrds t rcrut; th jb cn b dn nly by ppl wh rc cnvncd tht thy wnt t d t.

Th rsults rc shwn by th fgurs. t th str 1970 Cnfrnc S hd mmbrshp f 880; by str 1972 ths hd rsn t 2351. brkdwn f th scl cmpstn t sr 1972 shwd 26 pr cnt mnul wrkrs nd 31 pr cnt wht-cllr wrkrs.

S hd by nw csd t b prpgnd grup. But ths dd nt mn tht prpgnd hd csd t b mprtnt. n th cntrry, t ws th cntnul flw f prpgnd mtrl tht ws cntrl t ts grwng nflunc. Fundmntl t ths ws th buldng f Sclst Wrkr. Th ppr hd chngd ts nm frm Lbur Wrkr t cnfrm th brk wth ntry wrk n th Lbur Prty. n Sptmbr 1968 th ppr ws lunchd s wkly. t hd fur pgs, cst tw (ld) pnc, nd lkd smwht scruffy. t ws sld mnly by studnts utsd th gts f fctrs nd n cuncl stts. Slwly th ppr ws mprvd; t grw t sx pgs n 1969, ght n 1970, twlv n 1971 nd sxtn n 1972. Th crcultn rs frm undr tn thusnd n 1968 t vr thrty thusnd sm fv yrs ltr. But t ws nt smply th sl f th ppr r ts jurnlstc qulty tht mttrd; t ws ts pltcl rl. t ws Sclst Wrkr whch gv th pltcl chrnc t n rgnstn whs mmbrs wr nvlvd n struggls tht dffrd wdly frm n frm nthr. t ws Sclst Wrkr tht prvdd th mn ln f cmmunctn btwn th cntr nd th mmbrshp nd prphry. t ws Sclst Wrkr tht prvdd th pltcl bss fr th mmbrshp, th pltcl ln tht vry mmbr hd t dfnd t ths h sld t.

ls f grt mprtnc n ncrsng S's crdblty ws Tny Clffs bk Th mplyrs' ffnsv, Lndn, 1970 study f prductvty dlng nd th strtgy fr fghtng t. Tw thngs md th wrk mprtnt. Frstly, Clff ws bl t drw xtnsvly n th xprnc f S's ndustrl mmbrshp nd prphry; th wrk ws rlly th rsult f cllctv ffrt. Scndly, lthugh th subjct mttr mght sm tchncl, t rsd crucl pltcl ssus. Th trd unn burucrcy, ncludng th `lft' burucrts supprtd by th Cmmunst Prty, wr hvly mplctd n prductvty dls. Th Cmmunst Prty, dspt ts much grtr ndustrl nflunc, culd nt hv prducd th bk.

Th mplyrs' ffnsv ffrd vlubl wy fr S brnchs t xtnd thr nflunc nd cntcts. By cllctng lsts f lcl trd unnsts t ws pssbl t rrng wdsprd sls.

But ths ws stll pprchng th clss frm th utsd. Th prblm nw ws t mk S prt f th wrkng-clss mvmnt. S ws grtly ssstd n ths by th cntnud dcln f th Cmmunst Prty. Th Cmmunst Prty ws ncrsngly unbl t crry thrugh ny c-rdntd strtgy n ndustry, bcus f th dvrgng ntrsts f ts rnk-nd-fl mltnts nd ts mmbrs nd frnds n th burucrcy. Ths ld t t tkng pssv rl n mny struggls, nd t grt rluctnc t prtcpt n ny rnk-nd-fl mvmnt. Cf. rtcls by J. Twnsnd nd C. Hrmn n S 62 nd 63 nd S. Jffrys n S 76. Fr xmpl, whn th fv dckrs wr jld n th summr f 1972, th Cmmunst Prty, nd ts ndustrl frnt, th Lsn Cmmtt fr th Dfnc f Trd Unns, wr mr r lss nctv. Th pssblty fr S t tk th ld n n ncrsng numbr f struggls ws nw pn. But fr ths furthr chngs n th structur f th rgnstn wr ncssry, whch nc gn hd t b fught fr gnst cnsdrbl rsstnc.

Dspt S's rnttn t ndustry, ts rgnstnl structur n 1972 ws stll ggrphcl n; mmbrs blngd t brnchs ccrdng t th rs thy lvd n. Such structur s, f curs, fn fr n rgnstn whs mn cncrn s lctrl pltcs; fr n rgnstn bsd n struggl n th trd unn nd th wrk plc th structur ws pstv mpdmnt. Th m hd t b tw-fld; t dvlp ffctv unn nd ndustrl frctns, nd t mv, whr pssbl, t wrkplc brnchs.

Th dvlpmnt f ffctv frctns ws ntmtly lnkd t th prspctv f buldng rnk-nd-fl mvmnts nsd th trd unn mvmnt. Th ultmt m ws t rpt th succsss f th Mnrty Mvmnt f th 1920s, thugh t ws clrly rcgnsd tht ths culd nly b dn wth much bggr bs thn ws t prsnt vlbl.

Th mdl ws prvdd by th wrk crrd ut snc 1967 n th Ntnl Unn f Tchrs. Hr smll grup f S tchrs hd cm tgthr wth sm Cmmunst Prty mmbrs wh wr dsllusnd by th ncrsngly cnsrvtv rl f th Cmmunst Prty wthn th unn. s rsult th ppr Rnk nd Fl ws st up; t rpdly bcm th fcus fr th mltnt lft n th unn, nd succdd n ttrctng supprt wy bynd S nd S sympthsrs.

s th rl f th trd unn burucrcy s th mn bstcl t shp-flr mltncy bcm mr nd mr bvus n th rly svnts, S mmbrs wr bl t prtcpt n, nd n sm css ntt, th crtn f smlr pprs n numbr f unns nd ndustrs - Th Cllr, Th Cr-wrkr, Th Hsptl Wrkr nd svrl thrs. t ws n turn numbr f ths pprs whch tk th nttv n cllng th frst cnfrnc f th Ntnl Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt n Mrch 1974, ttndd by mr thn 500 dlgts frm vr 300 trd unn rgnstns.

n th qustn f fctry brnchs thr ws mr cntrvrsy. Fctry brnchs hd lwys bn prt f S's trdtn; ndd th frst fctry brnch - t NV - hd bn st up s rly s 1966. But th Cnfrnc t str 1972 pssd rslutn dclrng ppstn t fctry brnchs--thugh t ws crrd by n llnc f ths wh ppsd fctry brnchs n prncpl nd ths wh smply thught t prmtur t stblsh thm.

Th mn rgumnt gnst fctry brnchs ws tht thy tndd t sgrgt sctns f th mmbrshp, whrs th m f rvlutnry prty shuld b t nbl ch mmbr t trnscnd hs sctnl stutn nd prtcpt n th ttlty f th prty's wrk. gnst ths dlst vw, th rgumnt fr fctry brnchs strssd tht mmbrs hd t b rgnsd fr ctn, nt dscussn, nd tht fctry brnchs wuld nbl grt ncrs n th rcrutmnt f wrkrs.

Th Cnfrnc hld n Mrch 1973 rslvd t g hd wth th buldng f fctry brnchs. t th sm tm th dft f numbr f sctns f wrkrs wh hd fught gnst th Try Phs Tw mnt tht mr wrkrs wr rlsng th nd fr rvlutnry pltcs. S ntrd nthr phs f rpd grwth, nd wthn mnths but frty fctry brnchs wr stblshd.

But vnts wr mvng quckly n th wrld utsd ls. Th l crss nd Hth's Phs Thr strtgy f cnfrnttn ld t th thr-dy wk nd th mnrs' strk. Th wks ldng up t th Fbrury 1974 Gnrl lctn ld t prd f hctc prpgnd ctvty nd Sclst Wrkr rchd pk sl f wll vr frty thusnd. Dspt th nthussm f th cmrds, th rgnstn's rsurcs wr strnd lmst t brkng pnt.

Lbur's hrsbrdth vctry n th lctn ld t dffrnt stutn whch rqurd furthr dpttn. S hd crrctly dntfd th rgnstnl dcln f th Lbur Prry nd thrfr rjctd ny such strtgy s ntry wrk r cncntrtn n `xpsur' f th Lbur ldrs by puttng dmnds n thm. Wht ws smwht undrstmtd ws Lbur's dlgcl nflunc, whch nbld t t vd ny hd-n cnfrnttns fr th frst yr n ffc. lthugh thr wr sm bg struggls, ntbly mng sctrs wth n trdtnl lnks t Lbur-nurss, tchrs, lcl gvrnmnt wrkrs - th stutn ws n gnrl much mr frgmntry thn undr th Trs.

S's grwth nd th chngng crcumstncs mnt th mrgnc f nw st f prblms. Whl S ws stll smll rgnstn, t ws mr nd mr cnfrntd wth tsks tht rqurd much bggr rgnstn. S mmbrs bgn t fc prblms fr whch thr wr n prcdnts wthn th xprnc f mst cmrds. s rsult thr wr ncssrly dvrgncs, nd n th mnths prcdng th Sptmbr 1974 Cnfrnc thr ws shrp ntrnl dbt.

numbr f ssus bcm clsly ntrtwnd n ths dbt. n mn ssu cncrnd th prspctv fr grwth. Wr th ptntl rcruts fr th rgnstn t b fund mng ths wrkrs wh hd lrdy sm xprnc f th xstng pltcl rgnstns, r wuld thy cm frm mng yung wrkrs wth fw trdtns nd lttl xprnc f wrk n th lbur mvmnt. Ths n turn rsd th qustn f hw Sclst Wrkr shuld rntt ts rtcls.

Lnkd t ths ws th dmnd fr mr wrkrs t b ctvly nvlvd s wrtrs fr Sclst Wrkr. Ths n turn rsd th whl prblm f puttng mr nd mr f th rspnsblty fr ldrshp t vry lvl nt th hnds f wrkrs.


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