Methods of teaching speech

The most common difficulties in auding and speaking. Psychological characteristics of speech. Linguistic characteristics of speech. Prepared and unprepared speech. Mistakes and how to correct them. Speaking in teaching practice. Speech, oral exercises.

Рубрика Педагогика
Вид курсовая работа
Язык английский
Дата добавления 01.04.2008
Размер файла 35,8 K

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Having made our work we come to conclusion, that auding or listening and comprehension are difficult for learners because they should discriminate speech sounds quickly, retain them while hearing a word, a phrase, or a sentence and recognize this as a sense unit. Pupils can easily and naturally do this in their own language and they cannot do this in a foreign language when they start learning the language. Pupils are very slow in grasping what they hear because they are conscious of the linguistic forms they perceive by the ear. This results in misunderstanding or a complete failure of understanding.

When auding a foreign language pupils should be very attentive and think hard. They should strain their memory and will power to keep the sequence of sounds they hear and to decode it. Not all the pupils can cope with the difficulties entailed. The teacher should help them by making this work easier and more interesting.

Speech is a process of communication by means of language. Oral exercises are quite indispensable to developing speech. However, they only prepare pupils for speaking and cannot be considered to be “speech” as some teachers are apt to think and who are often satisfied with oral exercises which pupils perform following the model; they seldom use stimuli for developing pupils' auding and speaking in the target language.

In conclusion it should be said that prepared and unprepared speech must be developed simultaneously from the very beginning. The relationship between prepared and unprepared speech should very depending on the stage of learning the language. In the junior stage prepared speech takes the lead, while in the senior stage unprepared speech should prevail.

List of literature

1. Anitchkov I., SaakyantsV. Methods of teaching English. Moscow, 1966.- 248p.

2. Harner Jeremy. The practice of English language teaching. L. - New York,
1991.-296p.

3. Potter Mike. International issues. Teacher's book. L., 1991.- 125p.

4. Rogova G. Methods of teaching English. Leningrad, 1975.- 312p.

5. Бугаев Н.И. Обучение - это общение.// Народное образование Якутии- 1992 №2 с.37-49

6. Загвязинский В.И. Методология и методика дидактических исследований.- М: Педагогика, 1982

7. Зимняя И. А. Психологическая характеристика слушания и говорения как видов речевой деятельности. - «Иностранные языки в школе», 1973

8. Маслыко Е. А. Настольная книга преподавателя иностранного языка: Справочное пособие.- Мн.: Высшая школа, 1999.

List of Vocabulary

1. arpeggios- последовательное исполнение звуков аккорда

2. arranging- приводить в порядок; расставлять

3. aud- аудировать

4. audience- публика; зрители

5. audio-visual aids- аудиовизуальные средства обучения

6. close-to-real situations- близкие к реальности ситуации

7. complete failure- полный провал

8. conversational tags- обрывки речи

9. Delayed- отложенный, отсроченный

10. drilling pronunciation- отработанное произношение

11. postpositions- помещение, расположение позади

12. Ensure conditions- гарантированные условия

13. eye-learners- ученики с визуальной памятью

14. exactness- точность; аккуратность, пунктуальность

15. feed back- заднее содержание

16. flexible- гибкий; гнущийся; мягкий, эластичный

17. fluency- плавность; беглость

18. Free speech- свободная речь

19. grammar exercises - упражнения на грамматику

20. Immediate- прямой, непосредственный

21. interpreter- переводчик

22. interlocutor- собеседник

23. lead-response units-приемистая единица

24. Linguistic peculiarities- лингвистическая особенность

25. logical sequence- логическая последовательность

26. manifold repetitions- многократные репетиции

27. mechanical drill exercises- механически отработанные упражнения

28. methodologists- методисты

29. misuse a preposition- неправильно использованный предлог

30. Modified- усовершенствованный

31. native speakers- носитель языка

32. plenty of preliminary exercises- достаток подготовки

33. preference- предпочтение; преимущество

34. prevail- восторжествовать, одержать победу; достичь цели

35. pupils' errors- заблуждения ученика

36. pupils' skills- навык ученика

37. rearranging- перестройка; реконфигурация

38. reception- приём, получение, принятие

39. reproduction- воспроизведение, размножение; репродуцирование

40. senior stage- старшие классы

41. stock of patterns- запас образцов

42. syllabus- программа (курса, лекций и т. д.)

43. target language- цель языка

44. time-consuming- отнимающий много времени, связанный с тратой времени; трудоёмкий (о работе, занятии и т. п.)

45. teacher's disposal- расположение учителя

46. teacher's supervision- надзор учителя

47. to "accumulate"- аккумулировать, накапливать;

48. undue talkativeness- чрезмерная болтливость

49. utterance- выражение в словах, произнесение

50. Visual "props"- зрительная опора


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