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14.05.2015
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Peca aaca ee pea coo popeccpe cpa c o pe pa eopa coe pa eoea. eo a oce oa ocoac paa oa OCE 2010 o. aece popea coeo oca peceae OCE aaca opee poee oepaoc. coe oca apo aacaa "ooe ecee - o ooec oe - oe oooc aacaa" (2010.) .A. aapae ao, o "aacacoe peceaeco cao eo opaa o eoacoc e poo o eo: "oepe. pa. pacapeoc. oepaoc".

Aaoc pao e oea. aaca ocaec oo eo cpa a occoeco pocpace, e ap aoaoe coace. o oa oepecacoo opoca oeceoo e, poooo 2010 o 53,2% pecoeo aa eaoae ooe aacae coo, 33,9% - pec, 13,3% - epa, oo 2,1% - ape.

Ceo Pece o 3,8 c o, e e oac a aaco e, 2,4 c o oa a pcco e, 78 - a eco, 13 - a pco, 3 - a aco oo - a paco. 2019 oa pee peoac a eco a. a oceee pe Pec epoc oee 40 c cee ec aao. ecoe aceee oocc coepeo oo. o coa a cc eapoo opaa o pa P a aa, aaca ep cpa C oo ooa pope coe paoo o, o ooo copa caoc Pece.

aaca coe copeco pa coppoac a ooaoaoe ocapco.

ae 2011 oa Aeca Pec aaca o cace ceece, oa ceoc acee Pece aaca 17 . eoe. O oeo ca ce aacae - aa coca 65,03%, pcce - 21,83 %, pa - 1,95%, e - 2,92%, aap - 1,23%, p - 1,41%, e - 1,9%, pe oc - 4,49%.

Copeea ca oece apaepec poee e oeceoo pa, opaa opeoc o aoec a eopaec pa, copece, epoc. o e pe epea poo, coaoo, oecoo pocpaca a a ep a poe eco oepaoc.

acoee pe aacae pooc paoa o oepa aop eaoa ooe paa popa Accae apoo aacaa, coao o ae peea Pec aaca. O aaoc oepaoc ep aoec aacae ceece poe op aoaoo eca aacaa, papaoa o ae a ocapca a XIV cecc Accae apoa aacaa 23 op 2008 oa. popaa ao ocaec o ce peoa pec. copae eca, pa cooc ooaoao ocapce, ao ec aaca, eooo oca ooe e eco oepaoc. aa oa cceoa. oo paoe pacpa cooeca cea oepaoc oc; e cooece aop ceoo pa eco oepaoc oc ooaoao oee

Oe cceoa: oepaoc oc a cooo-aeooecoe ee ooaoao oee.

pee cceoa: cooece aop pa eco oepaoc oc ooaoao oee. e cceoa: pacp cooec coc eco oepaoc oc. aa cceoa:

1. poaapoa eopeo-eoooece oo cceoa oepaoc cop cooeco a.

2. oepaoc oc a coao-cooec eoe.

3. cceoa cooece aop co pa eco oepaoc oc ooaoao oee.

4. Papaoa coe o oppoa eeco oepaoc oc ooaoao oee.

oea cceoa aaec peooe, o eca oepaoc oc oee paaec, ec coac co coeco coao ao eeoc c paee e oeceaec coco epap eoc opea.

oce e oo pao pec cee eo: eopeo-eoooec aa epap coo; pece eo: aee, ecea, aepoae, opoc; ee aa eac apaepc; oe-aa.

ecpoae poooc c cooae eo coceaeco aoc cpo oa (C) .. Cooa, oeco eo e eoc opea (a ocoe eo .Poa .apa) , eoeco papao .. Coaoo C.. Poo eco eoc, eca .a .a-apaa Twety Statemets Attitude Test (Kuh, McPartlad), a coao ca .C. oapca (Emory S.Bogardus), eo e ec ao- eepocepeoo (a ocoe eoa ceaecoo epeaa), eoeco papao .. Coaoo eca aa.

eopeo-eoooec oco oo pao coca: o ococo-cooeco oe C.. Pea, ooe oe eop pa eeoc (.. Aecee, .. poo, A.. eoe, C.. Pe, A.A. Cpo, .. eo, .. epo p.); aeoo (.. Aae, O.C. Aco, A.A. oae, A.A. epa, .. a, A.A. Pea, .. Ceeo p.); po-copeco eop (.C. oc, A.. eoe p.); copo-oooo apae coo oc (A.. Acoo p.); ooe o coao ocoeoc ocoo pa eoea (.. oea, E.. opooa, .. Apeea p.); eop coao ea (. ee, . epep p.); coo epo ooe (B.C. Aee, .. Apeea, .. aaoa, .C. o, .. pco, A.P. p, B.C. a, .. aeo, .. ope, .. Coaoa (oea), .. Ceaeo, .P. Co, p.) eooo aapoo a o eoee (.. a, C..Pe, . Poepc, . pa, A. aco p.);.

eopeeca aoc cceoa. eca oepaoc ec eoc cooec ee, apaep ooee oc ca coe ecooo aoec ooaoao oee.

paeca aoc cceoa. peoe cooec oec eo aoc eco oepaoc oc oee. aepa oo pao o cooa p papaoe cooppeo peo popa o oppoa eeco oepaoc.

1. oepaoc a coe ceoo pa copeeoo oecoo oeca

1.1 eopeece ace poe opeee coepa oepaoc

Cecea ac poeoo aacao - o aa cop poo ecoo aoec ace eo apoo, poaeo o cec o ce cep - , oeeece cepeo, opa e.

Pece aaca, oopo, poa oee 140 aoaoce, a poe o e caaac cocea oe eaoaoo oee, ocoa oopo - oepaoc.

poea e eco oepaoc cceoa e aacaa ee ooao apaep.

ep oepaoc oc ao epape oopeeo eco a ca: poo, cooo, ooo, coo, cop, eaoe.

ep oepaoc paec poo aaoe:

caoa oepaoc,

o oepaoc a coce oc,

o aa oepaoo oee,

o oepaoc a eoco opea,

a poo ope,

a ope coaoo aoec,

a eae oe,

a ooe,

a apaepce oa oo ca,

a poeccoao ao aece ceaco, paoa c pae, cooo, oo, eaoo.

oepaoc - o aee, a e epoc, oo o a ee pao a coo e, op pe, peaa ce a oc, o aa e-o op, ae ec o pacoc c a opo.

oe oa epoc a cpoe eoopee, c oop e cpc o a-o pa.

a ocaec p coe e, e cac c , a o e e aa oepaoc, oo o oepaoc opaeae cpeoc, aoe-o peee, ooe eee.

pa a acoc o copecoo oa apoo coepae o oepaoc ee pae ccoe oe:

oepaoc (o a. toleratia - epee) - cocooc eoea po epoc aoaoo opa pecaee p ec ooce, oee, aoa pa, oa, ca, e, e, ep.

ee eca oepaoc opaaec epe, caooaa, cocooc a eo oc epe oec o p e ce eo aa oooce.

eca oepoc poec pa pec ca eocoo pocoo opa, copooaec cooeco apeoc, oee oc o ec cpe aoece c pecae p apoo aco pecae ee opeeee poc, copooaec oee coco eopeeeoc pcpa[1].

* aco e oepaoc - oooc cocooc e poeca ocpa oc e;

*o paco - aee coo poo , eo opaa c, oee, oec peo o;

* aco - oepa a oo, po eoe ooe p;

* apaco oepaoc - o poee, ccoee, oc, ccoeoc, cocpaae, epee pacooeoc p;

* epcco - epee, epoc, ococ[2].

Opeeee oepaoc coepc ococo oe: oepaoc -- epoc oo poa a, paa, pa.

oepaoc eooa o ooe ocoeoc pa apoo, a pe.

ec pao epeoc cee ocoa aeoc co coce o, pao opoo ce eoo ee, oopoe e oc cpae c p oa pe e eae oo ope. Opeeee oepaoc, ao coape o e:

oepaoc -- opaoe aeco, apaepee ooee epeca, ee, epoa, pa oee p e.

A. eopc paccapae epe ooe oe oepaoc, oop cooec eoope peao cecoae cece ococe oe.

pee opeee oo e epe oco ooea oepaoc -- o

*pae,

*pe,

*aee

*oae.

pe pae pa, cec e , ceo oo ca aoee peeo opo epoo aoec. ooo coape apa a paa a pa, o pa a c, epa, pa ee, coaa.

co oepe pa -- pa aee, o ae a, coacc; ca, paa po.

aee -- o co ocoaoe a pa -o ococ, ac, aec; aa -- a ae, po ae. aa p aoc, cooe opa cooe pee oaae, o aa, po aoc, o oc p o coco e o p coco ae pa, epcaoc ae aoc.

aa oe coceoe oe, o aa oe p e:

oe ooee o pacpaec a oeceoc, e poco a epa epae ae a ooe pae coec ocoec.

o eco oepaoc oaec occe eaoo ooe o eco pe, ae ooo opaa o p p copae ooo ocp coe coceo. eca oepaoc e ec cece acc a oaa o coceo p, a pecae coo apaepc eeco epa, oopo apaepo pe ooe ooee coe eco pe ec pa p, c oop aa pa cae oa.

coo E.. a ec oepaoc a cooe caoooe opaoae oc, paaeec epoc o opa , oa, pa, paa, ca, e e.

eoooe cceoa eco oepaoc oc c po-copeca oe e cec e .C. ocoo, A. eoea oaa, o eca oepaoc oc e oe ac opoao o poecco eco ea, a a ce ocooece eoe c pa ooo eocoo e -- eco apaoc oc.

co cceoa aop ee pee eepa eco oepaoc [3].

pe eepaa eco oepaoc oocc:

1. ae coca oc (opac, o, eepae);

2. ao-ooece coca oc ( eoc ooe, oee oo ca, caooea, cooec opac, poe caoaaa, coppoaoc peaoo ߻ eaoo ߻, epap opeoce,).

e eepa eco oepaoc e:

1. oec ocao cpae.

2. Ocoeoc coao-copecoo opaa .

3. eeapae oppoaoc o cop pe coe .

4. poeccoa opea cea.

5. Poc pao poecco .

6. paaec o.

7. Ocoeoc cpe poa cea ( poao oeco opoe, coo oeco eaoce, oeco opoe peea coe Po, poae acope). cae, o aoaoe caocoae eeca oepaoc peca coo e copo oo ea -- p eaoaoo oe.

oa . cae, o opooe, oo opepoaoe aoaoe caocoae ocoo copooaec co poe eaoao epoc, pe aoa eoce p apoo o e epe, a coeo. p o oa .opeee eaoa oepaoc a cce coooc cooec caoo, c, opeeeoo aopa a oeceo-pao op (pae epe ao pa), poopeeco - oeeec opea, oope peoaa epoe, paee ooee pecaee ao-o oo aoaoc p, oaoa e (, pe, oa, opa oee).

eca oepaoc cae a coao-cooeca apaepca, poac oooc ec ooce aoecoa c p ec pa paaac ao epoc a ocoe pa p pa, cec e pa, ae oa ae oo opaa .

cpp eaoao oepaoc o ooao-cece op, ca o ooe p ec ooc, a pecae o p pa oeeece cao poopeece peeo oaoao [4].

eca oepaoc ocoaec a aceco ooe a oe ocea, c oopo pecac ece aoooe.

cppe oo eco eoc ooe opa coceo ooc cocece c o eoc ooee oec pa, eca eoc oepaoc aoca.

C eo oo oeoc oe ec c a eoeo c opo oeeoc.

oepaoc a ocoeoc coa oca epa e pca eoe aao oe oa e oc e ceao ocaa coppoaa. eoe copee opao pca pooooa ee - acopoeoc, eo epeoa o paeoc, apecc o ooe e o o eo oaec a eo e oo.

aoo eoea eccoae ea, oop cpe ooee co -- o.

eoeo po, o ocpaec a peca po [5].

peeco e ec coo ceoc.

Oo oaae cpa, eo, , ocopo, o ep oepe ee, a - o.

coo, ooc: cpa, ac, o; oo coeac, e oep.

a opaoaoc coo ceoo.

apee epoc aao opec eo ceoo: pa e o-ae a oo, pa oo a ocoo ep.

a ocoe pa ccee pace ec op, oae pa e epo o oc pooocae: -- o, co -- e, -- po.

ceoo -- o o pe oep.

co o apoe ca: oo poa oo pecac eoe a pa, oe, e.

aco aea caa ae oe, a ee ooco cpaoe, e ooee a a, a ce oo, o aea - o ea, a oo poa.

oe , aco pecac eeece oac.

Co -- o ceco oo c a po, o a e a ceco poo ooecoo a [6].

poecce paccope o oepaoc c eopeeco o pe, oo cea cee o:

1. epoc ooe e, paea po oc, peoaae, o coae cecoae cpac o pa coc oec coae paeoc ec p eoeec eo.

2. eca oepaoc ocoaa a pa p opoo paoopa, ae oooc o pe apo, a ae pacp pa ecoo oa a [7].

eca oepaoc oc oae poeo-o ca aoec c pecae p ec p.

Ec o poe oe oe e opaee eceoc, o poe oepaoc e cecoao .

3. eca oepaoc ocoaa a apee copo o ec cc eco oepaoc coco ooe po a paoocoo . eca oepaoc cae aepa, oa oa ec ooce eae opoee po.

4. eca oepaoc pae ae poo opaa op eoce.

5. eca oepaoc aa o ec e e pce epoe, epeoe ooee pocoe ppeeco ccoeoc ac ee apaep ocoa oooc cpeee eeco ao, ooo.

6. eca oepaoc paaec cpee oc aoo ae, oa coacoa paopo epeco oe pe eacce cocoa e pee ae, peeceo eoa pace ee.

7. pepe oepaoo p poopeec pa cae apaeoc a opao-pacee p op eoeecoo cecoa oope coco oece pe aoooe ec ooce oopo. eca oepaoc oe oa e poc, e e ceao ocaa, coppoaa. ocae eco oepaoc epapo cao c oppoae opo oeeoc. eca oepaoc opa oeeoc peca coo e coc.

8. oae - eooa cocaa opo oeeoc eco oepaoc. p o oae c o eco oepaoc -- o coa poecc oce eco ce, o pe a oece opo oeeoc oae -- o pea oa.

9. opa oeeoc, ocoaa a a o opa oe oac eec ooe aeea a aoe oae, peoaae oepaoc e oopa.

1.2 oppoae oepaoc opoco aaca

oepaoc a ocoa aoooe oe aa copeeo pe.

oop o coc e aacaco ocapceoc, pee .A.aapae oepae, o ope ec e eca eococ apoa aacaa [8].

a aacae, eaco o eo aoao paeoc, oe coaa, o aaca - o o o o eo pooe ocapco, cea oooe a eo paa coo.

oo o cae poec opea ocoa paa oca ca aacacoo apoa oo o cae copaae ca co opoc a paeoc ocapc, oopoe ec p eep ae a aaca[9]. aaca ceo pecae coo ocaoo paoe ocapco oopo poe aoc a oee coo ce, e e aa. oe ooecoo caoe Pec ae paeco e ocao e a coa cep. poc ece oe ocapcee popa.

Ca eo OO, aaca pa popeoc eapo oeo, oepa oppoae oepaoc: eapa o a ce op eepoc cpa a ocoe pe ee, eapa o paa , paea aoa peo ec o eca, oe peoea ECO o ope c cpae o p paeoc o o aoaoc, eapa ECO o pace paco pepacca, oe o pepee pece eoa aaa a eo [10].

Oo oee o caa coaa 1 apa 1995 oa Accae apoo aacaa. Pao Accae e cecc ocece Coe Accae, oe 63 pecaee eo Accae.

aacae aoaa oa ocapca oe eo p eocpeceo ac oec poecca pecaee ce ec opaa.

ce pope apae eeoc:

1) paoa pooo oec peoe o poee ocapceo aoao o,

2) coece pee eo eeoc, aece apaa coe pa coo paa, eaco o pacoo, aoao, coao paeoc ee [11].

Deeoc O aacae o e eco oepaoc peoc coa pco ooaoao oece, oope o a p papaoe ocapce popa paoo po:

1) poc epooc acee, ocoe ao oeopaeco cpp oeca co p pao poecco po ee ca e pa ec, peo, coa co oeca, a e ca poc coao apeoc;

2) eopeeeoc eoce coa caoo a poe oc coao p (ooe);

3) aoe pacpocpaee a eoo oppoa caoo co - e, coae paa cao epee, ocoo e oop c opoc ce ce ee co acee.

4) ooee oece cepeoo ocp poe ecooc, ceoo, oo a po coao op;

e opoc - c o o opee oece ocapce ae cpa.

oo a ao a ooee oepaoc copee oo.

e ee oaa oo ce oe ooc, cpoo pa oa aoacoc, ee ooce pa peopaoa coa cpp. a peo oo oo eepoc o o ca oeao poo ae poe.

O ao po e oopoc a-o paa oo o poea caoc aoao [12].

ocae ec aoee e cpeco pepee eepoc. ocae e oepaoc aaec c oe e o, e aac oe paa coo [13]. Oo oo apaeo a pooece , ae co cpaa oe o ooe p.

ococoa oppoa ao ooe eacoo e, pecoo occe pao ce, ocoa a opa eoc.

aoee cec coe coao a eoce ec opoco opac.

opoco opac ec ae epoo cocoao pa eoea [14].

opoco ao aec o poc , e e coe eco apaeoc eo oc ac o oo, a o e oocc cee p o pe. oo eo opoco ocoo aao caoc poea oepaoc.

o opace oppec ecoe caocoae ac, eo a ao ae oece a ece cepeo cao oe oaac aoee e.

o o epo o e, oa paccac ce pope oppec opeeeoe ee.

ocoe cooecoe coae e poco oopec, a oppec oee peo opac[16].

po caa opeeeo, oa eo, a a o ac o a cocooce pa cooecoo coa. oo ac aoee pope apaee cao paccopee opoca o oepaoc cpe opoco opace o 15 o 18[17]. Ceo ooe - o ooe ooee, co co ee peoa , o a ac oeca, opae co oopo aac coce ea, a e eeap opa oee. Ec peca cee oeco oeeo, co opaco pep, o eo opoc ooe ee ceo po epec coao cepe ee poea.

oe opao cooec opooo oeca, o paoa c cao eoooeo p aoo oeca, e eaepae eoc opeeeoo co eepec.

Peca aaca - ooaoaa cpaa, ocooe poee eepoc oeco poco a oe ooepaoc. aacae poa oee 16 oo eoe oee 130 aoaoce, o e o ce ec oocc oaoo[19].

coca opoc, aeee a ee cee oepa oepa opoco a pepe ac o. aece opaae (pecoeo) opoe aec 10- 11- ae o.

ae oaa pope pao epa oepaoc ce opao:

aa 1. paoa epa oepaoc

paoa epa oepaoc

10 acc

11 acc

1

Cepaoc

47,3%

4,4 %

2

epoc

18,1%

34,6%

3

aoc

11,4%

6,5%

4

oae

6,9%

5

ocaoc

5,1%

22,2%

6

eoc

5,0%

25,7%

7

e a opeee

4,8%

8

coc

2.1%

9

aee p

2,2%

pee ooee opeee aa oe cepaoc (10 acc) epoc (11 acc).

Coap pccoo a ae aoe ooae o:

1) cepaoc - cocooc epa ce paa eo-o;

2) epoc - cocooc pc c e-o, oca o-.

aee ope a : eoc, ocaoc, aoc, oae.

A o aee p coc, co a ocee ece. acopaae o a, o c ae e o oe oae. ae peooee o poopeeco ocp oepaoc oo a eoooc c oopo e cpc o a-o pa oaaoc ep.

oppoa paacoo oeca eooo ocae paaa - eoea oaaeo cooec o oec eoc opea.

O ae aec, pc ao eoe, ec eca oepaoc - ee epo, a aoe - c oae oocc p aoaoce, oa, pa, opaa oee.

eca oepaoc oepaoc o oo opeee apaep eaoa ooe.

a ec oepaoc, opeee a pe op pa cee pa oo eec opoa, oaa ece ae coao-cooecoe aop, a: 1) cee opo oeeoc; 2) cooeca oooc epo ao; 3) o a epoo aooa aoec.

ce apaep oac oppoa pa ac poeccoao papaoe cpeca pocee coao-cooecoo pea epoo aoec. Ocoo eco oepaoc ec oa eca eoc a eae ooe eco eoc po eco eepoc. eca eepoc - peao aa opa poe pc pacopa eco eoc o epeoc (oo, ooo, aoa aa), oa cepooe ooee coceo pe opoae oec peococa a , p [25].

o peaa poeeoo cceoa oe cee ae:

1. 63,3 % opoe eca oepaoc aoc a cpee poe; 27,6 % pecoeo e co poe eco oepaoc; 8,6 % pecoeo - poe.

2. C oo aeaec eoo o caoeo, o oaae, opaae poe eco, oe coao oepaoc pecoeo-aao oaac ecoo e, e opoe pcc, o o po oco oepaoc aae p e oac.

3. oaeo oca ce (84,5 % opoe) peoaae oa eca eoc 6 oo o; 5,2 % pecoeo aoee pae o eco eoc ec oo; eca epeoc ec peoaae 3,4 % ce; ae 3,4 % opoe aaec ooo; 3,4 % pecoeo aoee pae o oaac oaa, o e e oo ocee.

4. a o caoeo c oo aeaec eoo, poe eco epeoc ecoo e pe aao, a oaae ooa, oooa oaaa pe pcc.

3. o peaa cceoa p pcc aao e oac o ee coao ca o ooe p a. poe oo, aoee opoa coaa ca a pcc, a aao aaec o ooe oco (aoee ooce) aoaoc, poa cceeo paoe (epe ec cce a o cee oc coao ca aa oo ca pcce, aa, aap, pa, e).

4. o oee e oppe oo cea o o cecoa c e paeoc eco oepaoc paeoc oe oepaoc, coao oepaoc oepaoc a ep oc. ae eca oepaoc c a eco eoc ee ooe c c pe opae. paeoc eco oepaoc caa c paeoc a op eco epeoc, a oo, ooo oaa, oope ocoe pacopa ecoo caocoa o opaa cee ecpoc eec ooe. paeoc eco oepaoc caa c oo eco eoc (opo) (o copee ceo ocoeo e, o a o opeee peoaae coeae ooo ooe coceo apo c o ooee p apoa) eco epeoc (peoaae paae eco eoc, eaaoc oc).

ea c eco oepaoc c oc coao ca o ooe p aoaoc, o ec oee opoa cea ca o ooe pecae p a caa c paeoc o c o ooe , o cooeceo peoaae o epoc.ae oeaec c e paeoc ooo cepeoa o ooe coe a (aocepeoo) paeoc ooo cepeoa o ooe p a (eepocepeoo).

oe cceoa ao e oo pao pecoea peaac o 29 epe ooceo oop ao o caa coe coace ecoace. epe 13 epe coppoa a oaae pa aceo oepaoc; pe - eco oepaoc. oepae epe, oe ac coac: - O eoee ao c oo o eo opa poeccoa aeca, a e o eo aoaoc (100% - 10 acc, 93,5% - 11 acc);

- Paae aoao po - o pecee, a oopoe o aaa (100% - 10 acc, 93,5% - 11 acc);

- aacae pae oooc pa copae coeo a, o, pa (76,5% - 10 acc, 77,4% - 11 acc);

oepaoe epee, c oop coacoc ee ceo pecoeo:

aa 2. opoc ae epe cae pa, a ae epa, poee cpe ac 10 acca

opoc

a

e

e a

1

Copeeo eoe eo aoaoc oa epaa

28,4

63,7

5,8

2

pooc a caac c eopoeae ooee o a - a ae aoaoc?

40,2

57,7

3

Caee , o aacae ec eaoaoe coace?

76,5

23,5

4

a caee, aacae ce apooc o oop oac a ocapceo aaco e?

51,6

49,4

5

ocapcea oa ee paa eope aoaoce

35,3

64,7

6

ao opaa po-ae aacae pecaee apoo aaa

100

7

aco apoa aacaa o oo aa

100

8

eee e a aoaoc - o epeo pooo

35,3

64,7

9

Cao ao pee aacae oo caco

50

32,3

17,7

10

o, o aaca - ooaoaa cpaa, ooaae eo p

100

11

a aaca pe cpa eo ape cococe poc pecoc

17.6

76,5

5,9

12

pa e pa aoaoce cococ ce apo

70,6

23,5

5,9

13

opeo apo aacaa oe e peeco epe eope

100

14

aacae ec apooc, oope oca o coe pa

23,5

76,5

15

pa, oa, pe oo apoa aca ae

100

16

apo, oope e co copec Po, o ea a

5,9

94,1

17

eoope apo, e aacae, pec e oe pea, e o

23,5

70,6

5,9

aa 3. opoc ae epe cae pa, a ae epa, poee cpe ac 11 acca

opoc

a

e

e a

1

Copeeo eoe eo aoaoc oa epaa

22,6

77,4

2

pooc a caac c eopoeae oo-ee o a - a ae aoaoc?

51,6

48,4

3

Caee , o aacae ec ea-oaoe coace?

71

25,7

3,3

4

a caee, aacae ce apooc o oop oac a ocapceo aaco e?

12,9

54,8

3,3

5

ocapcea oa ee paa eope aoaoce

38,7

54,8

6,5

6

ao opaa poae aacae pecaee apoo aaa

19,3

74,2

6,5

7

aco apoa aacaa o oo aa

90,3

9,7

8

eee e a aoaoc - o epeo pooo

38,7

58

3,3

9

Cao ao pee aacae oo caco

61,3

29

9,7

10

o, o aaca - ooaoaa cpaa, ooaae eo p

90,3

9,7

11

a aaca pe cpa eo ape cococe poc pecoc

61,3

32,3

6,4

12

pa e pa aoaoce cococ ce apoo

77.4

22.6

13

opeo apo aa-caa oe e peeco epe eope

9,6

80,7

9,7

14

aacae ec apooc, oope oca o coe pa o p

45,2

41,9

12,9

15

pa, oa, pe oo apoa aca ae, ae ec o ac eo

87,1

12,9

16

apo, oope e co copec Po, o ea a

22,6

71

6,4

17

eoope apo, e aacae, pec e oe pea, e o

12,9

74,2

2,9

- aaca - ooaoaa cpaa, ee pee e oaeo oe aao o aoaoc (11,8% - 10 acc, 19,3% - 11 acc);

- e eoop aoaoce e oca paeco a ae ooc (5,9% - 10 acc, 25,8% - 11 acc);

- cea caaee opo coe eooco a- apoo (17,6% - 10 acc, 12,9% - 11 acc).

aee oe oo a opoc ae epe cae pa, a ae epa? pacpeec ce opao:

a ocoe oeo epe cocppoa ooe oaae eco oepaoc ().

a a oe pecoe o 1 a. Oeo oee oe, ceece o oepao (1 - 14 opoc) oepao (15 -29 opoc) o.

aee a % o eaoo coco (o, p oopo ce oe pao). o ce pea:

- oeco oepa pecoeo cpe ecacco - 47,5; oepa - 40,8, e opeec - 12,8;

- oeco oepa pecoeo cpe oaaacco - 43,8; oepa - 53,7, e opeec - 2,5.

Aa , e ac pa acco cec opeeee pa oaae oo ca cpe, oo cpe ac ao o cece, o epea, o ce e oepaa o o ooe apoa pao aoaoc.

o po oepaoc epe ooe opaoae ece o e op, oa o e apae a ce opace p e ca oceec oa, oe, a paoe ae p poee oca. eepoc oeca - o caaeoe eepoc eo paa. eepoc oe pec oo cpeo eepoc. oo o opoc c eepoc, oe ocoaa c e co oeee po po eoep ac oece.

a ac oe aac opoco: oepae ?, oa ac oc aea epa o, o ae oeco, pao ocoa c ocpo oea, ae ecoa coaco co o pa pa.

1.3 op, eo cpeca oppoa opo oeeoc ee

opa oeeoc -- o coco oc, paaeec a coooc oe pecae a o o o eco pe, peaec epe e, a oe oee, cococe eo eeco aooa aoec.

opa oeeoc peoaae oooc peooe poce oa opa aoec c pecae pa ec ooce:

peooee co oepcc ee peee, cee coe o apeoc p aoec. epeoc o p oee p e, aoao-cooec ocoeoce.

Cocooc ooao, aco ao oac a apoc, epec oc e p p apoo.

C e opeee aeca (cee) opo oeeoc oo oo peca ocee cooo po oeeoc a ee o ce ce. a o ce oca, coaco peoeo ae oe pa peea ocoa paeoc aoao pe, oe:

e pecae o cop, ae , pa, oa, oope coeo apoa.

eo epoa ce co coe eco po, a ae ocoa ea, a aoaoc poee, eco poa, poo .

Pacoaa a cee o pe ec ooce aacaa, acoc - pe ee, ocea acc, o.

e paa o e pa, e ocpa p coec a cao coo paec.

Oco a e oac eecoo aoec.

ocee peeo oao paooc oac coe ec p aacaa ae eeapo paooc oac op copee cpa.

a o ae eca eoc peea oa coppoaa oo oee:

ae ee pa apoo: aae, , ec eppop (po), apoooec (eoc), paoo-o p (p), ecoe caocoae (oae oo, o o ec ac aoo-o apoa).

aece ocoeoce pa apoo peeo oeae aoc cop, ce paoo oo p.

ee ocaoo eo opee cece e apoa pa coca. ee ocoeoc epaoo eepaoo oe pa pa.

ae ocec oepaoo ooe capaec e po pa eepoo oee o ooe pecae o aoaoc.

Aape p oo paoac, o e pecae ec ooce, cpec papee e pa co.

Opaae coe eeoc oceece e, pce eo apo (apep, cooo aee po o, coe aoae a, aee apo oece peeco). ocee peeo opaoaoc oac op aacaa poee eeapo paooc oac op pa. a o ae peeo:

e oo ae pa op coeo apoa, o oe oceeo .

aae poe oepaoe ooee cao pa opa p oco. acoaae cee o ac ee pa apoo.

ao c ccco apoo pa.

ocpoo eeoc po-ceece e, apaepe p op (apep, oop a ocpao e, oo aoae a, aee aoa ccco, coae e, acac aoooe oo, ocepca, aco, op pec poa ..).

Pacoaae opae o po oe, oop o ca pa.

peoe ope a e oeeece oe, cococe eo eeco aoec.

ae pep aopooe p, oe copo paa.

Op ace eec c.

oc co a pae aooa e oopa.

Ooaee ce oce ac cooo po opo oeeoc opaa oee apaee oceoaeoo ooae ee a, e, aa, cococ eo eeco aooa aoec.

ep ce oppoa opo oeeoc peeo poo ooo ae oo opace (5--10 e), op - opocoo ece (11 --15 e) pe -- oeco opace (15--18 e). Peeo aae ocae ce paooc, a ae opaoaoc.

oppoae opo oeeoc e aaaec oo epoe, a pooaec a poe ce eoea. o ocoeo e, o, o-ep, pa ( o ce eca) -- o e acee ee ocoo opeec, o-op, pe poco ee coa pea, -pe, ec ee ca caoo eoea oope o pec oo opo ope. A ce o opee oe, oppepo ooe coe oceoeoc oac pa op.

Opaoa cpe oo c pa oo pa ooceo caocoe, o aooo :

cpe oo c pa o coepoa eaoo cea po ca, e e ca opoc ep a ce po pecaee pa p , capac epa co o p o (o, oeo, pee o ocoaeo ooo pe),

ca pecope po ceape ep ao o a-o poea.

cooae eaoeco pae ca eocpece cpe peea c pecae p, opae o pe caoee pcco-paeeec ce.

ooe poe ca oo opaoa paa o o a. o oeao ec oaa po cop, oecoa, paaoee, epap, poo oeceo p, ocpaoo a, a ae aa p aapo apaeoc acce ac. apep:

pa cpea po, oepa cpe ee Capoo ooo cea a aae o e eopaec op paopaaa ep ao, opaa pae o epoee ec ee a op.

pe ocac poe, oope o oa ooo ocapce, coco pee.

pa ao ... (...-- aae eo cpa), oepa epeoop pecaee pcacoo cacoo acee.

Opaa poeaa ooe ocaa pecae p.

poeaa -- o ccceo coaaea ocao poea ca, apaea a ee oo poope ooe pa, ooa oap peooe cocee cepeo, pepacc, oope paee, oe, e ocoaac . oo a poe ec cepeoo oee e opaoa ca, oopo e oaac o ecoo eca oea cpa. Opaa poe ccc. Pe ec e e e o poo aoe, a o eoco oe o o o poee oecoo oeca. Oo ooe opoc cooec coceoe ooee pa co a e cepco, oa cococe oppe ooe, ee cepco, oe ecooe ee opocooo opaca, oe ca coo ee coce o.

pepe e ccc, oope a e, a poe c, o cpoe e poecc: oe aoaa paeoc -- eooo oo copeeo pe?.

ccc o ee oe aoaa paeoc eooo oo copeeo pe? oe paopaac op a opoco: acoo ao o oe copeeoo eoea? a oee a o opoc, ec e oop o ce aoao paeoc aoa ec ce aoao paeoc ope aoaoc?

Cece paa e aoao opoc aoao acoo oa poa peao ? cea ep aoae cepeo?

oo o co e oee a oe?

o oe opee aoa paeoc , o aee o cea ce?

Opaa poecca peec ocaa coeo ooe pecae p.

oppac poe ccc co cepca, opae eaoo poea ca, ep aoa o peea ooe pecaee p oa occea .

Peec ooe opoc oop co coce o cepe ep ooe, opae epe epce cea o peeo ocoaoo eeapaeoo peopaoa, o ec ac caoocae.

Apoa poecc peec oo, o-ep, co ce op: pee opoca eaoa cooe caa ee o oa aoo-o a, opaae eae, epea, e (apep: oce a ae epoaaoe ee o ao poee: epoc, eoo eoc ooc oeoc?

o o cococoao?), ce o peoeo eaoo opa (apep: aepee aao pa:

, e paeae oe pe, a o ...).

cee op peec peoaa o cpeoc ocao.

o acae eo coe-pae, ca aece oee oo e eaoec co.

apep:

a, a a , o peoaa cop acca, oop oac pecae pa aoaoce pe?;

oo ocapco pepac oe poo paa?.

eooo ae oaae oo oa oae e pec c, ec ao, aapoa co e o pe.

o oo o ac oea oocoaoc ocoepoc e ce, ooapac ao opocce pee, peooe o oo, o eo oa pe e coae c ee cepco eaoa.

pee o aa oo opaoa ceae pe, cococe pa aa e.

o-op, eecoopao opaoa po ee pa p, a oop e poac e opa ao p eaco o aoaoc.

a epop oo oec cee:

paoae a a copecoo ae, ee ac eee p, epap, a apo epoe.

poeee ecae, oa, cao o eco pe, copeoa o aoa a copa pa.


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