Концепт "happiness" в американской лингвокультуре

Определение понятия "концепт" и его структура. Рассмотрение понятия "номинативное поле концепта", изучение его видов. Описание структуры концепта "happiness" в американской лингвокультуре. Определение номинативного поля и изучение характерных черт.

Рубрика Иностранные языки и языкознание
Вид курсовая работа
Язык украинский
Дата добавления 19.07.2014
Размер файла 1,3 M

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3

Sleeping

“Happiness is that moment between closing my book at night, switching out the light, and turning my face to the pillow.” “The nights when sleep just happens and one wakes up refreshed: these are to be selebrated.”

4

Listening to music, singing

“I am happy to sing out the praises of my favorite musicians.” “A good CD player at the right volume at the right time is the perfect medicine for unhappiness.”

5

Reading books

“Books are like holidays; between their covers lie entire worlds. Whoever thinks that time travel is impossible has never immersed themselves in a good book.” “Happiness is reading a book without interruption.”

6

Friends

“A long chat with an old friend makes both of you happy.” “Reminiscing in the company of my oldest friends makes for happy hours spent together.”

7

Dancing

“Dancing makes me happy - the extraordinary and compelling life force that leads everyone to feel free enough to shake their entire being in the presence of complete strangers.”

8

Remembering one's childhood

“Revisiting the ponds where we swam as children evokes happy memories.” “Happiness is a childlike excitement of sleeping rough on someone's sofa or floor, after a party or being snowed in.”

9

A holiday atmosphere

“Happiness is the flurry preparations before a holiday.” “Happiness is the anticipation of Christmas.”

10

New or fresh clothes, boots, etc.

“The unmistakable smell of brand-new shoes while standing in an elevator suggests that someone among you is happy with his purchase.” “After a day in a suit, uniform, or costume, happiness is a clean pair of jeans and a loose pair of slippers.”

1.5. «Travel and the Wider world»

Используемый образ

Пример

1

Relationships with strangers

“It makes me happy that one can spend an entire day collecting smiles from strangers - twice as many when one smiles first.” “A happy smile is always welcome, and the nicest, it seems, is the smile of a stranger.”

2

Watching art

“A trip to an art gallery is like receiving a transfusion of optimism.”

3

Being on time

“The thing that's better than getting there is the discovery that you will be arriving on time.” “Happiness is a train when it runs on time.”

4

Visiting interesting places

“Entering castles is like entering a dream. If you're happy to use a little imagination they can soon become populated as they may once have been.”

5

Long walks

“What better reason to be happy than long walks on sandy beaches on misty mornings, hunting for shells and buried treasure?”

6

Discoveries

“One should always be happy to discover that the light at the end of the tunnel is not a train coming at you from the other direction.” “Discovering great places is also about discovering what makes you happy.”

7

Memories of a journey

“The memories of a journey brings us happiness for years to come.” “The sound of an old Spitfire looping the loop somewhere nearby stirs happy memories and mixed emotions.”

8

The way

“Happiness is driving with a clear road ahead.”

9

Getting mail

“Happy postcards are like little vacations received.”

10

Coming back

“A welcoming light in the window at home is a happy beacon to a weary traveler.” “A return of a loved one after a long absence is cause for happy celebration.”

1.6. «Family and Friends»

Используемый образ

Пример

1

Having a family, a good friend

“No man can be happy without a friend, nor be sure of his friend till he is unhappy.” “A good reason for being happy would be having my family near.”

2

Health of relatives and friends

“Health is the greatest gift, contentment the greatest wealth, faithfulness the beat relationship.” Buddha.

3

Love

“There is love and there is unconditional love, and I love them both unconditionally.” “Writing poems makes you feel good, but having a poem written for you is the happiest therapy imaginable.” “When two lives connect, happiness illuminates both.”

4

Hugs, kisses

“One can never receive too many hugs.” “Now I am happy, having planted a kiss on your forehead.” “I am happy that I have come to know the life-saving quality of hugs.”

5

Spending time with close people

“Playing a board game with those closest to you brings happiness all around.” “Just simply living life in the company of friends and family is cause enough for happiness.”

6

Sharing

“Happiness comes through sharing your feelings with others, allowing the genie out of the bottle from time to time.” “By allowing happiness to take a central place in our life we develop the capacity to share happiness with others.”

7

Relationships with others

“The feeling of happiness I enjoy the most is the one I get when I make people around me happy.” “Happiness is good-night kisses and long walks home”

8

Help

“Being able to help lighten the burden in another person's life - that makes you happy.” “Good deeds that remain anonymous bring greater happiness.”

9

Children

“Happiness is raising a child to be herself.” “Happiness is watching my daughter play hide-and-seek with her cat.”

10

Recollections

“I remember the happiest of hours spent playing with childhood friends in the old-fashioned playgrounds we used to have. I simly close my eyes and we're there again.”

1.7. «Happiness Among Others»

Используемый образ

Пример

1

Hope

“Man needs, for his happiness, not only the enjoyment of this or that, but hope and enterprise and change.”

2

Belief , trust

“Belief in true happiness conquers fear.” “Nothing makes me happier than being able to trust someone.” “Ask yourself this: «Do you believe in true happiness?» If you do, then why not grab it with both hands.”

3

Simplicity

“Happiness results from simplicity, and happiness results in simplicity.” “Happy people's lives are measured not in dollars or pounds but in their simple pleasures.”

4

Freedom

“I am happy that I am free to follow my own instincts.” “Happiness is to speak with freedom and free from fear.”

5

Happiness because of happiness

“Why is happy? Because there is no better way to live.” “For some people there is no particular purpose, cause, or reason for being happy apart from the fact that they just are. That seems a good reason to me.”

6

Fortune

“Happiness is theirs who have good fortune and goon sense.” “Happiness is composed of misfortune avoided.”

7

Inspiration

“The inspiration that comes from people who have survived difficult times makes one feel glad to be alive.”

8

Changes

“Change in yourself changes everything in your life. If you want happiness, change.”

9

Forgiveness

“Happiness is about discovering the forgiveness of others towards us.” “Happiness is about finding forgiveness within yourself.”

1.8. «The Joy of Nature»

Используемый образ

Пример

1

Sunshine

“Happiness is the knowledge that after the rainstorm sunshine will follow.” “Sunny days in the middle of cold winters are enough to lift our spirits.”

2

Nature sounds, hush

“The hush that accompanies snowfall fills me with quiet happiness.” “There is happiness in the sound of the leaves whispering their approval as I walk along the pathway that leads through the wood.” “A happy sound - the quacking of the wild mallards is like groaning laughter after a corny joke.”

3

Birdsongs

“The wild unstructured form of a birdsong fills my heart with happiness.” “The nicest aria to be heard is that of the birds at my window when I wake up.”

4

Watching the sky, clouds, stars

“Happiness is being carried on the clouds that scud across a bright blue sky.” “The stars in a clear sky always make me wonder if out of there somewhere, someone is looking back at me with equal wonder.”

5

Snowfalls

“Happiness is feeling soft falling snow against my face, like little cold, wet, lacy handkerchiefs tossed there playfully by winter fairies.” “Enough snow having fallen to embark upon a sleigh ride and a good hill nearby are ingredients for a happy day.” “No matter how many times you've seen it before, there is sheer magic in watching snow as it falls outside your window.”

6

Rain

“I love the sound of rain upon corrugated iron.” “The tickle of a raindrop as it runs down my nose makes me happy.”

7

Walking at night

“A walk on the beach on a warm summer night is a journey to the soul of nature.” “Happiness is the understanding nature of night, never too dark to scare, gently lulling me to sleep.”

8

Picking up mushrooms, berries, etc.

“A basket of fresh field mushrooms, picked on a misty morning, to be consumed in good company, makes for a happy evening to come.”

9

Picturesque views

“The view from the top of a mountain on a clear day tells me I am happy and never alone.” “The incredible blue of a field of cornflowers takes my breath away.”

10

Sunset

“Happiness may be found in the inviting colors of a cool fall day.” “Happiness is a sunset that paints the sky until everything under it glows for miles around.”

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